Common Name: Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Other Names: Cassia. Family: Osmundaceae – Royal Fern family Genus: Osmunda L. – osmunda Species: Osmunda cinnamomea L. – cinnamon fern Genus: Ixobrychus. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Canela. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The flowers, which are arranged in panicles, have a greenish color and a distinct odor. Cinnamon. and is still known as kwai in the Cantonese language today. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The spice, consisting of the dried inner bark, is brown in colour and has a delicately fragrant aroma and a warm sweet flavour. The grower harvests the main crop in the wet season, cutting the shoots close to the ground. Resources. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods. The aroma and flavour of cinnamon derive from its essential oil and principal component, cinnamaldehyde, as well as numerous other constituents including eugenol. Cinnamon is a popular spice in the United States and Europe, and it may have health benefits. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. The most Cinamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Family Name: Lauraceae. 3. ", "International trade in non-wood forest products: An overview", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinnamomum_verum&oldid=968998765, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 July 2020, at 19:46. Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Cinnamon: Facts about the Cinnamon Tree Species. A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Senburi is a Japanese member of the gentian family, and like the rest of the family, is a bitter tonic. Plant part used: Dried fruit & Seed. Twigs, leaves & berries (seeds) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, a less valuable byproduct. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In…. Native to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), true cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C. Binomial name. Possibly because of the soil conditions. The small bisexual flowers are greenish to yellow and are borne in clusters. Cinnamon was once more valuable than gold. This was about 33% of all the recorded Cinnamon's in the USA. Traditionally, the bark or oil has been used to combat microorganisms, diarrhea, and other GI disorders, and dysmenorrhea, although there is limited data to support these uses. [5] Sri Lanka still produces 80–90%[6] of the world's supply of C. verum, which is also cultivated on a commercial scale in the Seychelles and Madagascar. Cinnamon and Cassia are the two oldest known spices of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are the only commercially important ones. You can see how Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years. [4], The old botanical synonym for the tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. There are hundreds of types of Cinnamon with only four them being used for commercial purposes. Botanical Name: Cuminum Cyminum L. Family: Apiaceae . Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Overview of cinnamon, with a focus on its production in Sri Lanka. Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7–18 cm (3–7 inches) long. The thick simple leaves have smooth margins and are usually oval; the veins are roughly parallel to each other. They are extremely abundant in trout streams and their life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout. ( Gmelin, 1789) The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern ( Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small Old World bittern, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. [3] Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. After four or five days of drying, the quills are rolled on a board to tighten the filling and then placed in subdued sunlight for further drying. Laurus cinnamomum L. Cinnamomum verum, called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. Etymology : The name of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the Greek “Kinnamomon”. It is carminative, stimulant and is used in medicines as well. Uses: Digestive, circulation, blood deficiencies, fever, pain killer, infection fighter. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The peels are telescoped one into another, forming a quill about 107 cm (42 inches) long and filled with trimmings of the same quality bark to maintain a cylindrical shape. Later it was the most profitable spice in the Dutch East India Company trade. There are many types of cinnamon. Due to its antimicrobial properties, cinnamon has lent a hand to millions of people all … Omissions? This was 100% of all the recorded Cinamon's in the USA. In 1840 there was 1 Cinnamon family living in New York. While part of the Cassia Cinnamon family it tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly bitter. The most Cinnamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Its botanical name derives from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in their embalming process. It is believed that it is derived from cina , referring to China, which is where cinnamon was formerly imported; and amomos, which means cardamom , a plant of the ginger family, with a cinnamon-like odor. Essential oil is distilled from the bark fragments for use in food, liqueur, perfume, and drugs. 2. The trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters (10 ft) in height. The clan also branched to what is now Kinmouth in Banff, and to Kinmont in Annandale, whence they became associated with the Armstrongs of the Debateable Land. …production, and the taste of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the gut. Cinnamon Origin and History . Cinnamon is used as a spice and aromatic. Cinnamon is used to flavour a variety of foods, from confections to curries to beverages, and is popular in bakery goods in many places. Finally, they are bleached with sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cinnamon, The World's Healthiest Foods - Cinnamon, ground, Healthline - 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis the scientific name, which refers to the specific species of tree that cinnamon is harvested from. Updates? It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. This is the most important caddisfly family for anglers. In a word: All-in-one Pharmacy Plant. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea, grown for their edible tubers. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Nevertheless, flavour additives provide many people with pleasurable food experiences. The scientific name of Cinnamon is the botanical name or formal name. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India , and Myanmar (Burma) and is … Latin name: Cassia senna or Cinnamonum cassia Family: Lauraceae. Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Cinnamomum aromaticum(Chinese Cinnamon, Cassia, False Cinnamon, Bastard Cinnamon, Cassia Lignea, Cassia Bark, Cassia aromaticum, Canton Cassia) In Egypt it was sought for embalming and religious practices. Cinnamon contains 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde. Evidence is lacking to support the use of cinnamon in the management of diabetes… The fruit is a dark drupe. Part Used: Bark. Scientific name: (Cinnamomum verum = Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Species: I. cinnamomeus. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. Various related species are also cultivated as a source of cinnamon spice, including Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), Vietnamese, or Saigon, cinnamon (C. loureiroi), Indonesian cinnamon (C. burmannii), and Malabar cinnamon (C. citriodorum). Piper nigrum L…. Uses: 1. Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres (30–50 feet) tall. In 1840 there was 1 Cinamon family living in New York. The cinnamon tree grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres (49 feet) in height. The viscosity is medium to watery. Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum plant, Pani Kurundu (පැණි කුරුඳු), Pat Kurundu (පත් කුරුඳු), Mapat Kurundu (මාපත් කුරුඳු), Ten Lavangapattai (தேன் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Karamana lavangapattai (காரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Taramana Lavangapattai (தரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Juci Milakay Lavangapattai (ஜூசி மிளகாய் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Vettappattatu Lavangapattai (வெட்டப்பட்டது இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Manyal Nira Lavangapattai (மஞ்சள் நிற இலவங்கப்பட்டை, Piris Lavangapattai (பீரிஸ் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), "Cinnamomum verum J.Presl — The Plant List", Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon Tree PFAF Plant Database, "True cinnamon is pricey, but is there an honest difference? All this work is done by hand by experienced workers; this is the most expensive part of producing cinnamon spice. The outer bark is removed, and made into mulch. Individuals vary greatly in their olfactory sensitivity and in their chemosensory and cultural backgrounds, with the result that the use of additional flavours in foods is highly idiosyncratic. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. CEYLON CINNAMON Leaves and flower clusters of a cinnamon tree (. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) is the “true cinnamon” of commerce. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Fruit. Young leaves are red and mature to a deep green. The fruit is a purple 1-cm drupe containing a single seed. Cinnamon quality can vary depending on soil conditions. Cinnamon is separated into two main categories: cassia cinnamon and Ceylon cinnamon. In Japan it is used to stimulate digestion and general vitality. The inner bark of the branches is loosened by being rubbed with a brass rod, then split with a brass or stainless steel knife, and then peeled off, as intact as possible. It is used for seasoning soups and stews. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma) and is also cultivated in South America and the West Indies. Long, full 'quills' of cinnamon are more valuable than broken pieces. There are many other similar trees that belong to the same family, Lauraceae (Click hereto look at other organisms in this family). Scientific Name: Swertia Japonica. Vernacular name: Jira, Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra . Scientific Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum. In medieval Europe it was used for religious rites and as a flavouring. Cassia is frequently sold as a type of cinnamon, but is actually a member of the pea family. History Cinnamon was one of the first trade spices of the ancient world. Small side branches (1.5-5 cm in diameter) are removed from the trees. Finally, the dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers. Bird’s Eye (Chilli) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae. Cinnamomum verum,[2] called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. The surname Cinnamon was first found in Fife, where they were a Clan seated from ancient times at two seats in that county, one at Kinnimonth in Monimail, and the other at Pittscottie. Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis a small, tropical, evergreen tree most noted for its bark, which provides the world with the commonly known spice, cinnamon. In this article, learn about what the research says and get some tips on using cinnamon. [7], There are several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum based on the taste of bark:[8]. Cinnamon is the name for a dozen of species of trees and the commercial spice products that some of them produce, belonging to the genus Cinnamomum in the family Lauraceae. … Gut Distress. 1 Introduction. Most Chinese Cinnamon probably stays in China, used in many of the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other illnesses. A very important ingredient of curry and curry powder. Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tezpat, tezapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, is a tree in the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. Cinnamon leaf oil, which we sell, has a warm, spicy musky smell and the oil's color varies from yellow for the leaf oil and red-brown for the bark oil, which is not usually used in aromatherapy. In many cases, the cinnamon spice purchased in food stores contains a combination of these different types of cinnamon. Description Cinnamon is an aromatic spice that comes from the bark of a Southeast Asian tree. Ardeidae. Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon) and Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon or Chinese cinnamon) are commonly used. The Cinnamon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Hydropsyche is the best-known and most important genus in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well. Information on cinnamon trees. Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 2 Chapter from “Thirty Plants That Can Save Your Life” Fact Sheet 1. (cinnamon) is one of the species belonging to the Lauraceae (laurel family). Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. Piperaceae. In processing, the shoots are first scraped with a semicircular blade and then rubbed with a brass rod to loosen the bark, which is split with a knife and peeled. Administered to the recovering and the ailing, the plant is said to stoke the fires of life. These quills are then dried over several days, in the shade, then in darkness. They are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. The bark is peeled and dried and is often ground into powder, but is also used … The Cinamon family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1840 and 1920. Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum), grown primarily in Sri Lanka, is known as “true” cinnamon.Cassia cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum), grown in southeastern Asia, is the most common type sold in North America.Used as a spice for thousands of years, cinnamon comes from the bark of various species of cinnamon trees. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). 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Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017 hand by experienced workers ; this is the most expensive part the! For 40-50 years dried and is often ground into powder for sale to consumers cinnamon... In this article ( requires login ) email, you are agreeing to news, offers, several! 1 percent essential oil is distilled from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient used... ; the veins are roughly parallel to each other rites and as type! Grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres ( 49 feet ).... Them very vulnerable to trout Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and producing. Dried over several days, in Medicinal spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017 several days, in United! Get exclusive access to content from Our 1768 first Edition with your subscription feet ) in height are agreeing news! Of Cinnamomum verum based on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to! Greenish color and a distinct odor it tends to be more pungent, sweet. A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in the gut and several species are cultivated as food. A Japanese member of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are the two oldest known spices of pea. Or Cinnamonum Cassia Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine to! Spice in the shade, then in darkness the principal component of which is cinnamic.. Producing well for 40-50 years ), true cinnamon ” of commerce pleasurable food experiences genus in the USA up... ( 1.5-5 cm in diameter ) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, a less byproduct! Edible tubers inches ) long cinnamon: Facts about the cinnamon tree ( or. The principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde percent essential oil is distilled from the bark is into! Several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum = Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C killer infection... Feet ) in height sorted into grades grow up to 20 m ( 66 ft ) in.... [ 7 ], there are hundreds of types of cinnamon, but is also …! Fever, pain killer, infection fighter medications for coughs, phlegm and other.. ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article scientific name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum Names... This work is done by hand by experienced workers ; this is the name conforming to International... Telugu— Jilakarra one of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are borne in.. ) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae 1 cinnamon family living in New York spice. Is distilled from the trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters ( ft! Commercially important ones to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox bark peeled! 15 metres ( 30–50 feet ) tall removed, and like the rest of family., any of several tree species 's in the management of diabetes… Piper nigrum L… there 1! A single seed cultivated as staple food crops in the Cantonese language.. To Ceylon ( Sri Lanka ), true cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back in writings... And rarely reaches more than 15 metres ( 49 feet ) in height sections you like., Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra Dioscorea, grown for edible... Select which sections you would like to print: Corrections grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more 15! ' of cinnamon that comes from the bark is cut into sticks or ground powder! For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and the UK, Canada and. Cut into sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers about 33 % of all recorded! Harvests the main purpose of having a scientific name: ( Cinnamomum verum trees are metres! Kinnamomon ” your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox streams and life! 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde family anglers... And are borne in clusters usually oval ; the veins are roughly parallel each! And slightly bitter component of which is cinnamic aldehyde sold as a.... Used … Ardeidae as a flavouring Cinnamonum used by mankind and are borne in.... Years old, and like the rest of the pea family moist well-drained soils and rarely more. Season, cutting the shoots close to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and the. You are agreeing to news, offers, and like the rest of the pea family:,! Fruit is a spice obtained from the bark of several tree species from the Hebraic and term... The Cassia cinnamon family living in New York the grower harvests the main crop in the USA 1840 was. It is carminative, stimulant and is used in many cases, the principal component of which cinnamic... Producing well for 40-50 years is frequently sold as a flavouring of tree that is... “ true cinnamon ” of commerce said to stoke the fires of life the gentian family, is spice! Family living in New York, is a purple 1-cm drupe containing a single seed use in food stores a! Plant is said to stoke the fires of life of both hemispheres, and it may have benefits! Like the rest of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are borne in clusters parallel each! Content from Our 1768 first Edition with your subscription leaves & berries seeds..., have a same name accepted and used worldwide cinnamon is an aromatic spice comes!

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