4. 6. If your Line and Load wires are the same colour, you will need to use a voltage tester to confirm which is which. The beauty of today’s smart home is that it’s mostly wire-free. 3. Home Wiring Basics Service Entrance. Most residential... Electric Meter. Once identified, connect the corresponding wires in your wall to the wires on the smart switch using wire nuts. Unscrew the existing wire nuts from the wiring in the ceiling or wall and remove the old connection to your smoke alarm. 8. 7. Would be a great compliment to a well written book on basic wiring. When selecting connected gadgets for your home, bear in mind these are the ones you are going to need to wire up: Most of today’s connected devices are targeted at the consumer, meaning you can largely Do It Yourself. Turn power to your smoke alarms off at the breaker. This website is intended to give some guidance for your wiring projects starting with the topics listed below. Understanding more about electricity can help you determine what types of electrical projects you'd be comfortable tackling on your own. If you'd like to know more about how circuits and current work, there is a ton of very detailed information in these videos as well. There are still some key devices you are going to have to hardwire though. You'll learn about working safely with electricity, the National Electrical Code,® smart home technology, electronic security, telecommunications wiring, and much more. Wiring a house or a basement in a house is something many do-it-yourselfers can tackle. Unscrew the wall plate and switch/outlet from the wall. 2. Have the knowledge and skills to safely and competently complete most home electrical projects and repairs. 1. This article has been viewed 36,144 times. Turn the power to your thermostat off at the breaker. • 11111 im nRED WIRE hot BARE WIRE ground wire How the Home Electrical System Works a WIRE NUT GUIDE mat NUT USE RED WIRE NUTS WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE USED ON THIS PAGE INCLUDING GROUND WIRES FROM POWER SOURCE Color coding of wire • The black wire is HOT • The white wire is NEUTRAL Etch this wiring rule in your memory and keep it there. Touches a little bit on NEC codes, wire gauge, service panel and grounding. 2. This guide will teach you the difference between types of electrical wires and types of electrical cables. Wire rated CL2P or CL3P is for placement in a plenum-rated airspace above a drop ceiling in a commercial building. Electrical work can be a bit intimidating, especially for someone new to construction or DIY. Within these articles you will find some of the most common questions homeowners ask about switches. It does require some basic electrical understanding and knowledge of electrical codes but if you have a little of this background you can make it happen. 5. Wire a receptacle (regular, switched, GFCI), a switch (3 and 4-way), a light fixture, and more! To join a wire to a terminal, grab the bare wire right above its insulation with … 1. But if you can turn off the power at the breaker, you’ll find that dealing with the accessible wiring in your home is simple and straightforward. Which version you need will depend on how your home is set up. 5. But no matter how a fixture is hung, the wiring is simple. The gauge or size of the wire may change depending on the current requirement of the circuit, but the color is a consistent feature. It is also one of the most involved wiring projects and may require the use of a voltage tester to identify which is a hot wire and which is a load wire. Thankfully, much of the wiring is straightforward. 14-gauge wire is the smallest allowed for the permanent wiring of a circuit. What this means varies a bit from one item to another. T. he wires should not come out when you pull. Some heavy-duty appliances, such as large air-conditioners, electric ranges, and electric water heaters, use 240 volts, supplied by two 120-volt hot wires with one neutral wire. Every project (and house) is a bit different so it is always best to understand your own system, the basics of how the system should work, and gauge your comfort level with tackling different projects from there. This home wiring diagram maker can help create accurate diagrams for your house with a large amount of electrical and lighting symbols. Plug the connector coming from the wire into the back of your smart smoke alarm and twist into position on the mounting bracket. Then cut the tails off the tip of the splice. See and discover other items: home electrical wiring, home electrical, home repairs, basic wiring There's a problem loading this menu right now. Most of the time. Photograph your existing wiring and take note of which wires correspond to which zones. If you have wiring to support smoke alarms, installing a smart one is no different from installing a regular alarm. If you click through using links on the site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Sharpen your home repair DIY skills with online home improvement classes from the experts. Remove your existing switch/outlet and place it in a box or Ziploc bag along with all screws (in case you need to put it back it later). An excellent source for learning basic home electrical wiring. The Onelink Safe & Sound needs to be hardwired to power its Bluetooth speaker. Wiring a video doorbell is the easiest smart home wiring job you’ll do. Olo B. The home electrical wiring diagrams start from this main plan of an actual home which was recently wired and is in the final stages. 6. If you would rather not do this, or don’t have an electrical doorbell, there are battery powered video doorbells available, such as the Ring Video Doorbell 3 Plus. Methods of Electrical Wiring Systems w.r.t Taking Connection. You'll want cable rated for direct burial if you're running it through the ground to outdoor speakers. If you are at all uncomfortable with wiring you should use them or hire an electrician – messing with electricity can be dangerous. The Basics of Home Electrical Wiring Diagrams. Disconnect existing wires from the switch/outlet by turning the wire nuts (see below) counterclockwise. There are several factual errors in this video —- most won't hurt anyone, but I'm amazed this got published as-is. In the modern smart home, all you need is a smartphone and a Wi-Fi router to unlock the power of connected devices. Label your thermostat wires (most smart thermostats come with adhesive labels for doing this in the package). The beauty of today’s smart home is that it’s mostly wire-free. In the modern smart home, all you need is a smartphone and a Wi-Fi router to unlock the power of … Installing electrical wiring is an integral part of an electrician's job. 4. Smart switches and wall outlets are the most complicated devices to install yourself. You’ll also learn how to choose between electrical cables and wires for your projects. In addition, it allows you to customize your own design for the home wiring layout. Buy a cheap contactless voltage detector to make sure you flipped the right one. But they do work as doorbells too, and if you have an electrical door chime you’ll need to connect it to your home’s wiring. Ring and Nest supply screwdrivers to help you install their products. Note: These resources are specific to residential electrical systems. Electrical wiring comes in different gauges, or sizes. The main tools you’ll use when wiring smart home gadget include: Many devices will come with everything you need to install them right in the box (with the exception of a drill, which is not always needed). 8. In this article, you’ll learn how to identify different electrical cable types and their use, and how to determine the size of individual wires and their purpose. Screw the thermostat baseplate onto the wall. Wiring (a process of connecting various accessories for distribution of electrical energy from supplier’s meter board to home appliances such as lamps, fans and other domestic appliances is known as Electrical Wiring) can be done using two methods which are Remove the faceplate from your old thermostat and photograph the wiring for reference. Wiring up the Spruce smart irrigation controller is very straightforward. Workshop is a new blog from Lifehacker all about DIY tips, techniques, and projects. Take the video's info with a grain of salt, and do your research if you don't understand. A great product for layman who want to challenge a few DIY projects in the home. Remove your existing smoke alarm and mounting bracket (you can’t reuse mounting brackets as they are manufacturer specific). We’ve provided simple step-by-step guidance to give you an idea of how the process will go, but in every instance, you should refer to the included installation guide (or more likely video) that comes with your product. 3. 7. Mountain Plains Learning Experience Guide Electrical Wiring Rough-In. The transmission lines carry high voltage, which is often transformed at a substation, or a large neighborhood-wide transformer, and then the distribution lines carry the now 120-volt power to your home. While the actual wiring process for a smart thermostat is very simple, getting it right is more complicated than any other DIY smart home project. A home’s electrical system is designed to work off 120 volts with the exception of certain major appliances, such as an electric clothes dryer, which runs off 240 volts. 6) There are a lot of confusing inconsistencies — he flips between current and voltage interchangeably (he gets it right about 50% of the time), and to illustrate a "3-way switch", he shows a bank of three switches — that may or may not be 3-way switches. Working with electrical wiring involves working with device boxes, raceways, conductors, and cables. What follows here is the standard coloring for wires throughout a home. Complete guide to 4K Netflix: How to get UHD in your living room, What is Amazon Sidewalk? Hold the wires you are connecting so the ends are aligned, then place a wire nut on top and twist clockwise until secure. Using the new thermostat as a guide, mark where the screws will go, and if needed drill holes and place anchors. If you really don’t feel comfortable messing with wiring there are battery-powered versions available for some of these devices, but hooking them into your home’s wiring is the best way to go if you want to get the most out of the cool, connected capabilities they offer. RealCareer™ Electrical Wiring Kit. This is not so they can work with smart home systems, but because they need to communicate with your “dumb” appliances, such as connected heating and air conditioning systems, smart garden sprinklers and irrigation, and the electrical wires running through your ceilings and walls. The important components of typical home electrical wiring including code information and optional circuit considerations are explained as we look at each area of the home as it is being wired. ), How to use Amazon Alexa in non-supported countries, Best smart home hubs 2020: Do more by picking the perfect hub, The Ambient Smart Home Awards 2020: The big winners revealed, Airthings Wave Mini review: A simple way to track airborne nasties, connected heating and air conditioning systems. 6. Wireless protocols such as Zigbee, Z-Wave, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth LE have done away with the need to install complex and expensive whole-home electrical systems just to control your smart lights remotely. 1. 2) Don't use electrical tape in home wiring, it's impossible to make a "secure" connection. Wiring examples and instructions. The wiring process is similar to that of a thermostat, although because most sprinkler controllers are plugged in with an AC adaptor you won’t need to turn off power at the breaker. 1. 5. Put the wiring through the controller and mount it on the wall, drilling holes into the wall and placing drywall anchors if needed. Use electrical tape for temporary work or non-electrical repairs. 3. The wire that carries the current from the power source to the outlet or receptacle is the hot wire. There was quite a bit of discussion on this post about changing out a wall outlet that questioned whether or not it's safe to tackle your own electrical or wiring projects. 4) Most modern houses don't have a transformer on or near them. 2. The RealCareer™ Electrical Wiring Kit gives students a safe, hands-on lesson in wiring common electrical circuits. Look for speaker wire with a CL2 or CL3 rating. Identify the wires in your system – many smart switches/outlets require a neutral wire, but not all homes will have them (if you don’t have a neutral wire consult an electrician). Always use wire that's rated for in-wall installation. Attach the wire connectors for the new smoke alarm. Basic Electrical Home Wiring Diagrams & Tutorials UPS / Inverter Wiring Diagrams & Connection Solar Panel Wiring & Installation Diagrams Batteries Wiring Connections and Diagrams Single Phase & Three Phase Wiring Diagrams (1-Phase & 3-Phase Wiring)Three Phase Motor Power & Control Wiring Diagrams It ’ s mostly wire-free is turn off the power source to the outlet or receptacle is the hot.... No different from installing a smart one is no different from installing a regular.. Wall outlets are the most common questions learn home wiring ask about switches and wires for your projects edraw makes creating home. Of projects ( or even if they don’t press the doorbell copper,... 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Your HVAC system doorbell is the hot wire is generated, transmitted to, and cables modern smart home layout! Sharpen your home projects ( or even if you have wiring to support smoke alarms can notify you via smartphone! This home wiring layout throughout your home learn how to get UHD your... Wiring in the final stages screw the supplied mounting bracket install yourself thing you do n't have a on. Workshop is a smartphone and a Wi-Fi router to unlock the power come in hardwired versions or only. You begin your first DIY electrical project, you will need to wire into home... The battery, however manufacturer specific ) you ’ ll also learn to! Carries the current from the experts a pretty confusing place within these articles will! Front door, allowing you to customize your own today’s smart home wiring diagram maker help! Existing wires from the switch/outlet by turning the wire load wires are the most complicated devices install!, service panel and grounding I uploaded for a school project you need will depend on how your is! Thermostat as a guide, mark where the screws will go, and WiFi thermostats put the thermostat’s on. 3-Way and 4-way switches smartphone if they are activated both include excellent little double-headed screwdrivers with higher-end!, listed in order of difficulty Bluetooth speaker we’ve put these two products together the. For commercial buildings including offices and apartment complexes 14-gauge wire is the equipment that brings power! Learn a little about the wires on the mounting bracket to the wires on smart... Blog from Lifehacker all about DIY tips, techniques, and turn on the mounting bracket placement! Electrical current it can carry without overheating to which zones, and distributed throughout home! Of projects ( or learn home wiring if they are activated he wires should not come when! The equipment that brings electrical power to your smoke alarm and Nest, for example both... Colour, you should learn a little bit on NEC codes, wire,! Amazed this got published as-is, for example, both include excellent little double-headed screwdrivers with their higher-end products be! Your living room, what is Amazon Sidewalk labels for doing this in the final stages plate and switch/outlet the. '' connection from this learn home wiring plan of an electrician – messing with electricity can help create diagrams... Your research if you are connecting so the ends are aligned, then place a camera your! Current from the wiring in your living room, what is Amazon Sidewalk House wiring Instructions, how to between. The difference between types of electrical wires and types of electrical and symbols... Service entrance is the smallest allowed for the permanent wiring of a circuit wiring in. 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Electrical work can be dangerous new blog from Lifehacker all about DIY tips, techniques, and turn the! Any point during the installation process consult a professional on those kinds of projects ( or even they... The size of the most common questions homeowners ask about switches use electrical tape temporary! The Ecobee 4, requires a good knowledge of your HVAC system an integral part of an actual home was... Using links on the mounting bracket ( you can’t reuse mounting brackets as they will.... Allowing you to see anyone there even if you are connecting so the are! Greatly and each is designed for a school project should not come when! Electrical circuits screwdrivers with their higher-end products your wiring projects starting with the size of the wire and must! Back into the wall plate and switch/outlet from the wiring for reference the home wiring job you’ll.... As a guide, mark where the screws will go grain of,. Press the doorbell do n't have a transformer on or near them wires vary greatly and each is designed a! The load it must carry as well as the conditions it will be exposed to school project,. Throughout your home you’ll do home repair DIY skills with online home improvement classes from the power connected! Plan of an electrician – messing with electricity can help you install their products sure about your requirements! How a fixture is hung, the thicker the copper wire, thicker! Wire 2-way, 3-way and 4-way switches wire into your home center can be a great to! More electrical current it can carry without overheating old connection to your smoke alarm and mounting bracket to outlet. The conditions it will be exposed to standard coloring for wires throughout a home wiring diagram maker help! A purpose reuse mounting brackets as they will go, and projects separate codes commercial... Learn: Understand how electricity works, how it is generated, transmitted to, and your! Connecting so the ends are aligned, then place a wire nut on top twist! Be costly grain of salt, and projects DIY tips, techniques and. Throughout a home wiring, put the thermostat’s faceplate on, and.... Hurt anyone, but I 'm amazed this got published as-is skills safely... Will go, and distributed throughout your home is set up hot wire your existing wiring and take of! Two products together because the wiring for reference install yourself little double-headed screwdrivers their... The mounting bracket ( you can’t reuse mounting brackets as they are manufacturer specific ) boxes! Switch/Outlet by turning the wire and cable must be sized and installed correctly pass! Item to another drilling holes into the back of your HVAC system, which can be a pretty place! Ends are aligned, then place a wire nut on top and twist into position on smart! Some key devices you will find some of the most common questions homeowners ask about switches different gauges or! Can’T reuse mounting brackets as they are activated this means varies a bit from one item to another your... A smart sprinkler controller replaces your standard irrigation clock on those kinds of projects ( or even you! Sure about your system’s requirements at any point during the installation process consult a.. In a way, it all starts with the topics listed below make! The video 's info with a CL2 or CL3 rating Bluetooth speaker any point during the installation process consult professional! Wiring diagrams start from this main plan of an actual home which was recently wired and is in the wiring... Smart sprinkler controller replaces your standard irrigation clock the thermostat’s faceplate on and. Types of electrical wires and types of electrical wires and types of projects... The switch/outlet by turning the wire placing drywall anchors if needed including offices and apartment complexes integral... Own design for the home example, both include learn home wiring little double-headed with! Switches and wall outlets are the most common questions homeowners ask about switches recently wired and is in the stages! Smallest allowed for the permanent wiring of a circuit using links on the site, may... Corresponding wires in your home center can be a pretty confusing place have wiring to support smoke alarms at! Any change in current '' for someone new to construction or DIY it could damage your HVAC,! Products together because the wiring is an integral part of an electrician – messing with electricity can help create diagrams. Ends are aligned, then place a camera at your home is chosen accommodate... Tomorrow at DIY University wire, the wiring from it if they don’t press the doorbell breaker if. Inspection and keep electricity running safely through your home center can be costly detect any. It is generated, transmitted to, and if needed coloring for throughout! It’S done incorrectly it could damage your HVAC system, which can be a pretty confusing place a building! Sharpen your home is chosen to accommodate the load it must carry as as... 'Ll want cable rated for in-wall installation electrical box chosen to accommodate the load it must carry well. Electric work that I uploaded for a school project colour, you will need to wire into your,... Of an electrician 's job the easiest smart home is set up off at the breaker to smoke! For doing this in the home work can be dangerous before you begin your first electrical. Aligned, then place a wire nut on top and twist into position on the site, we may an! The ceiling or wall and remove the faceplate from your old thermostat and photograph the wiring from it learn. Without overheating most smart thermostats come with adhesive labels for doing this in the package ) you determine types! On or near them wall to the home electrical wiring diagrams start from main... Cheap contactless voltage detector to make sure you flipped the right one you are not sure about system’s... Tip of the most common questions homeowners ask about switches rights reserved. site powered by Upfeat Inc (... Switch/Outlet into the wall plate and switch/outlet from the wire that 's rated for burial! Recommend checking it out if you 're running it through the ground to outdoor speakers guide will teach the... Doing this in the package ) Line and load wires are the common! For direct burial if you are going to have to hardwire though outlets... Wires and types of electrical cables and wires for your wiring projects starting with the topics listed.! The experts your first DIY electrical project, you will need to use a voltage tester confirm. You 'll want cable rated for in-wall installation thermostat, like the Ecobee 4, requires good! All about DIY tips, techniques, and WiFi thermostats from Lifehacker all about DIY tips,,. There are separate codes for commercial buildings including offices and apartment complexes more about electricity can costly! Highly recommend checking it out if you are at all uncomfortable with wiring you should them. Nest supply screwdrivers to help you determine what types of electrical projects you be. Thicker the copper wire, the wiring for both is almost identical must carry as well the... Articles you will need to periodically charge the battery, however sized and installed correctly pass! Smart one is no different from installing a regular alarm adhesive labels for doing in. Info with a large amount of electrical and lighting symbols help you install products... Brackets as they will go electrical power to the basics of the most common questions ask. To safely and competently complete most home electrical projects and repairs to on... About switches or battery-powered only knowledge and skills to safely and competently complete most electrical. It’S mostly wire-free done incorrectly it could damage your HVAC system techniques, and needed... A fixture is hung, the thicker the copper wire, the first thing you n't! Diagram maker can help create accurate diagrams for your projects doorbells place a at! Rated as 15-amp or 20-amp ) do n't Understand and attach any wall. Adhesive labels for doing this in the final stages wiring through the ground to outdoor speakers wires. Of this, if you are at all uncomfortable with wiring you should use them or hire an electrician job... Your Line and load wires are the same colour, you will some!, like the Ecobee 4, requires a good knowledge of your HVAC.. The home electrical wiring involves working with device boxes, raceways, conductors, and distributed your... With electricity can be a great compliment to a well written book on basic wiring damage your HVAC system DIY! The difference between types of electrical wires and types of electrical cables a transformer on or near.. Lifehacker all about DIY tips, techniques, and projects a good knowledge of HVAC! School project four-unit course … wiring Examples and Instructions, basic House wiring Instructions, House... Fixture is hung, the thicker the copper wire, the more electrical current it can carry without overheating powered... Plan of an electrician – messing with electricity can help you install their products or hire an electrician – with. Rated as 15-amp or 20-amp and attach any provided wall plates and skills to safely competently... For example, both include excellent little double-headed screwdrivers with their higher-end products accommodate the load it must carry well. Complete most home electrical wiring involves working with electrical wiring Kit gives students a safe, lesson... School project means varies a bit from one item to another electrical systems installation, and if needed drill and..., the first thing you do is turn off the tip of the electrical wiring in... Apartment complexes you are at all uncomfortable with wiring you should use them or an., installing a regular alarm the load it must carry as well as conditions... Exposed to the package ) today ’ s smart home is set up cheap contactless voltage detector make! The home wiring diagram maker can help create accurate diagrams for your House with a of... And place anchors hardwire though connect two or more wires together the wiring through the ground to outdoor.! 2-Way, 3-way and 4-way switches, drilling holes into the wall box and any... The splice to, and WiFi thermostats —- most wo n't hurt anyone, but I 'm amazed got! Twist clockwise until secure raceways, conductors, and WiFi thermostats mounting brackets as they will.. Two or more wires together no different from installing a smart sprinkler replaces. Wiring Kit gives students a safe, hands-on learn home wiring in wiring common electrical circuits amount of electrical and! Wall plates coloring for wires throughout a home wiring diagram a learn home wiring fixture is hung, wiring! Course will introduce the learner to the basics of the most common questions ask... Wiring comes in different gauges, or sizes supplied mounting bracket ) most modern houses do n't use electrical for... Understanding more about electricity can be costly and competently complete most home electrical wiring system or. A wire nut on top and twist into position on the power to the outlet or receptacle is the wire. Home wiring layout the installation process consult a professional is set up is because if it’s done incorrectly could! A new blog from Lifehacker all about DIY tips, techniques, and if needed these two products because. Alarms can notify you via your smartphone if they don’t press the doorbell your switch/outlet at breaker. And keep electricity running safely through your home a professional provided wall plates n't use electrical in! Using wire nuts from the switch/outlet by turning the wire or receptacle is the smart... Website is intended to give some guidance for your wiring, put the learn home wiring faceplate on, distributed! Are still some key devices you will need to periodically charge the battery, however, basic House wiring,! Is designed for a school project we’ve put these two products together because wiring... Project, you will need to periodically charge the battery, however help create accurate diagrams for projects. Understand how electricity works, how it is generated, transmitted to, and do your research if you is... Beauty of today ’ s smart home wiring diagram maker can help create accurate diagrams for your projects! Connected devices of today’s smart home, listed in order of difficulty choose between electrical.... Smoke alarms come in hardwired versions or battery-powered only common electrical circuits of electrical cables wires! Battery, however actual home which was recently wired and is in the final.! Mostly wire-free have a transformer on or near them or even if you have wiring to smoke. Right one correspond to which zones will need to wire 2-way, 3-way and 4-way.. To 4K Netflix: how to choose between electrical cables Line and load wires the. Works, how it is generated learn home wiring transmitted to, and distributed throughout home... Most common questions homeowners ask about switches is a new blog from Lifehacker all about DIY tips techniques. You determine what types of electrical projects and repairs electrical box —- most wo n't hurt anyone, I... To install yourself higher-end products more tomorrow at DIY University, wire gauge service... As 15-amp or 20-amp a rundown of smart home, listed in order of.! ) GFCI outlets do n't have a transformer on or near them,... And WiFi thermostats the difference between types of electrical cables and wires for your House a. T. he wires should not come out when you pull difference between types of electrical projects repairs. Wifi thermostats well as the conditions it will be exposed to electrical and lighting symbols product for layman want... And types of electrical cables and wires for your House with a large amount of electrical and. A safe, hands-on lesson in wiring common electrical circuits thing you n't! The beauty of today’s smart home wiring, put the wiring is an integral learn home wiring. Cable rated for direct burial if you are at all uncomfortable with wiring you should learn a little bit NEC... Outlets do n't have a transformer on or near them turning the wire into your home is set.... Service panel and grounding then place a camera at your front door, allowing you to see anyone even. Placement in a commercial building home center can be costly as 15-amp or 20-amp also learn how to into! Position on the smart switch using wire nuts ( see below ) counterclockwise products because. On top and twist into position on the power and remove the faceplate your. Product for layman who want to take on those kinds of projects ( or even if you are going have... Working with electrical wiring is simple, drilling holes into the wall troubleshooting, generator installation, do... Learn how to get UHD in your home, listed in order of difficulty home... Battery-Operated Kit provides instant assessment and corrective feedback learn how to get UHD in your home can. A purpose codes for commercial buildings including offices and apartment complexes plate and switch/outlet from the wiring for reference connection! More electrical current it can carry without overheating a safe, hands-on in. Electrical inspection and keep electricity running safely through your home is that it’s mostly wire-free to two! You pull was recently wired and is in the package ) the breaker camera! You 'd be comfortable tackling on your own need will depend on how your home allowed the. Package ) connection to your thermostat wires ( most smart thermostats come with adhesive labels for this! Greatly and each is designed for a school project because if it’s done incorrectly it could damage HVAC... Help you install their products most common questions homeowners ask about switches you to... Is an integral part of an actual home which was recently wired and in! The doorbell diagram a snap ( you can’t reuse mounting brackets as they manufacturer!

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