Despite the small size, Luxembourg has three official languages which are French, German, and Luxembourgish. The vocabulary contains many German and French loanwords. It is not surprising that 98% of the citizens can speak French, 80% English, 78% German and 70% Luxembourgish. Euro. 2015, she was awarded the Marie Curie Individual Fellowship grant on the subject of Tangible User Interfaces. Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 55.8%, Portuguese 15.7%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 12.1%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 3.1%, Italian 2.9%, English 2.1%, other 8.4% (2011 est.) LL7 adds support, aside the existing 5 languages of LL5, for 2 additional languages, i.e., Farsi and Arabic. German and French are primarily used for administrative purposes and official written communication while Luxembourgish is used in everyday conversations. Neologisms in Luxembourgish include both entirely new words, and the attachment of new meanings to old words in everyday speech. German, bültê, âprê, Shaarel, ssistém (cf. The phonetic system also reflects the influence of German and French. The following table illustrates the support of the German language through speech technologies, machine translation, text analytics and language resources. According to an EU survey, the mother tongue of roughly 70% of Luxembourgers is Luxembourgish (or Lëtzebuergesch, as they write it). (in Flanders). It was one of the first countries in the European Union. One of these is the multilingual situation in the school system. French, Younger speakers tend to vocalize a word-final, All other positions: mid central vowel, more often slightly rounded, Lëtzebuerg ass méi schéi wéi Esch. Luxembourgish. Technically no. … Although Luxembourgish is a Germanic language in its origins (specifically a Moselle Franconian dialect), today it shouldn’t be confused with being a German dialect as opposed to its own official language. It dates back to 19th century when some of its sentences appeared in weekly journal in 1821. It is also a member of the Benelux. In fact, Luxembourgish is the only national language of the EU that does not have the official EU language status. Many sounds can be found in German or French phonetic systems, except for the eight diphthongs. Recent neologisms in Luxembourgish include:[25]. The peoples of Luxembourg and their languages reflect the grand duchy’s common interests and close historical relations with its neighbours. The “Languages of Luxembourg 7” (LL7), is an extension of “Languages of Luxembourg 5” (LL5). French. The major languages spoken in Luxembourg include Luxembourgish, French, and German. About 390,000 people speak Luxembourgish worldwide. Apart from Luxembourgish, French and German are common languages in Luxembourg. The Languages of Luxembourg. So why does Luxembourg not take the initiative to claim the status as an official EU language? The three most spoken and official languages in Luxembourg are Luxembourgish, French and German. Language courses in Luxembourg will help you take full advantage when living in the Grand Duchy, whether it’s for a few months, a few years, or for a lifetime. In fact, they are recognized as official languages. Luxembourg has three official languages. META-NET White Paper Series: Europe’s Languages in the Digital Age. The following table illustrates the support of the French language through speech technologies, machine translation, text analytics and language resources. A language profile for Luxembourgish. Where does it explain this in Wikipedia? Luxembourgish is part of the Indo-European language family and is defined as a West Central Germanic language and part of the High German languages. This seems simple at first: Germans speak German, the French speak French, so, therefore, Luxembourgers speak Luxembourgish. All three are established as official administrative languages of the country, although Luxembourgish is the national language. or Voor wat? To apply for Luxembourgish nationality you need to sit through a Luxembourgish test. It is also a SOV language with the verb at the second position in a main sentence and at the last position in a subordinate clause. The standard German has only three diphthongs. Many citizens grow up bi- or trilingual and every pupil has to learn these three languages and English in school. The three official languages are Luxembourgish, German, and French. German. Luxembourgish is an essential requirement in nearly 45% of the vacancies advertised. More detailed information about the languages can be found on the NNC sides for: France and Germany. Luxembourgish belongs to the West-Germanic Languages and is part of the Moselle-Franconian dialect. For the people of Luxembourg, see, The area where Luxembourgish (pale indigo) and other dialects of, Note that the letter ⟨é⟩ today represents the same sound as ⟨ë⟩ before ⟨ch⟩. The LaF (Lëtzebuergesch als Friemsprooch – Luxembourgish as a Foreign Language) is a set of four language proficiency certifications for Luxembourgish and follows the ALTE framework of language examination standards. There are three official languages: German, French, and Lëtzebuergesch (Luxembourgish). Luxembourgish (local language name: Lëtzebuergesch [ˈ l ə ts ə bu ə j əʃ], French name: Luxembourgeois, German name: Luxemburgisch) is a small West-Germanic language mainly spoken in the multilingual speech community of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, where it is one of the three official languages alongside German and French. Joseph Mariani, Patrick Paroubek, Gil Francopoulo, Aurélien Max, François Yvon, and Pierre Zweigenbaum. Die Deutsche Sprache im digitalen Zeitalter – The German Language in the Digital Age. We offer the following courses: Tailor made individual Luxembourgish courses - general language - all levels - possibility of monthly invoicing based on the number of hours taken each month. Furthermore, there exist little Luxembourgish speaking communities in the US, Canada and Transilvania. Her research interests focus on Human Computer Interaction and Tangible User Interfaces. Note: Words spoken in sound clip do not reflect all words on this list. Schwätzt dir Däitsch/Franséisch/Englesch? Sprichst du Deutsch/Französisch/Englisch? Meanwhile, Luxembourg also has a language of its own, Luxembourgish. ... Official languages. Luxembourgish, French and German are the official languages of Luxembourg. By contrast, Gaelic, also a language with relatively few speakers, already became an official language of the EU in 2007. The Luxembourgish language is quite similar to German in term of grammar and syntax. English is the fourth most spoken language in Luxembourg. Georg Rehm and Hans Uszkoreit (series editors). The latest project (2013-2016) is about the standardization of the German language in Luxembourg. The three most spoken and official languages in Luxembourg are Luxembourgish, French and German. La langue française à l’ Ère du numérique – The French Language in the Digital Age. (Also called Lëtzebuergesch), it is the national, administrative and judicial language of Luxembourg since its establishment by the "Languages Law" in 1984 (The official portal of the Grand Duchy of luxembourg, 2015).Simply, it is a blend of Dutch, old German, and French elements. Get a detailed look at the language, from population to dialects and usage. Everybody in Luxembourg can address the administration in any of the three languages and get answered in the sam… Even though Luxembourgish is one of the High German languages, over 50,000 Luxembourgish words originated from French. In Luxembourg, Luxembourgish is recognised as the national language, although French is used in all official business. The inflectional system is expressed with the determiners of the nouns or pronouns. 1. c = [s] before e or i, [k] elsewhere 2. ch = [ʃ] after e, [x] elsewhere 3. e = [œ] before ch or g at the end of a word 4. g = [ʃ] at the end of words before e,[ʒ] in some French loan words, [g] elsewhere 5. Luxembourgish became an official language not until 1984, because the standardisation of the writing system took place till the middle of the 20. century. On average, 2.2 languages are used. Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London, 2012. (2003). Since 2010, she is a guest lecturer at the Master of Multilingual Web Design at the UFR des Langues & Sciences Humaines Appliquees, University of Strasbourg. 10. or Waarvoor? Around half of the country's 550,000 inhabitants are foreign nationals, while some 350,000 more workers commute into Luxembourg from neighboring countries on a daily basis. ... yes it ís the first thing I came up with and no Luxembourgish didn't cross my mind. But on further examination, it gets a little more tricky, as there’s no agreement on whether Luxembourgish should even be considered a separate language. Dimitra Anastasiou published 40 articles or conference proceedings since she accomplished her PhD 2008. Towards the Primary Platform for Language Technologies in Europe. "), gutt, besser, am beschten ("good, better, best"), vill, méi, am meeschten ("much, more, most"), wéineg, manner, am mannsten ("few, fewer, fewest"), the finite verb in second position in declarative clauses and, the finite verb in first position in yes/no questions and finite imperatives, the finite verb in final position in subordinate clauses, infinitival clauses (e.g., used as imperatives). Luxembourg is a point of contact between the Germanic- and Romance-language communities of Europe, and three languages are regularly employed in the grand duchy itself: Luxembourgish, German, and French. Full text of this META-NET White Paper (PDF) The National Institute of Languages is a key player in the languages learning process in Luxembourg. Luxembourgish has several regional small dialects which differ in vocabularies and phonetics. The most recent neologisms come from the English language in the fields of telecommunications, computer science, and the Internet. Availability of Tools and Resources for Luxembourgish, French and German, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Luxembourgish-language, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luxembourgish, https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association/article/luxembourgish/3C9FB295A261FD6F28D694252B06B4A3/core-reader, https://luxembourg.public.lu/en/society-and-culture/languages/introduction-letzebuergesch.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moselle_Franconian_language, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology. To some extent there are compounds consisting of german and french parts like “buschauffeur”. Between 2000 and 2002, Luxembourgish linguist Jérôme Lulling compiled a lexical database of 125,000-word forms as the basis for the first Luxembourgish spellchecker (Projet C.ORT.IN.A). These are French, German and Luxembourgish. The “Languages of Luxembourg” project is a web-based language learning tool that allows language learners to simultaneously study/learn either 5 or 7 languages (Luxembourgish, French, German, Portuguese, English, Arabic and Persian). Moving to Luxembourg is like moving into a multi-lingual melting pot. At the University of Luxembourg, there is the Institut de langue et de littératures luxembourgeoises (Institute of Luxembourgish language and literature), which had, until 2014, projects on lexicography and phraseology. Luxembourg' s education system focuses especially on German and French as taught languages, as well as vehicular languages (lingua franca).As for written Luxembourgish, it is taught during the first cycle of fundamental education and, to a lesser extent, as part of secondary education. The "Centre for Luxembourg Studies" at the University of Sheffield was founded in 1995 on the initiative of Professor Gerald Newton. The morphosyntax of Luxembourgish resembles the German morphosyntax. recent expressions, used mainly by teenagers: Schanen, François and Lulling, Jérôme. It is supported by the government of Luxembourg which funds an endowed chair in Luxembourg Studies at the university. It is a small country in land area. Former currency. Can you guess these facts about the country of Luxembourg? Can you guess these facts about the country of Luxembourg? The first class of students to study the language outside of the country as undergraduate students began their studies at the 'Centre for Luxembourg Studies' at Sheffield in the academic year 2011–2012. The three official language of Luxembourg are French, German and Luxembourgish: a Franconian language specific to the local population which is partially mutually intelligible with the neighboring High German, but which also includes more than 5,000 words of French origin. Higher education in Luxembourg tends to be delivered bilingually. Furthermore, the genitive has to be circumscribed with a dative declined noun and a possessive determiner, because Luxembourgish has only three casus: nominative, dative and accusative. [27] For an annual very moderate cost, you can learn up to 8 languages among which: Luxembourgish, German, French, Chinese, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese, with certifications on top. There have also been some projects related to. Aljoscha Burchardt, Markus Egg, Kathrin Eichler, Brigitte Krenn, Jörn Kreutel, Annette Leßmöllmann, Georg Rehm, Manfred Stede, Hans Uszkoreit, and Martin Volk. Dr. Dimitra Anastasiou works as a Research and Technology Associate at the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology. info) It is not surprising that 98% of the citizens can speak French, 80% English, 78% German and 70% Luxembourgish. According to a 2010 study by the University of Luxembourg, French is the language most asked for in job vacancies advertised in the Grand Duchy. The Grand Duchy — population: 550,000 — has three official languages in Luxembourgish, French and German. But two petitions are pulling the country in opposite directions: One calls for Luxembourgish to become the main official language in government and the civil service, the other wants to safeguard a “multilingual state.” Luxembourg is a country in Western Europe; its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg). In 1984, Lëtzebuergesch was established as the national language of Luxembourg and adopted as one of three official languages, alongside German and French. META-NET White Paper Series: Europe’s Languages in the Digital Age. However, the question of when and how a dialect becomes a language is not a simple one to answer. The boys were born in Luxembourg, speak Luxembourgish with me at home and we keep up all the Luxembourgish traditions and go to Luxembourg to visit family. The linguistic situation in the country is characterized by the presence of a native language (Luxembourgish) and a mixture of two other languages that are spoken in the neighboring nations. Luxembourgish, Luxemburgish , Letzeburgesch (/ˌlɛts(ə)bɜːrˈɡɛʃ/ LETS(-ə)-bur-GESH or /ˈlɛts(ə)bɜːrɡɪʃ/ LETS(-ə)-bur-gish) (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuergesch), or Luxembourgian is a West Germanic language that is spoken mainly in Luxembourg. Germanic language or language variety spoken in Luxembourg, This article is about the language. The Luxembourg National Research Fund has recently reviewed its priorities. No more excuse not to fit in one of the multiple communities of Luxembourg! C, Q, X and Y appear in loan words 6. eu only appears in French loan wordsInformation provided by Jack Gill (mgill@blueyonder.co.uk) But as there are three "official" languages why aren’t the other two accepted? Sprachkenntnisse in Luxemburg Official languages in Luxembourg : Luxemburgish, French, German Sub-titling of films & TV: No An interactive visualisation of language knowledge in Europe, based on the latest Europe-wide survey of languages in Europe by the European Commission. The tests are administered by the Institut National des Langues Luxembourg.[26]. The country has three official languages. Additional information on this META-NET White Paper. Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London, 9 2012. Georg Rehm and Hans Uszkoreit (series editors). fiireje, rééjelen, shwèzt, veinejer (cf. "), Lëtzebuerg ass dee schéinsten / deen allerschéinsten / am schéinsten. ("Luxembourg is the most beautiful (of all). The ostensibly inconsistent spelling ⟨é⟩ is based on the traditional, now widely obsolete pronunciation of the sound represented by ⟨ch⟩ as a palatal, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFTrouvainGilles2009 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Permanent Council of the Luxembourguish language, http://www.sorosoro.org/le-luxembourgeois/, "Luxemburgish – definition of Luxemburgish in English from the Oxford dictionary", "Letzeburgesch – definition of Luxembourgish in English from the Oxford dictionary", "Diets, Nederlands, Nederduits, Hollands, Vlaams, Belgisch-Nederlands", "Le nombre de locuteurs du luxembourgeois revu à la hausse", Law establishing the Conseil Permanent de la Langue Luxembourgeoise (CPLL), Ammon, Ulrich - Die Stellung der deutschen Sprache in der Welt (de Gruyter Mouton), Institut national des langues – INL – Passer un examen à l'INL, Introduction à l'orthographe luxembourgeoise, "The Wiltz Dialect in a Luxembourgish Drama for Children: Analysis of the Script for "Den Zauberer vun Oz" (2005)", Conseil Permanent de la Langue Luxembourgeoise, Lëtzebuerger Online Dictionnaire (Luxembourgish Online Dictionary), dico.lu – Dictionnaire Luxembourgeois//Français, Luxogramm – Information system for the Luxembourgish grammar (University of Luxembourg, LU), Orders, decorations, and medals of Luxembourg, Langue des signes Francophone de Belgique, LSFB, languages with more than 3 million speakers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Luxembourgish&oldid=990606482, Articles needing additional references from April 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Luxembourgish-language text, ISO language articles citing sources other than Ethnologue, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Waarom? They can, therefore, be used in schools and in other public administration activities. ("Luxembourg is prettier than Esch. As a family we have been living in Rwanda, Lebanon, Luxembourg and now Washington DC, where we arrived exactly 1.5 years ago. Luxembourgish is the mother tongue of almost all Luxembourg residents, with official business being conducted in French, and the first teaching language in schools being German. Many citizens grow up bi- or trilingual and every pupil has to learn these three languages and English in school. Languages and the way they work in the education system. The Moselle-Franconian area range from some regions in the west of Germany over Luxembourg and some German-speaking communities in Belgium to the French department of Moselle. So Luxembourg has three official languages, French German and Luxembourgish, but isn’t Luxembourgish more official than the others? 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