11 The Civil War and the transformation of Nigerian politics/ P. Agbese. This gave the nation of Nigeria a bad press. In Section 4 we therefore analyse the post-civil war threats and risks. Prices of goods automatically went up and people could not afford a lot of things like they used to. It is approximated that close to three million Nigerians lost their lives as a result of the Nigerian civil war with most of them have died from diseases and hunger. The outcome of the war was (supposedly) declared “No victor, no vanquished” but the development and execution of most national policies afterwards were and have been lopsided to date. Many adults were killed and most of these people were married and probably had children who had no inkling where and how to find their parents and as a result, they became orphans. Prime Minister. One other negative effect of the Civil War, which could not have been immediately quantified, was the way it destroyed the image of the country in the eyes of the international community. What Really Do Men Want, What Do They Always Think About? An estimated 1-3 million people were … Over 1 million civilians died as an effect of the war. The Hausas and Igbos still walk on eggs around each other, the Nigerian civil war has made tribalism or ethnic rivalry chewed deeper still.The resentment felt by the Igbos whenever there is a slight evidence of domination by the Hausas and vice versa. Below are 5 things that happened as a result of the war and we pray that we never have to war in this country again. The effects of the Civil War on the Nigerian military\/ P\/ Nwolise. There were hundreds of thousands of civilians that died through starvation and there were a lot of human rights violations, both on the side of the government and on the side of the Biafran army. Accept The Nigerian Civil War, 1967-1970 (also known as the Biafran War) has been described as a ‘forgotten war’. The war ended in January 1970, the physical and psychological wound it inflicted is but healed; inter- ethnic mistrust and tension that prompted it, have rather exercarbated,than abated The military junta which seized power and ruled Nigeria since 1975 had a sense of entitlement only legitimized by active participation in the war. The effects of the Nigerian Civil war is mainly massive loss of lives and starvation during the war period, during the war, approximately close to three (3) million people including military, civilians (Both young and old) lost their lives of which majority died of hunger and diseases. The main causes of the conflict were religious, cultural, economic and ethnic … General Aguiyi Ironsi’s Failures. Despite the effort to reconstruct the nation, religious and ethnic tensions are still present in the politics of … Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Nigeria experienced the effects of such tensions during the Civil war and after the war. Majority of industrial plants stopped functioning which further led to mass unemployment and directly contributed to jobless youth who in turn started robbery and killing. As soon as the riot ended, civilians became dissatisfied with the way of life at that time and people resulted to rioting while trying to pass a message to the government thereby causing more havoc to the already unstable country. 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The Nigerian civil war has never been referred to as a revolution. Conflicts and tensions in a country may result in clashes and war. Estimates of the number of dead from fighting, disease and starvation during the 30-month civil war are estimated at … Up to three million people are estimated to have died due to the conflict, most of them from hunger and disease. May 30 2017 marks the 50th birthday of the declaration of independence of the republic of Biafra, leading up to a 30-month civil war between federal Nigerian troops and the (Igbo) secessionists. And has metamorphosed into different war genres such as religious, ethnic, regional, tribal, cultural, linguistic and many more. However reorganisation of the Nigerian forces, and the effects of a naval, land and air blockad… The Biafran War took place from July 1967 till January 1970, was an ethnic and political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed the Republic of Biafra. READ ALSO: LET IGBO PRODUCE NEXT IGP, GROUP TELLS BUHARI. For the country was divided in such a way that the North had slightly more population than the other two regions combined. In Nigeria the two coups d'etat of 1966 and the civil war of 1967-70 have had a profound effect on economic activity, and in turn The political economy of the war experience. Nigeria experienced the effects of such tensions during the Civil war and after the war. General Aguiyi Ironsi, just as the majority of the coup plotters was … Despite the effort to reconstruct the nation, religious and ethnic tensions are still present in the politics of Nigeria. Many adults were killed and most of these people were married and probably had children who had no inkling where and how to find their parents and as a result, they became orphans. The ensuing battles and well-publicized human suffering prompted international outrage and intervention. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The Biafran War took place from July 1967 till January 1970, was an ethnic and political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as the self proclaimed Republic of Biafra. The Colonial Roots of War If the coup of January 15, 1966 was the immediate cause of the civil war, its historical roots are traceable to British colonial rule. The deaths of more than a million people in Nigeria as a result of the brutal civil war which ended exactly 50 years ago are a scar on the nation's history. The war may have ended 50 years ago, but its effects are far from over. ch. On this basis the Northern Region was allocated a majority of the se… There were hundreds of thousands of civilians that died through starvation and there were a lot of human rights violations, both on the side of the government and on the side of the Biafran army. Civil wars are always remembered no matter how much a country tries to cover it with good works. WITHIN NIGERIA is an online news media that focuses on authoritative stories, investigations and major headlines that springs from National issues, Politics, Metro and Entertainment. Max Siollun ( @maxsiollun ) is a Nigerian historian and the author, most recently, of “Nigeria’s Soldiers of Fortune.” In depicting significant real-life events or cultural conflicts; “Civil Peace” is a story about the aftermath of the Nigerian civil war. It is approximated that close to three million Nigerians lost their lives as a result of the Nigerian civil war with most of them have died from diseases and hunger. Real reason US added Nigeria to blacklist on religious freedom…, US adds Nigeria to religious freedom blacklist with possible sanction. The film tells the story of two sisters trying to stay alive during the 1967-1970 Nigeria-Biafra War. The effects of the Nigerian Civil War of the latter category are: GDP and trade was smashed by the direct aftermaths ; Large streams of refugees left Nigeria ; The health condition of the nation worsened ; Dissatisfaction with life prompted riots and criminal activities ; Lawlessness became a norm of life Get this from a library! Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. -- part 4. Estimates of the number of dead from fighting, disease and starvation during the 30-month civil war are estimated at … Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu (1933–2011) from 6 July 1967 to 15 January 1970. [John Hunt Hunt, Baron; Great Britain. Biafran troops crossed the Niger River, entered the mid-western region, and launched attacks close to Lagos, the then Nigerian capital. Despite the effort to reconstruct the nation, religious and ethnic tensions are still present in the politics of Nigeria. At first Nigerian progress was slow, and failures of its larger army to invade the territory of the new republic led to a growth in worldwide support for Biafra. Bobrisky Flashes His Backside As He Twerks Up A Storm In New Video, Himba Tribe: Here Is Why They Offer Their Wives As Gift To Visitors, Positive Values Men Bring To The World, Their Families & Communities. READ ALSO: Shocking: PCNI Member Reveals How Much Boko Haram Members Earn Daily. For many years in Nigeria, the military government was in power. Refugees flee the fighting in July 1968. The Nigerian Civil War ended on January 15, 1970, with the surrender of Biafran leadership. The people of Biafra, dominated by the Igbos wanted to leave Nigeria … Unofficially, the war rages on. Some people are still lost till date and no one knows if they are still alive or d**d. As soon as the riot ended, civilians became dissatisfied with the way of life at that time and people resulted to rioting while trying to pass a message to the government thereby causing more havoc to the already unstable country. Conflicts and tensions in a country may result in clashes and war. ; Great Britain. The ECOWAS Court has ordered 10 of the third-party applicants in a proceeding relating to the payment of compensation by Nigeria over its management of the country’s civil war aftermath, to … ch. Over 1 million civilians died as an effect of the war. Causes Of Conflict. Yet it led to the birth of the NGO Doctors without Borders / Médecins sans frontières and equipped journalists with the intercultural skills they later used in their coverage of other African conflicts. All Rights Reserved. Some people are still lost till date and no one knows if they are still alive or dead. The election crisis had already infused bad blood in the various ethnic groups such as among the igbos, the Hausas and the Yorubas who nurse some hatred against one another even to the extermination of members. The effects of the Nigeria civil war can still be felt everywhere in the country at varying degrees. Your email address will not be published. Read More. This discussion emphasizes post-conflict governance, nation-building, economic management and development, allowing recommendations to be made to prevent a recurrence of conflict. F. Egwaikhide & O. Alabi. Effects of the Nigerian Civil War { Biafra Civil War } The Nigerian Civil War cost the Igbos a great deal in terms of lives, money and infrastructure. Nigeria; the problem of relief in the aftermath of the Nigerian Civil War. The tension set in motion by political activists in Nigeria eventually culminated in the outbreak of the civil war on November 6, 1967. © 2020 - Within Nigeria. The ensuing battles and well-publicized human suffering prompted international outrage and intervention. Refugees flee the fighting in July 1968. Although Nigeria has not relapsed into civil war, since 1983 peace has become increasingly threatened. The Nigerian government immediately launched a "police action", using the armed forces to retake the secessionist territory. The conflict was the result of economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions mainly between the Hausas of the north and the Igbo of the east of Nigeria. Foreign and Commonwealth Office.] One other negative effect of the Civil War, which could not have been immediately quantified, was the way it destroyed the image of the country in the eyes of the international community. 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In a democratic Nigeria neo-Biafran revival raises questions about the efficacy of official policies of re-integration. Below are 5 things that happened as a result of the civil war and we pray that we never have to war in this country again. Nigeria suffered a massacre in its civil war known as the Nigeria-Biafra war, that lasted from 6th July, 1967 – 15th January 1970. British Relief Advisory Mission to Nigeria. It is approximated that close to three million Nigerians lost their lives as a result of the Nigerian civil war with most of them have died from diseases and hunger. More than a million people were killed in Nigeria's brutal civil war, also known as the Biafran war. READ ALSO: Popular Actress, Omotola Slams Jonathan Govt. 14 Economics of the Nigerian Civil War: a historical analysis. The conflict was the result of economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions mainly between the Hausas of the north and the Igbo of the east of Nigeria. The Civil War and political change. 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Without War Biafra Will Be Actualized -Nnamdi Kanu’s Brother. Nigerian Civil War by E. WAYNE NAFZIGER* FEW events alter the socio-economic structure of a country as radically as the convulsions and displacements concomitant with war and political upheaval. 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This gave the nation of Nigeria a bad press. The three-year war may have ended in 1970, but the effects of the war linger and there are still calls being made for secession of the country's oil-rich … ch 15. It is approximated that close to three million people lost their lives as a result of the Nigerian civil war with most of them have died from diseases and hunger. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Nigerian Civil War (also known as the Biafran War, Biafran Genocide and the Nigerian-Biafran War) was a civil war in Nigeria fought between the government of Nigeria headed by General Yakubu Gowon and the secessionist state of Biafra led by late Lt. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Despite the effort to reconstruct the nation, religious and ethnic tensions are still present in the politics of Nigeria. In the Nigerian setting, necessary measures for conflict resolution extended well beyond the amnesties and reconstruction provisions available in the war’s aftermath. The story focuses on a fictional character named Jonathan Iwegbu who has an optimistic point of view of life during the aftermath of the Nigerian civil war while people who are struggling living in poverty. Nigeria experienced the effects of such tensions during the Civil war and after the war. The effects of the Civil War on the Nigerian military/ P/ Nwolise. ; Great Britain. The Biafran War took place from July 1967 till January 1970, was an ethnic and political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed the Republic of Biafra. The declaration of independence led to a civil war between the region and the rest of Nigeria, who opposed secession. ch 12 The Civil War and the reconstruction of Nigerian federalism/ R. Suberu. 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