The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world’s largest lake or a full-fledged sea. Serious concerns have been raised about the ‘drilling’ taking place in the area. a.twitter-follow { And now one of the most extraordinary Cold War flying machines ever built is about to enjoy a new lease on life. Your email address will not be published. The Caspian has for 40 to 44% of the total lake waters of the world. The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume. Disturbance to the natural environment through man-made pollutants and industrial activity has resulted in massive increases in CO2 emissions. In winter, the northern half of the sea has been known to freeze. As another sea in Russia, Caspian Sea have gas and oil field which that so rich and … Follow us on Twitter The largest lagoon in the world is situated next to the Caspian Sea. cursor: pointer; But, the northern part of the lake can be frozen during winter. Resources. At the beginning of the 20th century, around 1 million of them were in existence. It has a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,000 square miles). Sea Facts Water temperature. Its surface area is 371,000 square kilometers and the volume is 78200 cubic kilometers. The Caspian Sea, a lake with salt water, has such continental climate and is located in the dry part of the world. Site Map. Most of the world’s caviar comes from the Caspian Sea. In an area known as ‘The Caspian Depression’, the area and northern sector of the sea, there is said to be the lowest point on. There are 115 species of fish found in the lake. It is very salty because it does not connect to any other seas. As a lake, the Caspian would be the largest of its kind on the planet. Several species of animals are named after the region, like the Caspian gull, the Caspian tern, and the Caspian seal, which is the only aquatic mammal that can be found here and is endemic to the lake. margin-right: 1rem; margin: 0 1rem 0 0; As the only coast in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, the Caspian Sea is a popular destination for domestic tourists. Its volume is 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,800 cubic miles). The Caspian Sea is, by standard definition, the largest lake on Earth. Write for us | It is about the same size as California or five times the size of Lake Superior, and 1½ time the size of all the Great Lakes combined in terms of surface area but hold less wa… There are approximately 50 uninhabited islands in the Caspian Sea. ), and therefore has characteristics common to both seas and lakes. Being an iconic animal for that area, it is a key indicator of the health of this body of water, upon which thousands of … Ice usually starts being formed in November. Approximately 850 animal species and more than 500 plant species are represented in the Caspian. A number of fossils of human ancestors like Homo erectus have been recovered from the region around the Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea is enclosed on three sides by Russia, Kazakstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan.The s shore forms the n border of Iran.It has been an important trade route for centuries. line-height: 28px; This sea has no natural outlets. Use our interactive map to navigate our fascinating planet and discover many interesting and fun facts for every country…, © 2020 Planet Numbers Ltd.   This sea is 1030 kilometers long (640 miles). The Caucasus Mountains rise from the southwestern shore, and the Elburz Mountains parallel the southern coast. Much of it evaporated during hot and dry periods, and eventually the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea and the Aral Sea formed. The maximum depth is 1,025 meters (3,360 feet) and average depth 211 meters (690 feet) below the sea’s surface. Five states are located along about 4800 km of Caspian coastline. Caspian Sea facts . The Caspian seal is found only in the Caspian Sea and is the only marine mammal that lives there. vertical-align: middle; Find us on Facebook The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume.It has a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,000 square miles). The official term for this is ’endorheic’. The maximum depth is 1,025 meters (3,360 feet) and average depth 211 meters (690 feet) below the sea’s surface. Its volume is 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,800 cubic miles). https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-largest-lakes-in-the-world.html World \’s 40-44% of the lake water is … It became landlocked about 5.5 million years ago due to tectonic uplift and a fall in sea level. padding-left: 32px; The level of the Caspian has fallen and risen, often rapidly, many times over the centuries. As there is no natural evacuation of water, dams help control the levels. The Romans were the first to call it a sea because of its vastness and salty water though it has only 1/3rd salinity of that of seawater. The Caspian Sea is rich in resources. History records that it's called a sea because the Romans found it salty, especially in the southern reaches, and the name stuck. It is estimated that the Caspian sea is over 30 million years old. image: c8.alamy.com In 2003, Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan reached an agreement concerning their sectors, which covers 64 percent of the Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea is situated between bordering countries of. Therefore, the famous Beluga. At that time, the Tethys Ocean was connected to the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, according to WorldLakes.org. There are many islands scattered throughout the Caspian Sea, most of which are uninhabited by humans. } 40 Capricious Facts about the Caspian Sea The Greeks and Persians used to call the lake the the Hyrcanian Ocean. The lake was and still is known under many different names. It has a large embayment on the shore of Turkmenistan, namely Kara Bogaz Gol. The elongated sea sprawls for 1,030 kilometers (640 miles) from north to south, although its average width is only 320 kilometers (200 miles); max. a.facebook-find, The northern part of the sea freezes in the winter. mi. Facts about Black Sea 8: the ports. background-position: 0 50%; Indians used to call it Kashyap Sagar, which in Turkey is known under the name of Khazar Sea. Facts of the Caspian Sea. At its widest point, the sea reaches 435 kilometers wide (270 miles). Due to oil spills, between 3 and 5% of water in the Caspian did not evaporate at one time, despite the hot climate. The first off-shore oil well was drilled there in 1820, and today, oil and gas production are the two biggest industries in the area, followed by fishing and tourism. Privacy Policy | The Caspian receives the Volga (which supplies about 80% of its inflow), Ural, Emba, Kura, and Terek rivers, but has no outlet; There are about 130 rivers which drain water into the Caspian Sea. It is called the Kara Bogaz Gol Lagoon and is located on the eastern coast of the sea. The main prey of round goby is the Zebra mussels. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Caspian turtle, although found in neighbouring areas, is a wholly freshwater species. … It is often listed as the world's largest lake, though it is not a freshwater one. 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