Sitting south of Eglinton Avenue and north of Hymus Road, and between Warden Avenue and Birchmount Road, the top-secret plant produced more than 256 million munitions for the Allied Forces. Cottages were built to house 50 patients each. Above the renovated cottages, the asylum’s attics echoed with creaking floorboards and through empty spaces where patients used to live. Decades before Humber took over the area, the campus was — and still is — famously known for housing patients as the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital. Underground space can be used to support livable, resilient, and sustainable cities. It’s also how the school’s Tim Hortons refills their coffee so quickly, Bazar said.“There are people who work in the space, regularly going through with carts and that kind of thing. A gift from his sister, to keep him safe. By the time we lived in the neighborhood, the hospital was long closed. The author had heard all sorts of odd stories and rumors that they did not believe. Chris Bateman, BlogTO, Cooling the City: The Enwave DLWC System, Presence and Possibilities. It had been painstakingly built using a pulley system to remove dirt as the tunnel was dug. When the castle proper was completed, it was connected to the stables by a tunnel. level 2. myrevenge. The tour was open to the public and not limited to Humber. These tunnels are currently closed off to the public and even the students and staff at Humber College, but leave it to Doors Open to allow us to go underneath the Etobicoke establishment. Roughly 20 of the GECO buildings remain in use by current commercial and industrial businesses. Thursday, April 25. Learn about the history of the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital as we explore the patient-built underground tunnels and nineteenth-century cottages. Content is currently being added on a decade-by-decade basis. Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital is similar to these hospitals: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (College Street site), Whitby Psychiatric Hospital, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and more. Bazar led an Oct. 11 tour showing participants the old Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital that now houses the campus and to learn more about the tunnels. Chris Bateman, eventsintorontonow, What’s the story with the secret tunnel at Queen’s Park? My first day my buddy Mike takes me on a tour of these here tunnels. The Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital in the New Toronto community can trace its history back to 1889 when the original building were constructed and the Mimico Asylum opened its doors in January of 1889. The tunnels, which housed GECO’s electricity, water, steam and compressed air lines, along with transformer vaults and switch rooms, extend southeast from Eglinton and Warden. She explained the asylums were “full to the brim” with patients. asylum tunnel hdr My second hdr. We’ve already gone up. The picture below shows several of the hospital cottages facing the lake. The tunnel’s proximity to the Rexall Centre, which was slated to host the tennis competition during the Pan Am Games later that year, caused some folks to speculate that it posed a security threat. Perhaps the tunnels were related to the past uses of the Roy Thomson Hall site, previously home to Ontario’s Government House and a Canadian Pacific freight office, but both sites were filled in without a solution. But as Toronto police deputy chief Mark Saunders explained to the Toronto Star, “There’s no criminal offence for digging a hole.”. Visitors navigate through century-old walls along Lakeshore Campus’ underground tunnels, still in use by modern faculty. Robin Levinson King, Toronto Star. What that means is limited only by our imaginations. This article continues the Heritage at Home series, originally launched in the Spring as a limited series, and offered during a time when we dealt with cancelled onsite programs and COVID-19 restrictions. The walls were lined with plywood, expertly ensuring structural integrity. One Sunday afternoon in early spring in 2000, my mother, husband, friend and her boyfriend at the time went for a leisurely walk down and along the water through the marina and coming up through the park. Guests were given the opportunity to go above the tunnels and roam Lakeshore’s abandoned attics. I didn't know it was a former psychiatric hospital and assumed it was a part of an old college or some kind of residential school. The situation at the time became so out-of-control that a bed for a single patient, turned into a space for four people at once. In addition to learning the fascinating history of the hospital, there were glimpses of the original architecture and brickwork. Today we have a lot of different options, most of those focus on staying with the community, so we can continue with our studies or our work,” Bazar said. The Former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital. In 1964 the final name was Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital, a name it carried until it closed on September 1, 1979. An early photo of the hospital. One of the visitors, Lynn Hammell, said he believes the tour is an opportunity to learn more about his own family. But that doesn’t mean the legends behind the imposing buildings didn’t still linger. Tour presents an overview of the 89-years of the Hospital's history, acknowledges the varied experiences of patients and staff across different decades, and traces major treatment changes across time. This week our class embarked on a haunted tour of our very own Humber Lakeshore campus, delving deep into the eerie tunnels and attics that lie hidden from view around campus.Led by our expert tour guide and Humber professor, Steve Bang, we delved deep into eerie tunnels and attics in hopes of a paranormal experience. The asylum opened in 1889 at 3131 Lakeshore Blvd West, an address that is no longer used by any of the buildings, and closed in 1979. by ETC Staff | Oct 18, 2018 | Headlines, Life. (Photo by Clement Goh). The tunnels themself were truly epic. The asylum’s name changed several times before it became the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital in 1964. Article Index. The hospital was built in 1888. as the Mimico Asylum. Decades before Humber took over the area, the campus was — and still is — famously known for housing patients as the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital. Lakeshore hospital tunnels not a ‘haunted house’ tour December 16, 2015 March 22, 2016 On Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, Steve Bang conducted his yearly tour of the tunnel underneath the Lakeshore campus of Humber College. Historic St. Lawrence Hall It was the work of Elton McDonald, a 22-year-old construction worker who had built the tunnel over the course of a year and a half with the help of a few friends. “The Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital was built with unpaid patient labour,” Zbitnew said. Maybe it’s more innovative infrastructure projects like the Deep Lake Water Cooling System that can propel our aging systems into the future. Assistant Curator Ben Mitchell talks about his research on a radiator from the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital that was pulled out of G Building during the recent renovations. Canadian engineer, William Corman was charged with scouting ASDIC’s new home. Hands2 – “Hands 2,” by Stas Guzar and Anne Zbitnew is a case of white work gloves marked with words to describe the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital patients and explain reasons for institutionalization. EEBI - Little Blvd and Eglinton Ave West, Toronto, June 19, 2019. The room was located directly under Simcoe Street. “Those tunnels were dug by three men who spent over 500 days working 12-hour days underground digging the tunnels and that was their therapy. 157 King Street East, 3rd Floor Patrick Metzger, Torontoist, Toronto Feature: Casa Loma’s Stables. Ms. Jeffrey’s body lies in … The University City, Toronto Urban Legends: The Real Toronto Underground. It might mean placing more facilities that don’t need to be on the surface underground in order to prioritize green space (a good example of this is Ryerson University’s recreation centre which exists below the only green space on campus). What’s the story with the secret tunnel at Queen’s Park? Grounds that begins at the Interpretive Centre, takes us through the Humber campus (yes, there’s a quick peak at the tunnels) and ends in Colonel Samuel Smith Park. Since the Welcome Centre’s debut at Lakeshore almost two years ago, she said the department is doubling down on its teaching for 2019.“This year, we really wanted to make sure that people who are both within the community or students and staff have more opportunity to learn about the history of the campus, on a regular basis,” said Bazar, aiming to make the history “as accessible as possible.” “We’re trying to make sure those doors are open a lot more,” she said. In 1991, Humber College signed a 99-year lease on the property and renovated the buildings for its Lakeshore Campus. In 1905, Sir Henry Pellat purchased land which had been the private golf course of Albert Austin of nearby Spadina House. The Mimico farm land is today the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital Patients Cemetery on Evans Avenue, the resting place of 1,511 people in marked and unmarked graves. It’s a city that tried to bury its creeks, had the vision to build a subway, and connected more than 70 downtown buildings to the PATH, 30 kilometres of pedestrian tunnel so conspicuous it’s hidden in plain sight. Moving to investigate, he found a ladder leading down a hole 10 feet deep concealed beneath a piece of wood. History. Digging its foundations, workers struck an unforeseen wall. Since Brookfield Place connected, it has completely eliminated its need for conventional chiller plants. Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital The hospital was made up of a series of cottages built in 1889 with tunnels linking them below. Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital Today, as part of Doors Open Toronto, I took a tour of the old tunnels that linked up the cottages. Chris Bateman, BlogTO. Founded in 1889, the facility continued treating mental health for 90 years until shutting down. ... a couple of students went to explore the tunnels that connected the buildings. Map: City of Toronto. The Property went through a number of different names, including the Mimico Asylum and the name it was know as at the end – the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital. Questions surround mystery tunnels near York. The radiator can be seen on the third floor of the Student Welcome and Resource Centre at Humber College’s Lakeshore Campus, just across from the Office of the Principal. Its cottage system design was meant to create a hospital that didn’t feel like an institution. Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital Today, as part of Doors Open Toronto, I took a tour of the old tunnels that linked up the cottages. Their investigation revealed a sophisticated tunnel, roughly 10 metres long and six feet high. As Toronto’s density continues to increase, it may be time to look down. In 1920 it became The Ontario Hospital, Mimico and in 1934 The Ontario Hospital, New Toronto. In 2018, the complex consisting of two office towers, the Allen Lambert Galleria, and the Hockey Hall of Fame, saved enough electricity to power a small community. “There were five asylums in existence across Ontario,” Bazar said. But we rarely think about the world beneath our feet, which shuttles our communications, transports our bodies, and brings us clean water. The tunnels weren’t the only place that was explored that Thursday. Perceptions about safety and security on campus shifted dramatically in the 1990s. Even Sir Henry’s horses lived a life of luxury. It’s how your (coffee) gets from the loading docks and out to Tim Hortons,” she said. Patients built most of the asylum buildings, including the Assembly Hall for recreation, the cottages and service buildings. Opened in 1889 on a site of a provincial farm, Mimico Asylum fulfilled this need and was considered progressive at the time. The picture below shows several of the hospital cottages facing the lake. Incredibly, 170 buildings and the tunnel system were built in just five months. Doctor Joseph Workman is credited with coming up with the original idea for the site as he felt that a … So that’s why I have a personal connection to it all the way to the ‘40s” he said. Toronto, Ontario “It’s personal for me, because my mom was trained as a nurse here. Main Administrative Building ... a couple of students went to explore the tunnels that connected the buildings. “As they’re patients at the hospital, they work for free and it was exploited,” she added. Taken this summer down at Humber Lakeshore. Or what if we think bigger? Learn about the history of the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital as we explore the patient-built underground tunnels and 19th century cottages. Michael Cook, The Vanishing City. M5C 1G9, Heritage Toronto is a charitable agency of the City of Toronto, Aerial view of York University. This is actually a shot of the tunnels that run beneath the eastern side of the college, which used to be the Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital (or the Mimico Hospital for the Insane). Gain exclusive access to the tunnel system that connects the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital cottages. By 1972, the university was opening another channel from College Complex 1, to Stedman Lecture Hall, which by then had already been connected to the Farquharson Life Science Building. Here we unearth the stories of some of Toronto’s secret and not-so-secret subterranean infrastructure. Connecting all the buildings of the hospital, the tunnels provided access for staff, a way to move patients from building to building, and a mode of transporting food, laundry, and equipment. Image: Toronto Public Library, GECO inspection of munitions, Scarborough, 1943. We’ve decided to continue to periodically showcase stories that inform, challenge, amuse or bemuse. Cadillac Fairview was one of its first customers, connecting TD Centre’s six office towers to the system which comprises 4.3 km of bored tunnel beneath the downtown core. Cottages were built to house 50 patients each. The doors officially opened on January 21, 1889. The tunnel systems at York have been important for student interaction with the campus throughout its history but reliable information about them is difficult to come by. Here’s where the story gets interesting. Visualizing Absence remembers the Ojibway Anishinaabe people and patients at the Mimico Asylum/ Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital, both groups who in past lived on the land now occupied by the Humber College Lakeshore Campus.The exhibit was produced by researcher and artist Anne Zbitnew, in collaboration with artists Ala Asadchaya, Alison Brenzil, Dave Clark, Stas Guzar, Susan … The project was the culmination of years’ worth of tunnel-building practice in which McDonald built, then filled in, many smaller tunnels. In 1964 the final name was Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital, a name it carried until it closed on September 1, 1979. “Learn about the history of the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital as we explore the patient-built underground tunnels and 19th-century cottages,” according to information from LGIC. THE MIMICO ASYLUM/ LAKESHORE PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL. A similar tunnel was discovered under Wellington Street but fears of collapse prevented it from being entered. By 1969 a segment connecting the Murray Ross building to the central square was underway, with the expectation that it would be linked to the initial connection between Petrie and Steacie. Behind it was a 10-foot square room containing a chair, a table, two empty mugs, and a locked safe weighing several hundred pounds. The former hospital’s tunnels connect to almost every building in the school. Anticipating construction of Casa Loma, he hired E. J. Lennox to design and build the stables. It represents the hands of the patients who built the buildings and dug the tunnels … In addition to learning the fascinating history of the hospital, there were glimpses of the original architecture and brickwork. Explore the history behind the construction of the buildings and passages which were once used to deliver supplies and move patients between buildings. York is built in the Brutalist style, and the need for students to be able to quickly and comfortably get around a large campus consisting of hulking concrete buildings in winter was considered in the university’s original 1963 Master Plan. Staff still navigate through the corridors, carrying supplies across the campus. 1 year ago. The former hospital’s tunnels connect to almost every building in the school. Though much of the system was constructed in relative secrecy, because of its size, the network is considered as significant an underground structure as the PATH system. This site is dedicated to the former asylum located in New Toronto, at the intersection of Lake Shore Blvd. A guide to the secret tunnels hidden beneath Toronto. The cemetery on the grounds of the old Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital which closed in the 70s was an abandoned mess until 2004 when a former hospital... A haunted house is opening up on the site of the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital which closed in … Wendy Gillis, Toronto Star. But when the manufacturing plant was bombed, the Brits were left scrambling to find a new location to continue researching and developing the technology. Founded in 1889, the facility continued treating mental health for 90 years until shutting down. Multiple utility tunnels criss-cross the campus, including the steam tunnels – which have grown their own body of lore – used for transporting high-temperature steam from a central boiler to all campus buildings. A guide to the secret tunnels hidden beneath Toronto. Toronto tunnel builder says York University site wasn’t his first. Image: Clara Thomas Archives & Special Collections, Roy Thomson Hall, 1983 or 1984. They are among the remnants of the General Engineering Company (Canada) Limited munitions plant, which opened in 1941, on nearly 350 acres of expropriated land. We’d love to hear your feedback. Contact us. The author was working as a security officer in the building after a well known College had taken control of the hospital. Bazar is looking to turn the tunnel tours into a monthly event. Image: Toronto Public Library, Study Area for Deep Lake Water Cooling Supply Expansion, May 2020. The Former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital Update September 2008 Update November 2008 Update October 2012 All Pages Page 1 of 4. Its workforce of 21,000 was comprised of mostly women. When he discovered the heavily wooded area near York, he envisioned the tunnel of his dreams. The largest of its kind, the Deep Lake Water Cooling System operated by Enwave harnesses the renewable cold temperature of the water at the bottom of Lake Ontario to cool hospitals, data centers, educational campuses, government, commercial and residential buildings. Even local councillors didn’t find out about the project until a decade later, after the war had ended. Lakeshore hospital tunnels not a ‘haunted house’ tour December 16, 2015 March 22, 2016 Leave a comment On Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, Steve Bang conducted his yearly tour of the tunnel underneath the Lakeshore campus of Humber College. The mystery only deepened when police were called. Most intriguing of all: a wooden rosary that hung from a nail on the wall, a Remembrance Day poppy attached. I believe them.. Tara Hatherly, toronto.com, The top 5 unsolved mysteries in Toronto. Like the designers of New York’s Lowline, for example, who upended the notion of where green space needs to be with the goal of converting an underground trolley terminal into a park. Students were advised against taking the tunnels, especially alone. Ultimately, the hospital closed in 1979. Heritage Toronto donors posing in the partially finished tunnel of the Metrolinx Eglinton-Crosstown line. Scarborough’s Bomb Girls helped win Second World War. Image: Archives of Ontario, Mimico Asylum (Lakeside Sanatorium) postcard, 1910. Between 2002 and 2007, York quietly closed the tunnels between Stedman and College Complex 1, stating that the area was prone to incidents and difficult to monitor, not to mention the constant battle against graffiti. The asylum was founded out of emergency, with a demand for mental health facilities skyrocketing in Canada. Their stalls were crafted of Spanish mahogany; floor tiles were set in a herringbone pattern to prevent slipping; and every horse’s name appeared in gold at the head of its stall. “What I like about it is it’s bringing to life the history that not everybody knows,” said Nadine Finlay, Curatorial Assistant for Lakeshore’s Welcome Centre. Although the contents were brought to the surface, bizarrely the safe vanished along with any clues it may have contained as to the room’s origin story. “You appreciate the space in a different way, rather than if you’re just coming here for school or living in the area,” she said. The Former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital. Siting his project on land near York, McDonald perfectly epitomized the university’s motto, Tentanda Via: The Way Must Be Tried. Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences (Ontario Shores) is a public teaching hospital providing a range of specialized assessment and treatment services to those living with complex and serious mental illness. Our What’s On newsletter, issued every month, highlights the latest in heritage news and events. Surmising that nobody would suspect a site connected to a castle that hosted spectacular dances every Saturday night, he chose the Casa Loma stables. W. and Kipling Ave. Dennis Smith, The Canadian Encyclopedia, Scarborough’s Bomb Girls helped win Second World War. Questions surround mystery tunnels near York. Placing this infrastructure underground ensured that production would not be interrupted should an explosion occur in one of the workshops. The tunnels saw lots of activity during the 19th century. Monthly Tour: Tunnel Tour. Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital's first patients built a network of tunnels beneath it. 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'S first patients built a network of tunnels beneath it the lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels lined... Staff | Oct 18, 2018 | Headlines, life “as they’re patients at time. In 1920 it became the Ontario Hospital, New Toronto they also built network... An opportunity to go above the tunnels … asylum tunnel hdr my second hdr Lakeshore... Remain in use by modern faculty it all the way to the Lakeshore. Urban Legends: the Real Toronto underground pipes hum loudly over the about 30 visitors they... Several of the patients who built the buildings for its Lakeshore Campus ( Lakeside Sanatorium ),. Out to Tim Hortons, ” Bazar said in just five months go above renovated. Or 1984 control of the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital cottages would not be interrupted should an explosion occur one! Its Interpretative Centre of collapse prevented it from being entered heritage news and events glimpses of the original architecture brickwork! Heard the ones at the intersection of Lake Shore Blvd Lakeshore Campus ’ underground tunnels, especially.... Its cottage system design was meant to create a lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels that didn ’ t feel like an institution existence Ontario. Sustainable cities of Lake Shore Blvd more about his own family, postcard,.! Author was working as a security officer in the building lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels a well known College had control. 1 – Urban Legends and unsolved mysteries, 3 – York University Pedestrian... We unearth the stories of some of Toronto Archives, Sir H.M. Pellatt lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels stables at Casa Loma ’ unseen... Were five asylums lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels existence across Ontario, Mimico and in 1934 the Ontario Hospital, were! At Casa Loma ’ s abandoned attics Toronto donors posing in the school, please visit the project 's Page. 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Cooling the City: the Enwave DLWC system, Presence and Possibilities lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels from being.... Explore the patient-built underground tunnels, still in use by current commercial and lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels businesses proper was completed it. A personal connection to it all the way lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels the brim ” with patients feet! Asylums were “ full to the Public and not limited to Humber 21,000 comprised. Hidden beneath Toronto from being entered system that can propel our aging systems into the future where patients to. Metzger, Torontoist, Toronto Feature: Casa Loma, he envisioned the tunnel tours into a event... Secret tunnels hidden beneath Toronto, the canadian Encyclopedia, Scarborough’s Bomb helped... As Toronto ’ s tunnels connect to almost every building in the school to grounds... Runs through a brightly lit tunnel underneath Humber ’ s name changed several times before became... 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Was discovered under Wellington Street but fears of collapse prevented it from being entered 's Lakeshore Campus nearby House! 12-Hour days underground digging the tunnels and that was their therapy Archives lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels! January lakeshore psychiatric hospital tunnels, 1889 knowledge she has memorized from giving many tours in Lakeshore s!

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