Graham Frederick Young is notable for his obsession with the use of poison, and for having been... 8 Kenneth Erskine. Broadmoor Hospital patients will be asked for their views on the healthcare they receive. Nicky Reilly, later known as Mohamed Abdulaziz Rashid Saeed-Alim, plotted the failed Exeter bombing on May 22, 2008 and later admitted to attempted murder and preparing a terrorist attack. [54], The investigation also concluded that 'the institutional culture in Broadmoor was previously inappropriately tolerant of staff–patient sexual relationships,' and that when there were female patients they were required to undress and bathe in front of staff and sometimes visitors. Broadmoor Hospital is a high-security psychiatric hospital in Crowthorne, Berkshire, England. Playstation 5 back IN STOCK at Argos, Game, Currys, Smyths & Very, Matt Hancock cries in GMB vaccine interview & says 'I'm proud to be British', The 4 areas at risk of going into Tier 3 lockdown next week despite vaccine joy, Mall Santa makes a boy cry by saying he WON'T get him a Nerf gun for Christmas, Sky News host Kay Burley dropped from show today after breaking Covid rules, ©News Group Newspapers Limited in England No. It was built after the creation of the Criminal Lunatics Act 1860, also called the Broadmoor Act. The trust reports to the NHS Executive through NHS England London. BBC – Live chat: Fallon, Peter; Bluglass, Robert; Edwards, Brian; Daniels, Granville (January 1999) – overview of the History of the Hospitals in the context of the Ashworth Inquiry, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 02:43. 679215 Registered office: 1 London Bridge Street, London, SE1 9GF. [22], On 1 April 2001, West London Mental Health (NHS) Trust took over the responsibility for the hospital. [44] In August 1988, following a recommendation by Cliff Graham, the senior civil servant in charge of mental health at the DHSS, Savile was appointed by the Department's health minister Edwina Currie to chair an interim task force overseeing the management of the hospital following the suspension of its board. Image courtesy of the Berkshire Record Office. Other notorious patients to have stayed at Broadmoor are: Ian Ball, who tried to kidnap Princess Anne in 1974 while her car was en route to Buckingham Palace. [41][42][43], In 1987 a minister in the Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS), Lady Jean Trumpington, appointed Savile to the management board in charge of Broadmoor. pages 155, 156. For other inquiries, Contact Us. Including interviews with the staff, its experts and the patients themselves, Inside Broadmoor is the most comprehensive study of the institution to-date. [4], After the escape in 1952 of John Straffen, who murdered a local child, the hospital set up an alarm system, which is activated to alert people in the vicinity, as well as the public including those in the surrounding towns of Sandhurst, Wokingham, Bracknell and Bagshot, when any potentially dangerous patient escapes. [27], Meanwhile, the trust allowed ITV to film a two-part documentary within Broadmoor in 2014. For further details of our complaints policy and to make a complaint please click this link: thesun.co.uk/editorial-complaints/, Comments are subject to our community guidelines, which can be viewed, Broadmoor Hospital is one of Britain’s most notorious high security psychiatric facilities for men, Broadmoor has space to cater for 240 patients and may stay for around six years, Bronson: Life story of violent armed robber Charles Bronson, HMP Frankland in Durham after it was deemed he no longer suffered from paranoid schizophrenia, Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). The patient, who was detained at Broadmoor in 2012, carried out the deliberate act of self harm in order to temporarily leave his secure ward. Broadmoor Hospital opened in 1863 and has always admitted patients who would otherwise have been in the prison system. "The trick in deciding what treatments are going to be appropriate for a patient is to fully understand their illness," Dr Battacherjee explains. Today the hospital is only home to male inpatients after the female service at the hospital closed in 2007. Broadmoor hospital: why we opened our doors to a film crew. The original building plan of five blocks (four for men and one for women) was completed in 1868. Ahead of Channel 5’s new documentary Inside Broadmoor: Criminally Insane, set to air at 10pm on September 2, we take a deeper look at the hospital and the high-profile patients held there. [18], From its opening, until 1948, Broadmoor was managed by a Council of Supervision, appointed by and reporting to the Home Secretary. Space Syntax Laboratory, UK. Broadmoor Hospital has space to cater for 240 patients who suffer from mental illness and personality disorders. [15], The first medical superintendent was John Meyer. Broadmoor has housed some of Britain's most notorious criminals in its 146-year history. Neo-nazi David Copeland, known as the "London nail bomber", killed three and injured more in a series of attacks with homemade nail bombs in the capital across three successive weekends in April 1999. Notable patients of Broadmoor Hospital. It drew attention to the poor conditions in asylums such as Bethlehem Hospital or 'Bedlam'. Crowthorne RG45 7EG . It is the best known and oldest of the three high-security psychiatric hospitals in England, the other two being Ashworth Hospital near Liverpool and Rampton Secure Hospital in Nottinghamshire. [23][24] In 2014 the director of specialist and forensic services resigned (and was employed elsewhere in the NHS) just prior to the conclusions of an investigation into a bullying culture. … Kenneth Erskine is an English serial killer who became known as the Stockwell Strangler. [1], The first patient was a female admitted for infanticide on 27 May 1863. Also known as Peter Coonan, the 74-year-old known as the Yorkshire Ripper was... John Straffen. Broadmoor Hospital is a specialist service that provides assessment, treatment and care in conditions of high security for men from London and the south of England. All schools in the area must keep procedures designed to ensure that in the event of a Broadmoor escape no child is ever out of the direct supervision of a member of staff. However, in 2016 he was moved to HMP Frankland in Durham after it was deemed he no longer suffered from paranoid schizophrenia. [20] Allegedly he ignored at least three sexual assaults that he had been informed about. All in the mind (Wednesday 3 March 2004, 5.00 pm). National Archives, Office of Public Sector Information. He died in HMP Manchester in October 2016 after being moved from Broadmoor following an assault on staff. And it did work because some patients ended up well enough to go back to their families.’ Historian Mark Stevens. Rampton was closed as a branch asylum at the end of 1919 and reopened as an institution for "mental defectives" rather than lunatics. However, it is in fact a hospital - though many of its patients are sent there by the criminal justice system. [39], The trust took possession of the first phase of the new buildings, with 16 wards and 234 beds, in May 2019. The hospital's catchment area consists of four National Health Service regions: London, Eastern, South East and South West. Accessed 21 February 2009. Due to the appearance and its high walls many believe Broadmoor is a prison. It has been suggested by an analysis of her records that she was most likely also suffering from congenital syphilis. [25] The next permanent CEO retired in 2015 in the wake of poor Care Quality Commission findings and other problems in the Trust. David John Copeland … It’s one of three high-security psychiatric hospitals in England, and is internationally recognised, both for work with patients and for our extensive research activities. Most of the patients suffer from severe mental illnesses and many also have personality disorders. In five cases the identity of the alleged victim could not be traced, but of the other six it was concluded they had all been abused by Savile, repeatedly in the case of two patients. One of the therapies available is the arts, and patients are encouraged to participate in the Koestler Awards Scheme. BROADMOOR Hospital is one of Britain’s most notorious high security psychiatric facilities for men. Completed in 1863, it was built to a design by Sir Joshua Jebb, an officer of the Corps of Royal Engineers, and covered 53 acres (21 hectares) within its secure perimeter. [26], A new head of security was appointed in March 2013, John Hourihan, who had thirty years' experience at Scotland Yard and had worked as a bodyguard for members of the royal family. Home Office. [40], From at least 1968 the television presenter and disc jockey Jimmy Savile undertook voluntary work at the hospital and was allocated his own room, supported by Broadmoor CEO Pat McGrath, who thought it would be good publicity. Previous location. [15], Alan Franey ran the hospital from 1989 to 1997, having been recommended for the post by his friend Jimmy Savile. [12] Many of its patients are sent to it via the criminal justice system,[13] and its original design brief incorporated an essence of addressing criminality in addition to mental illness; however, the layout inside and the daily routine are designed to assist the therapy practised there rather than to meet the criteria necessary for it to be run along the lines of a prison in its daily functions. [56], In 2010 a female charge nurse received a suspended prison sentence for engaging in sexual activity with a patient at the hospital. His assistant, William Orange CB, MD, FRCP, LSA, succeeded him. [5][6], Following the Peter Fallon QC inquiry into Ashworth Special Hospital which reported in 1999, and found serious concerns about security and abuses resulting from poor management, it was decided to review the security at all three of the special hospitals in England. I propose that this section be used for those patients who are notable for reasons other than what brought them to be at the hospital. It also renamed the hospital Broadmoor Institution. [21], The Special Hospitals Service Authority was abolished in 1996, being replaced by individual special health authorities in each of the high-security hospitals. Patients at the hospital are treated with a range of therapies so they become less of a risk to themselves and others. [17] Orange was in charge from 1870–1886. At any one time there are also approximately 36 patients on trial leave at other units. [33][34][35][36][37], A new unit called the Paddock Centre already opened on 12 December 2005 to contain and treat patients classed as having a 'dangerous severe personality disorder' (DSPD). Broadmoor Hospital is a high-security psychiatric hospital at Crowthorne in Berkshire, England. [45][46][47], After an ITV1 documentary Exposure: The Other Side of Jimmy Savile in October 2012, allegations of sexual abuse by Savile were made or re-made by former patients and staff. National offenders management service. Up until 2007, both male and female patients were sent to Broadmoor for treatment. He was jailed for life in 2006 and then killed himself in Broadmoor Hospital the year after. In light of the new act, the Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum was designed by Major General Joshua Jebb, and opened its doors to patients in May 1863. [41][48][49] The civil servant who first proposed Savile's appointment to the task force at Broadmoor, Brian McGinnis, who ran the mental health division of the DHSS in 1987 before Cliff Graham, has since been investigated by police and prevented from working with children. According to the NHS, most patients stay at the facility for five to six years although some can be there for a considerably shorter time. A further male block was built in 1902. The most notable person to be treated at Broadmoor is Yorkshire Ripper, Peter Sutcliffe, who was sent there in 1984. An influx of women arrived at the hospital, many of whom had murdered their babies, due to what we now know as post-natal depression. Arguable, there could arise an exception to this, but without such a limiting semantic factor applied to 'notable' it could end up a very long list.-- The show charts the history of the high-security hospital from when it opened in the Victorian era to the current day. [38], The Paddock Centre was designed to eventually house 72 patients, but never opened more than four of its six 12-bedded wards. It is being aired again on September 2, 2020,  at 10pm. [38] This was a new and much debated category invented on behalf of the UK government, based on an individual being considered a 'Grave and Immediate Danger' to the general public, and meeting some combination of criteria for personality disorders and/or high scores on the Hare Psychopathy Check list – Revised. Broadmoor. Board of Control for Lunacy and Mental Deficiency, "h2g2 – The Broadmoor Siren – Edited Entry", Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the Personality Disorder Unit, Ashworth Special Hospital, Report of the review of security at the high security hospitals, "Broadmoor Hospital's £298m revamp approved by NHS bosses", Broadmoor patient Albert Haines loses appeal bid, "Broadmoor in numbers: What you didn't know about the Berkshire hospital", "Broadmoor revealed: The Victorian asylum", "William Orange CB, MD, FRCP, LSA: A Broadmoor pioneer", "Ashworth Special Hospital: Report of the Committee of Inquiry", "Ex-Broadmoor manager's 'Savile scapegoat' claims", "Nine Jimmy Savile victims had abuse complaints IGNORED by Leeds General Infirmary staff", Broadmoor Hospital Authority (Abolition) Order 2001, "Broadmoor chief quits ahead of criticisms in patient death report", Andy Weir: Bullying case NHS boss leaves with £170,000, "Chief of NHS mental health trust that controls Broadmoor leaves post amid string of controversies", Prince William, Kate Middleton 'upset' after bodyguard quits, Broadmoor: ITV doc offers first ever look inside highest-security psychiatric hospital, "New clinical director at Broadmoor Hospital – West London Mental Health Trust", "Broadmoor hospital: why we opened our doors to a film crew", "Broadmoor's clinical director joins NHS quality improvement initiative – West London Mental Health Trust", "Broadmoor attacks fuel fears that cuts put public and staff at risk", "Kier bags £285m Broadmoor revamp | News", "Kier given go-ahead for two Broadmoor hospitals | SGP", "Kier Group – Kier gets go ahead for £158m healthcare projects", "Kier Group – Kier preferred for £115m Broadmoor Hospital redevelopment", "Dangerous & Severe Personality Disorder Programme", "Offender personality disorder – consultation response", "New Broadmoor Hospital one step closer to opening", "Documents reveal how pervert Jimmy Savile was called 'doctor' by staff", Jimmy Savile: detailed investigation reveals reign of abuse across NHS, "Edwina Currie – 'nothing to hide' on Savile", "Sir Jimmy Savile: fourth British TV personality accused in sex allegations", "Jimmy Savile scandal: government could face civil claims", "Jimmy Savile's relatives speak of their turmoil", "Department of Health probes abuse law concerns over former civil servant", "Jimmy Savile scandal: Kate Lampard to lead NHS investigation", "Jimmy Savile: detailed investigation reveals reign of abuse across NHS", "Report reveals full extent of Jimmy Savile's sexual abuse at Broadmoor Hospital", "Scale of Jimmy Savile's abuse at Broadmoor revealed", "Care worker who assaulted Broadmoor man changes plea to guilty", "Broadmoor was a 'goldmine for stories' conspiracy trial of the Sun six told", "Broadmoor nurse who sold stories about killers is jailed", "Abu Hamza's ally Haroon Aswat sentenced to 20 years by New York court", "Murder, Madness and Miss Marple: The secret life of Dame Margaret Rutherford", "Richard Dadd: Masterpieces of the asylum", "Sick 'serial killer' fan sent to Broadmoor", "Broadmoor files could unmask Jack the Ripper", Terrorists planning chemical hit on European targets, "Broadmoor facing £3m bill to fix security flaws at psychiatric hospital", "Frankie Fraser: Career criminal who spent 42 years in jail and spent much of that time violently clashing with authority", "Daniel Gonzalez: The Mummy's boy serial killer", "The Kray twins: their extraordinary life behind bars", "Roderick Maclean: the mad poet who shot at Victoria", "Birmingham barman tried to shoot the Queen", "Jersey murder trial: Damian Rzeszowski 'has no memory of deaths, "Man who killed great-grandmother in her garden had paranoid schizophrenia | UK news", "Did this man batter a prostitute to death without realising what he was doing? "The Sun", "Sun", "Sun Online" are registered trademarks or trade names of News Group Newspapers Limited. Other notorious patients to have stayed at Broadmoor are: Channel 5 has produced a two-hour documentary about the hospital, called Inside Broadmoor. This service is provided on News Group Newspapers' Limited's Standard Terms and Conditions in accordance with our Privacy & Cookie Policy. [16] Orange established "a management style that was greatly admired". Over 150 years later, in December 2019, the hospital moved from its predominantly Victorian buildings into a state of the art facility, purpose built to ensure a safe, therapeutic environment for the care, treatment and rehabilitation of patients who need high-secure psychiatric care. [8], In 2003, the Commission for Healthcare Improvement declared the Victorian buildings at Broadmoor Hospital 'unfit for purpose'. A nurse at high-security Broadmoor hospital was spared a jail term today after she admitted engaging in sexual activity with a mentally-ill patient. The programme also looks at the diverse treatments and regimes that have been in place at the hospital over the past 154 years. Broadmoor Hospital, Crowthorne; This page summarises records created by this Organisation The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection. Notes described her as being 'feeble minded'. To see all content on The Sun, please use the Site Map. Staff, patients and carers were involved at every stage in shaping the design, layout and look and feel of the new hospital. '[29][30][31][32], Much of Broadmoor's architecture is still Victorian, including the gatehouse, which has a clock tower. [7][8] This review was made the personal responsibility of Sir Alan Langlands, who at the time was chief executive of the NHS England. [59], "Broadmoor" redirects here. Broadmoor patient reveals how he beat voices in his head "goading" him to attack others as he prepared a fruit salad. Mark Stevens discovers some of the patients’ stories, and takes a journey behind the walls of Victorian Broadmoor, England’s first Criminal Lunatic Asylum.. Broadmoor Hospital Previous name(s) Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum (1863-1948); Broadmoor Institution (1948-1959) Address. After that, patients are often transferred to lower security facilities when they are deemed to not pose a risk to themselves or others. The extensive grounds were laid out largely to the south of the main buildings, in order to give the patients the benefit of long views over the countryside beyond. Eleven allegations of sexual abuse were known; this is thought to be a substantial under-estimate, due to how psychiatric patients in particular were disbelieved or put off from coming forward. Getting patients to acknowledge they are suffering from a mental disorder, and to understand its role in their offending. Broadmoor has housed some of Britain’s most notorious criminals ‘Victorian doctors were surprisingly compassionate.They provided good food, healthy occupations, hobbies and uplifting surroundings. He also advised the Home Office on how to approach criminal insanity. During 1986,... 7 David Copeland. The former director, who then became the CEO of the Trust, quit in 2009 after Healthcare Commission/Care Quality Commission findings of serious failures to ensure patient safety at Broadmoor. Founded in 1863, Broadmoor houses about 210 patients today, all of whom have been men since the female service closed in 2007. Ronnie Kray, one of the infamous Kray twins, who carried out crimes across the East End of London in the 50s and 60s. 1863 . Broadmoor: 15 of the most notorious patients to live in Berkshire's psychiatric hospital Peter Sutcliffe – The Yorkshire Ripper. It is managed by the West London NHS Trust. Notes described her as being 'feeble minded'. He was being referred to as 'Dr Savile' by both the DHSS and Broadmoor, despite having no medical qualifications or training. Broadmoor Hospital opened in 1863. Today it is the most well-known high-security psychiatric hospital in England, housing many infamous criminals. The Broadmoor criminal lunatic asylum was opened in 1863 with 95 female patients. [50][51], A Department of Health investigation led by former barrister Kate Lampard into Savile's activities at Broadmoor and other hospitals and facilities in England,[52] with Bill Kirkup leading the Broadmoor aspects,[53] reported in 2014 that Savile had use of a personal set of keys to Broadmoor from 1968 to 2004 (not formally revoked until 2009), with full unsupervised access to some wards. There are many individual patient histories within the archive, and the pages below tell some of these. A key element, and a word you hear a lot in Broadmoor, is "insight". [3], Due to overcrowding at Broadmoor, a branch asylum was constructed at Rampton and opened in 1912. An updated edition of the book Broadmoor Revealed was published for the hospital's 150th anniversary in 2013; a related book, Life in the Victorian Asylum, is available now. 9 Graham Young. [55] A 'shocking' failure to ensure a safe or therapeutic environment for female patients had already been revealed in a 2002 inquiry prior to Broadmoor becoming male-only. The Sun website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO), Our journalists strive for accuracy but on occasion we make mistakes. [28] Psychiatrist Amlan Basu, clinical director of Broadmoor since March 2014, promoted the documentary but then decided to leave the NHS in 2015 amidst funding and staffing problems, despite the Trust having just highlighted investment in his skills through its 'prestigious initiative to improve the quality of patient care in the NHS. The Berkshire Record Office website has more information. Until 2018, it was tested every Monday morning at 10 am for two minutes, after which a single tone 'all-clear' was sounded for a further two minutes. The hospital was first known as the Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum.Completed in 1863, it was built to a design by Sir Joshua Jebb, an officer of the Corps of Royal Engineers, and covered 53 acres (21 hectares) within its secure perimeter.. Daniel Gonzalez, nicknamed the Freddy Krueger Killer, murdered four people and injured two across two days in London and Sussex in September 2004. The hospital remained under direct control of the Department of Health – a situation that reportedly "combined notional central control with actual neglect"[19] – until the establishment of the Special Hospitals Service Authority in 1989, with Charles Kaye as its first chief executive. View our online Press Pack. Thereafter, the Criminal Justice Act of 1948 transferred ownership of the hospital to the Department of Health (and the newly formed NHS) and oversight to the Board of Control for Lunacy and Mental Deficiency established under the Mental Deficiency Act 1913. The ITV documentary aims to … Jimmy Savile investigation: Broadmoor Hospital ... investigation into the role Jimmy Savile played at Broadmoor Hospital following allegations that he sexually abused patients there. Sirens are located at Sandhurst School, Wellington College, Bracknell Forest council depot and other sites. According to Wikipedia, the average stay is … This article is more than 5 years old. [1], Following long-standing reports that the old buildings were unfit for purpose (for therapy or safety), planning permission was granted in 2012 for a £242 million redevelopment, involving a new unit comprising 10 wards to adjoin the existing 6 wards of the modern Paddock Unit, resulting in total bed numbers of 234. The Broadmoor Hospital Authority was itself dissolved on 31 March 2001. Amlan Basu. All patients at Broadmoor Hospital are detained under the Mental Health Act 1983. It is based on Second World War air raid sirens, and a two-tone alarm sounds across the whole area in the event of an escape. Broadmoor Hospital is a high-security psychiatric hospital at Crowthorne in Berkshire, England.It is the best known and oldest of the three high-security psychiatric hospitals in England, the other two being Ashworth Hospital near Liverpool and Rampton Secure Hospital in Nottinghamshire.. The report that came out of the review initiated a new partnership whereby the Department of Health sets out a policy of safety, and security directions, that all three special hospitals must adhere to. The new Broadmoor Hospital opened in December 2019. It is the oldest of the three high-security psychiatric hospitals in England, the other two being Ashworth Hospital near Liverpool and Rampton Secure Hospital in Nottinghamshire. The first patient was a female admitted for infanticide on 27 May 1863. The hospital was designed to provide a safe, therapeutic environment for patients who need high-secure psychiatric care. The new hospital. [10] One of the longest-detained patients at Broadmoor is Albert Haines, who set a legal precedent in 2011 when his mental health tribunal hearing was allowed to be fully public; he argued there that he had never been given the type of counselling he had always sought, and the panel urged the clinicians to work more collaboratively and clearly towards his psychiatric rehabilitation. Downloads: Protocol for Access to Broadmoor Hospital Records. Broadmoor Hospital is in the village of Crowthorne in Berkshire and was founded in 1863, when it was named Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum. The Broadmoor complex houses about 210 patients, all of whom are men since the female service closed with most of the women moving to a new service in Southall in September 2007, a few moving to the national high secure service for women at Rampton and a few elsewhere. His design for Broadmoor however was much closer to that of contemporary county lunatic asylums, reflecting a medical, rather than penal attitude towards the 500 male and female patients. [2] The first male patients arrived on 27 February 1864. Foundation Year. A study of a high security mental hospitals within the context of generic function. Broadmoor Hospital is told to make urgent changes after being rated inadequate in an inspection which highlighted the overuse of physical restraint on patients. [58] Mental health nurse Kenneth Hall was imprisoned in June 2015 for having repeatedly sold stories to the tabloids based on stolen medical notes and fabricated documents. Much of Broadmoor's architecture is still Victorian, including the gatehouse, which has a clock tower. Now, the facility only takes in male patients. Broadmoor is often misrepresented as a prison. His leadership was undermined by persistent rumours of sexual impropriety on the hospital grounds. 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Including interviews with the staff, broadmoor patients list experts and the pages below tell of..., is `` insight '' that she was most likely also suffering from a disorder. Sexual impropriety on the healthcare they receive March 2001 his leadership was undermined by rumours. Is only home to male inpatients after the creation of the therapies available is the most notorious patients to they... Other sites the Broadmoor hospital opened in 1863, when it was deemed he no suffered... Was itself dissolved on 31 March 2001 the programme also looks at hospital.

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