Most species of floating plants tend to grow extremely quickly. The beautiful red and green leaves grow on the water surface, sending out long, dark red roots that dangle down to absorb nutrients from the water column. When grown at the surface, Crystalwort doesn’t send down roots or put out shoots, so needs very little maintenance. In tanks that house species of fish that like to dig in the substrate, floating aquarium plants are the perfect solution. Note: the Sunset Hygro will need an iron supplement in order to retain its red colouration! The plant is also popular as an aquarium plant where it’s used to cover the water surface. Azolla grows wild in North America, ranging down to Central America, where it is also known as Water Velvet and Carolina Mosquito fern. I find surface plants to be much lower-maintenance than those that are anchored in the substrate. European frog-bit can free-float, or extend its roots up to 20 inches long in shallow water. If you want the plant to grow into a bushier shape, simply prune it by cutting between the leaf nodes using aquascaping scissors. These plants can significantly increase the overall quality of the water in your tank. As previously mentioned, many floating plants grow rapidly, and you must take that into account if you have a very small tank. Although Water Lettuce is reasonably hardy, you do need to provide it with a fairly humid environment if it’s to thrive. Hornwort is another very common plant that can be found in most pet stores. It traps small aquatic invertebrates in its whorls arranged around a central stem. But don’t be alarmed! Fertilizers tend not to be needed and there's no need for substrate as it anchors to rocks and wood. However, fast-growing plants generally cover the water surface very quickly, and those with long, trailing roots can clog up the water with amazing rapidity. It's another common plant found in most fish stores. Technically a moss, this plant is low maintenance and should be kept in freshwater tanks. It's a perfect plant for beginners and those without much time. It can be planted in shaded areas and areas with moderate light. In the aquarium, Ludwigia repens is a beautiful and versatile plant. It does well in low light, but will grow more quickly given more light. It’s best to avoid this plant if you have goldfish, silver dollars, or snails, all of which will make a meal of the delicate Water Wisteria plant. Although floating plants are pretty easy to care for, there are a couple of important things to know. In fact, it can be easily grown in aquariums with little light. What are the fastest growing aquarium plants? In aquariums, however, it's known as a classic plant, growing quick enough to become established yet not too quick as to overrun a tank. To say that Duckweed is easy to grow is an understatement! Duckweed is commonly seen growing wild in slow-moving waters in most countries around the world, except in extremely cold climates. Another basic plant to grow, Rotala Indica has round leaves and long stem. It's very easy to grow much like Java Fern and is also very resilient. Can be found in still waters of swamps, ponds, lakes, and in … The variations have been added as they too are also acceptable to use with only one or two special exceptions. Also, some varieties of floating plants grow on land, too, primarily as shoreline plants in certain habitats. This is, however, a list of most of my personal favorites, with others added either due to their uniqueness or their ease of growth. Like most other stemmed plants Bacopa's propagation is easy, cut the stem below the leaves and replant. So, do be careful what species of surface plants you choose, and be prepared to thin out the plants regularly. It is a very good plant for a nano shrimp tank because it grows very dense that provi… This budget clearly doesn't suit most aquarists. That prevents the leaves of plants, such as Water Lettuce, from dehydrating and turning brown. Hornwort is a piece of flora that holds a special place in my aquariums, it's a British native species and I have a good amount of this in my native British aquarium. Java Fern is a very easy plant to keep, it can be kept with most fish because it's evolved a bit of a nasty taste to fish. To say that Duckweed is easy to grow is an understatement! When you buy via the links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no cost to you. Also, the shelter that a canopy of foliage provides will be welcomed by shy fish and fry. However, I should point out that as the stems grow taller, the lower leaves drop off, as they are shaded by the foliage above. LED Aquarium Lighting: 11 Great Fixtures for Freshwater, Planted and Reef Tanks. 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