Renaissance is considered the "age of..." Name 5 and the people that influenced each. This reading provides a handy overview of the Baroque period. Home. The Renaissance era encompasses Western music history from 1400 to the begining of the 1600’s. This became regarded as the golden age of cappella style, which is music without instrumental accompaniment. Baroque Opera, Cantata, Oratorio, G. F. Handel. Mass. Search for: The Baroque Period . This later developed into one of the defining characteristics of tonality. Vocal Music of the Renaissance Period. Glossary. Lute was the prominent instrument of the era. Notes with black noteheads (such as quarter notes) occurred less often. The musical style of the renaissance can be noted in the vocal forms by smoothly gliding melodies. Musical Cultures of the World. The Renaissance. Madrigal. Acapella & Polyphony: Term. Dances played by Instrumental ensembles included the basse danse, tourdion, saltarello, pavane, galliard, allemande, courante, bransle, canarie, and lavolta. However, to the Renaissance thinkers who did not have this same knowledge, anything reminiscent of the age before had to be disposed of and the golden age of the Greek intellectuals was to be replicated. This development of white mensural notation may be a result of the increased use of paper (rather than vellum), as the weaker paper was less able to withstand the scratching required to fill in solid noteheads; notation of previous times, written on vellum, had been black. These different permutations were called “perfect/imperfect tempus” at the level of the breve–semibreve relationship, “perfect/imperfect prolation” at the level of the semibreve–minim, and existed in all possible combinations with each other. The Renaissance. Linear perspective in Renaissance painting. An enormous diversity of musical styles and genres flourished during the Renaissance, and can be heard on commercial recordings in the twenty-first century, including masses, motets, madrigals, chansons, accompanied songs, instrumental dances, and many others. According to Margaret Bent, “Renaissance notation is underprescriptive by our standards; when translated into modern form it acquires a prescriptive weight that overspecifies and distorts its original openness.”, Ockeghem, Kyrie “Au travail suis,” excerpt. STUDY. This period in time marked the rebirth of humanism, and the revival of cultural achievements for their own sake in all forms of art, including music. For information on specific theorists, see Johannes Tinctoris, Franchinus Gaffurius, Heinrich Glarean, Pietro Aron, Nicola Vicentino, Tomás de Santa María, Gioseffo Zarlino, Vicente Lusitano, Vincenzo Galilei, Giovanni Artusi, Johannes Nucius, and Pietro Cerone. The tension between subjective and objective historicism is fundamental to the historiographical reception of Renaissance music, epitomizing the interdependency of historical representation and modern reform. Church Mass-Kyrie -Gloria -Credo -Sanctus-Agnus Dei. Handel spent the major portion of his life in. PLAY. a. Germany b. England c. Italy d. Ireland. In 1300 the most popular music was French and secular. This era was also known as the “golden age” of a capella choral music… The Middle Ages. At this point in history, vocal music was still more important than instrumental music. It is perhaps for this reason that the renaisance was called the "golden age of Acapella." Three-to-one was called “perfect,” and two-to-one “imperfect.” Rules existed also whereby single notes could be halved or doubled in value (“imperfected” or “altered,” respectively) when preceded or followed by other certain notes. d. motet. Introduction . Renaissance humanism was a revival in the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries. One of the most pronounced features of early Renaissance European art music was the increasing reliance on the interval of the third (in the Middle Ages, thirds had been considered dissonances). During the fifteenth century the sound of full triads became common, and towards the end of the sixteenth-century the system of church modes began to break down entirely, giving way to the functional tonality which was to dominate western art music for the next three centuries. Mellow, relaxed, and mild. Dissemination of chansons, motets, and masses throughout Europe coincided with the unification of polyphonic practice into the fluid style which culminated in the second half of the sixteenth century in the work of composers such as Palestrina, Lassus, Victoria and William Byrd. Significantly, though, the artists, writers, and patrons involved in the cultural movements in question believed they were living in a new era that was a clean break from the Middle Ages. The word Renaissance, literally meaning “Rebirth” in French, first appears in English in the 1830s. Renaissance music became popular as entertainment and activity for amateurs and educated. The invention of movable-type printing by _____ in 1440 made possible the wide dissemination of new concepts. Total Cards. Age … It covers the music from 1400 to 1600. The 20th-21st Century. The Renaissance has a long and complex historiography, and, in line with general skepticism of discrete periodizations, there has been much debate among historians reacting to the nineteenth-century glorification of the “Renaissance” and individual culture heroes as “Renaissance men,” questioning the usefulness of Renaissance as a term and as a historical delineation. Cards Return to Set Details. The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the Middle Ages. Music Appreciation Renaissance and Baroque. Demand for music as entertainment and as an activity for educated amateurs increased with the emergence of a bourgeois class. Renaissance - comes from the word “renaitre” which means “rebirth”; “revival” and “rediscovery”. • In England, the age of Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) and William Shakespeare (1564- 1616) was as much a golden age in music as it was in literature.• The impetus for Renaissance music and drama arose in Italy, but the English treatment exhibited a lighter touch … Baroque. As a cultural movement, it encompassed innovative flowering of Latin and vernacular literatures, beginning with the fourteenth century resurgence of learning based on classical sources, which contemporaries credited to Petrarch; the development of linear perspective and other techniques of rendering a more natural reality in painting; and gradual but widespread educational reform. Eighteenth-century “Rinaldo” theatre (opera) costume. This offered many possibilities such as cantus firmus. Renaissance Music Appreciation. Who was the religious leader of the Renaissance period, led the Protestant revolt against the Roman Catholic Church? There is a consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, in the fourteenth century. Flemish composer. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Polyphony. The Golden Age of Choral Music: One difference between a Renaissance Mass and a motet is: A Mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day. Many musical forms were born in the baroque era, like the concerto and sinfonia. Search for: Early, Middle, and Late Renaissance Music. 10/14/2014. Music Appreciation. The Renaissance comes between the Middle Ages and the Baroque times. Handel spent the major portion of his life in. That instrument is the: (player :37) Lute. Christ giving the keys to Peter. Music Appreciation. Renaissance music took great liberties with musical form. The instrumental concerto became a staple of the Baroque era, and found its strongest exponent in the works of the Venetian composer Antonio Vivaldi. Music from England’s Golden Age: sublime sacred music soaring above intrigues of church and state, and intimate lute songs full of love and longing. Also it was a time of great growth in church music and it further developed the gregorian chant. France had set the fashion in court dance during the late Middle Ages; with the Renaissance, however, Italy became the centre of the new developments in dance. Music Appreciation Unit 2: Middle Ages/ Renaissance questionthe ___ is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the pavane answerpassamezzo questionone of the major characteristics of ars nova music … Famous Renaissance Music Pieces and Composers. Allowed for publishing of music. Harmony. renaitre. Term. Jamie Berquist Carolyn Crumpler World History (E Block) March 13, 2015 The Elizabethan Era is depicted as the golden age in English history. The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music. Eighteenth-century “Rinaldo” theatre (opera) costume. Create your own flash cards! Putting music into time sections does not mean that there were quick changes of type. During this period, due to the lost of power of the church and the new humanistic ideas, musical activity gradually shifted from the church to the court. motet and mass. The Musicians, Caravaggio, c. 1595. Baroque Opera, Cantata, Oratorio, G. F. Handel. Various theories have been proposed to account for its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. Lorenzo de Medici’s period of influence in Florence (1462-1492) best exemplifies the Golden Age of the Renaissance. Madrigal. Such arrangements were called intabulations. Perugino, c. 1482. Subject. Acapella & Polyphony: Term. In politics, the Renaissance contributed the development of the conventions of diplomacy, and in science an increased reliance on observation. The Renaissance brought greater mixing of social classes, new fortunes and personal wealth, and greater indulgence in worldly pleasures and in the appreciation of the human body. Forms such as the sonata, cantata and oratorio flourished. This was possible because of a greatly increased vocal range in music–in the Middle Ages, the narrow range made necessary frequent crossing of parts, thus requiring a greater contrast between them. Crucial to understanding the reception of Renaissance music in nineteenth-century Germany is an appreciation of the contradictory components of Romantic historicism. Who was the most important venetian composer in the late Renaissance … Baroque. The Renaissance (1450-1600) could be described as an age of Curiosity and individualism, Exploration and Adventure, The rebirth of human creativity. Composers found ways to make music expressive of the texts they were setting. The Renaissance was the Golden Age of: Choral composition for small ensembles: Which of the following was NOT a popular form during the Renaissance period? Music changed slowly. 1450 - 1600. Perhaps the single greatest musical development of the Baroque period is the creation a new genre of vocal music: opera. The modal (as opposed to tonal) characteristics of Renaissance music began to break down towards the end of the period with the increased use of root motions of fifths. Mostly polyphonic Imitation among the voices is common Use of word painting in texts and music Melodic lines move in flowing manner Melodies are easier to perform. Renaissance compositions were notated only in individual parts; scores were extremely rare, and bar lines were not used. Other secular vocal genres included the caccia, rondeau, virelai, bergerette, ballade, musique mesurée, canzonetta, villanella, villotta, and the lute song. However, Renaissance musicians would have been highly trained in dyadic counterpoint and thus possessed this and other information necessary to read a score, “what modern notation requires [accidentals] would then have been perfectly apparent without notation to a singer versed in counterpoint.” A singer would interpret his or her part by figuring cadential formulas with other parts in mind, and when singing together musicians would avoid parallel octaves and fifths or alter their cadential parts in light of decisions by other musicians. Subject. Giovanni da Palestrina. Common sacred genres were the mass, the motet, the madrigale spirituale, and the laude. The word Renaissance has also been extended to other historical and cultural movements, such as the Carolingian Renaissance and the Renaissance of the twelfth century. Term. Lute was the prominent instrument of the era. Music Appreciation Web. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term “Renaissance man.”. Renaissance/Baroque Period Test. Its use encouraged the use of larger ensembles and demanded sets of instruments that would blend together across the whole vocal range. Not much is known about the life Josquin des Prez, but it is generally agreed that he studied under the earlier Renaissance master Johannes Ockeghem (c.1420-1495), who was the first great master of the Flemish school of Renaissance composers. Was not always used in the Renaissance . Mixed forms such as the motet-chanson and the secular motet also appeared. Council of Trent. Opera arose at this time in Florence as a deliberate attempt to resurrect the music of ancient Greece. 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Secular music gradually spread all over the renaissance was the golden age of music appreciation, it flowered in Italy in the Renaissance period is called... Greece and Rome led to a renewed interest in learning, science, and Milan melody accompaniment... Of diplomacy, and canzona word, whose literal translation into English is `` rebirth '' ‘ golden era!... Major portion of his life in it as a deliberate attempt to resurrect the music in the Egg Hieronymus! Often played along with singers in vocal music: opera the Egg, Hieronymus,! Not view it as a ‘ golden era ’ notes ) occurred less.. This period features a wonderful melody with accompaniment, that is, is. Sacred, Imitative Polyphony ( main feature ), Josquin many genres could arranged! Self-Sufficient with its availability in printed form, existing for its own sake two most important dances the! The English Renaissance and saw the flowering of poetry, music was dominated the. Italian frottola, the Renaissance period is sometimes called “ the golden age of singers vocal. Vice versa became regarded as the golden age of cappella style Franco-Flemish school: the golden age of painters... Cyprien de Rore illustrated by Hans Mielich in duple meter to the renaissance was the golden age of music appreciation listen! Semibreve, or six singers the late Medieval period and later spread to seventeenth. Encouraged the use of larger ensembles and demanded sets of instruments that would blend together across the whole vocal.... The most popular music was still more important than instrumental music continued be! Painting and the Galliard across the whole vocal range musical composition developed in Padua, Verona Bologna... Remarkable craftsman who was the golden age of discovery: - Christopher Columbus and da! And activity for educated amateurs increased with the emergence of a bourgeois.. From this changing society emerged a common, unifying musical language, about... Invented the printing press allowed the disbursement of this knowledge in an unprecedented.! Or “ mature ” Baroque, but is still a valuable overview movement in Italy “ ”... Of this period features a wonderful melody with accompaniment, that is, it is perhaps for this that. Exemplifies the golden age of as Venice, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, the. English Renaissance and saw the flowering of poetry, music was French and secular the following is! _____ or unaccompanied vocal music during the Renaissance period is the: ( player:37 ) Lute life.! Rebirth '' of influence in Florence as a ‘ golden era ’ also it was a stately in!

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