Other uses of these chemical compounds include; 12. For a more in-depth look at the wide variety of petrochemicals and their uses, see here. It's important to note that the biggest concern about fossil fuel use is from combustion, turning these hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide and water. The following list is a summary of some of the most common uses of petrochemicals: 1. Naphtha is created during the distillation process, and is heavier than gasoline. Alberta and Texas are close to the same size, see a comparison here: Map Fight, Texas vs. Alberta (Accessed July 20th, 2015). [2] Petrochemicals are used to manufacture thousands of different products that people use daily, including plastics, medicines, cosmetics, furniture, appliances, electronics, solar power panels, and wind turbines.[3]. One common misconception is that large plastic pieces are floating around in this area, when in reality the majority of the waste has broken down into nurdles, which leaves the water looking cloudy and murky. As a result, manufacturers have opted to use Plexiglas instead of glass in cares, aquariums, airplanes, and other household appliances. Nonetheless, the most common use of dyes includes writing in ball-point pens. Food. Also, synthetic rubber is considerably cheaper to produce and is used in terrace coverings and roof construction. Petrochemicals can be roughly divided into olefins (compounds with a carbon-carbon double bond) and aromatics (aromatic hydrocarbons). This patch is estimated to be twice the area of Alberta[7] (or twice the size of Texas for Americans[9]). Industrial application of soluble solutions includes glues (toluene, ethyl acetate, and various acetones), cement (trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene), thinner (petroleum distillates, benzene, acetone, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene) and paint removers commonly known as varnish (acetone, toluene, benzene, methylene chloride. It creates a healing environment for wounds, making it a household necessity. However, synthetic rubber can be made to resemble natural rubber. A huge health concern with petroleum products is that they can generate 1,4-dioxane, a substance known to potentially contribute to some cancers. One such notable pesticide is ‘mortein doom’ that has been used by Africans in killing mosquitoes and reducing the risk of malaria. Ethylene manufacture via the steam cracking process is … However, this material is made from petrochemical polymers. These plastics are made by using a variety of petrochemicals and provide us with a variety of goods from single-use saran wrap to components of our cars. They are essential in the chemical industry, the economy, and society because of the ever-expanding uses of this material. Thermoplastics. Hence, these chemical substances enable governments to construct durable and long-lasting roads. Kevlar is used in bulletproof vests, parachutes and in composite materials used in aircrafts and boats. [4] Other important petrochemicals include:[5]. Synthetic fibres 8. Hydrocarbons in manufacturing and transportation 2. Forms of petrochemicals have been used in the cosmetic industry for a more significant effect. Washing chemicals are derivatives of petrochemicals. Although plastics are used extensively, there are concerns with the sheer volume of plastics being used and disposed of in particular. However, production is typically carried out in refineries, where there is physical and chemical change done to the hydrocarbons. Plexiglas is a form of petrochemicals used in place of glass, This material substance is more robust, flexible and cheaper to process than glass. However, they have similar effects that are consistent with alcohol and other anesthetics. The same chemical compound is found in herbicides and some fertilizers. 99% of all plastics are created from oil and natural gas, with most being manufactured using naphtha feedstock. Herbs not only affect land space allocated of farming crops, but they also compete with the latter for water, food, sunlight, and humidity. Dyes are very familiar petrochemical products of having various colors particularly the color of the ink used in the pens [12]. Propane is used in airplanes and hot air balloons because it is light and highly combustible. If these nurdles are then ingested, these toxins can then harm the animal. These waste plastics can wind up in landfills or oceans and these small pellets can be easily transported. They are used as food additives to enhance the tenure of freshness. 6. Oils reduce the amount of friction that arises from the engine’s operational activities. They can easily be manipulated if they are melted or molded several times. The pr… Paraffinic oil makes it difficult for insects to breath because it creates an impenetrable layer. Agriculture, from plastics and pesticides to fertilizers 5. Some chemicals, like paint strippers that use methylene chloride, can even cause heart failure and sudden death. 17. [7] Instead, plastic photodegrades into small bits of plastic known as mermaid tears or nurdles - shown in Figure 2 - that can absorb toxic chemicals. They include phenoxy-herbicides, chlorinated aliphatic acids, chlorinated benzoic acids, phenolic acids, and substituted dinitroaniliness all of which stem from petrochemicals. Some petrochemicals have been known to act as preservatives, which increase the longevity of food so that they can be enjoyed regardless of the storage or location at any point in time. For example, the plastic manufacturing is capturing the carbon in an inert form (the plastic) and not releasing it to the atmosphere. There are more than 50,000 processing units in organized and unorganized sector (around 33,500 are in organized segment) having 1,53,500 Plastics processing machines for producing a diverse range of plastic products. Phenol and Cumene are used to create a substance that is essential for manufacturing penicillin (an … The plastics PE and PP as well as Butadiene rubber are obtained from olefins such as ethylene and propylene. For instance, asphalt is the main binder for gravel, which later forms asphalt concrete. Colors come in many colors. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'allusesof_com-banner-1','ezslot_12',105,'0','0'])); An insecticide is a chemical used to control and kill unwanted insects. In addition to the lack of biodegradability and long life, there are several health and environmental effects that can be connected to the disposal of plastics. 9. Fertilizers like pesticides are used to protect crops from any sort of damage and increase crop production. Preservatives in food or use in food packaging 4. Petrochemicals are a major threat to workers, too. your username. More and more commercial products manufactured from oil contain solvents such as thinners, glues, degreasers, kerosene among others. The industrial revolution has been characterized by the massive application of oil and oil-based materials. Ethane, propane, butane and other hydrocarbon fuels are an essential part in the feedstock. However, several kinds of plastic differ because of their structure and applications. It has been of great importance since the industrial revolution up to date. It is used today in ropes, parachutes, guitar strings, and bridal veils. It’s easy to take them for granted, just like many of the other things that we can’t see with our naked eye. These products have a mass application in farming, as well. The annual consumption of virgin grade polymers for the year 2017-18 was 15.9 Million Tonnes. The following are uses of petrochemicals in our daily lives. It is expected to reach 24 Million Ton by 2022-23 and 35 Million Ton by 2027-28. Petrochemicals have numerous applications in today’s world. Paints and coa… Yet in the background of our daily lives is an industry dedicated to the complex processes of extracting and converting them into the products we love. Like the other chemical compounds mentioned above, synthetic rubber is derived from petrochemical polymers. Some petrochemicals are used in construction. They are commonly packaged in the form of liquid, powder, or flakes. Petrochemicals are chemicals that are extracted from natural gas and petroleum. First, the chemicals added to plastics can be absorbed by human bodies, and some of these compounds have been found to alter hormones and have other potential health effects. Some chemical compounds made from petroleum are also obtained from other fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, or renewable sources such as maize, palm fruit or sugar cane. (June 15, 2015). Natural gas liquids and naphtha that is created from crude oil during the refining process are used as feedstocks to manufacture a wide variety of petrochemicals. Herbicides are an integral part of modern-day agricultural production. Furthermore, the industry continues to innovate through new technology and the ability to process different types of raw materials. 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