The A plain dotted with lakes, moors, marshes, and heaths retreats from the sea and reaches inland, where it becomes a landscape of hills crisscrossed by streams, rivers, and valleys. The country is located in the Western part of Europe. Vogelsburg (774 meters). Related articles: . One of these Jura ranges forms the Black Forest, whose highest peak is the Feldberg at 1,493 meters, and, continuing north, the less elevated Odenwald and Spessart hills. At the lake's west end, it begins a long course (800 kilometers) to the Netherlands, at first marking the boundary between Germany and Switzerland and later that between Germany and long journey to the Black Sea. at very low tides and are crossed by innumerable channels varying in size from those cut by small creeks to those serving as the estuaries of the Elbe and Weser rivers. [CDATA[ (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); // ]]> As of the mid-1990s, about 37 percent of the country’s area was arable; 17 percent consisted of meadows and pastures; 30 percent was forests and woodlands; and 16 percent was devoted to other uses. Up to hilly area to the south of the Moselle is the Hunsr�ck; the one to its north is the Eifel. Germany boasts many lakes, the largest of which is Lake Constance, lying on the German/Swiss border. Because of the low elevations of its valleys (200 to 350 meters), the Uplands of Hesse provide an easily traveled passageway through the Central German Uplands. STUDY. Several smaller mountain ranges move through central Germany along with woodlands and the Thuringian Forest. located between Lake Constance and the Lech River. Germany's uplands are generally moderate in height and seldom reach elevations above 1,100 meters. Surrounded by nine countries from Denmark in the north to Austria in the south east, Germany is divided into 16 states called ‘lander’, each with distinctive cultures. In the south Germany impinges on the outermost ranges of the Alps. border countries (9): Austria 801 km, Belgium 133 km, Czech Republic 704 km, Denmark 140 km, France 418 km, Luxembourg 128 km, Netherlands 575 km, Poland 467 km, Switzerland 348 km, Maritime claims: The North Sea portion of the coastline is devoid of cliffs and has wide expanses of sand, marsh, and mud flats (Watten ). Other B�rden are located near Frankfurt am Main, northern Baden-W�rttemberg, and in an area to the north of Ulm and Munich. beginning west of the Rhine near the Ruhr Valley and extending eastward and into the Leipzig Basin. Location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. Rhine, are also an offshoot of the Jura Mountains. The Rhine-Main Plain is densely populated, and Frankfurt am Main, at its center, serves both as Germany's financial capital and as a major European transportation hub. The country spans the great east-west morphological zones that are characteristic of the western part of central Europe. At its widest, Germany measures approximately 650 kilometers from the Belgian … The Rhine, Germany's longest and most important river, originates in Switzerland, from where it flows into Lake Constance (actually a river basin). Because the areas with loess soil also have a moderate Climate In Germany, List of Universities in Germany - Education in Germany, Prinzregententorte – Bavarian Layered Chocolate Cake. The Central German Uplands are Germany's portion of the Central European Uplands; they extend from the Massif Central in France to Poland and the Czech Republic. Roughly the size of Montana and situated even farther north, unified Germany has an area of 356,959 square kilometers. After a close vote, in 1993 the Bundestag, the lower house of Germany's parliament, voted to transfer the capital from Bonn in the west to Berlin, a city-state agricultural land: 48% As of the mid-1990s, about 37 percent of the country's area was arable; 17 percent consisted of meadows and pastures; 30 percent was forests and woodlands; and 16 percent was devoted to other uses. Germany is located in the Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. levels; barren moors cover higher elevations. Geography :: Germany Location : This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Five Themes of Geography. There are also several glacial lakes in the plains of Berlin, such as Muritz Lake. The geography of Germany and its advantages for expanding your business. On October 3rd, 2010, Germany celebrated the 20th anniversary of East and West Germany reunification. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. The loess and loam soils of From there it extends across the Alpine Foreland (Alpenvorland), the plain on the northern edge of the Alps. Of the Rhine's three most important tributaries, the Moselle River drains parts of the Rheinish Uplands, the Main drains areas between the Central German Uplands and the Franconian Alb, and the Neckar River drains the area between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alb. The southern boundaries of the region of Southern Germany are formed by extensions of the Jura Mountains of France and Switzerland. 1,000 meters in height and approximately forty kilometers wide, the two albs form a long arc--400 kilometers long--from the southern end of the Black Forest to near Bayreuth and the hills of the Frankenwald region, which is part of the Central German Uplands. The territory of the former East Germany (divided into five new Länder in 1990) accounts for almost one-third of united Germany’s territory and one-fifth of its population. Rhine-Westphalia are located in this region. arable land 34.1%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 13.3% The Harz are still largely forested at lower Because these rivers keep the Rhine high during the winter Discover the beauty hidden in the maps. German Geography. These Today, Germany's government is considered a federal republic. other: 20.2% (2011 est. Germany. This is especially true of the areas that contain a very fertile siltlike loess soil, better than most German soils. Berlin is located in northeastern Germany in an area of low-lying marshy woodlands with a mainly flat topography. In an exception to the south-north pattern of major rivers, the Danube River rises in the Black Forest and flows in a southeasterly direction, traversing Bavaria before crossing into Austria at Passau on the The wall would remain in place until 1989, wen it was finally removed. Maphill is more than just a map gallery. More quiz info >> First submitted: May 10, 2019: Times taken: 7,763: Rating: 4.24: Quiz and answer stats >> Start Quiz . The mud flats between the The Federal Republic of Germany is the largest country in Western Europe and the most populous, with over 83 million inhabitants. known as the Siebengebirge, across the Rhine from Bonn, and the larger hilly regions--the Siegerland, Bergishes Land, Sauerland, and the Rothaargebirge. Geographic coordinates: 51 00 N, 9 00 E. Map references: Europe. Choose from 296 different sets of germany geography flashcards on Quizlet. The Magdeburg B�rde is the best known of these areas. They were also once a part of the mainland, and a large portion of the mud flats between the islands and the coast is exposed during low tides. The mud flats between the islands and the shore are exposed Infoplease has everything you need to know about Germany. The Iller, Lech, Isar, and Inn rivers flow from the south into the Danube and drain the Alpine Foreland. The high and because melting snow in the Alps keeps it high during the spring and summer, the river generally has a high steady flow, which accounts for its being the busiest waterway in Europe. Extending 853 kilometers from its northern border with Denmark to the Alps in the south, it is the sixth … After a close vote, in 1993 the Bundestag, the lower house of Germany’s parliament, voted to transfer the capital from Bonn in the west to Berlin, a city-state in the east surrounded by the Land of Brandenburg. coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land, Land use: The Alpine Foreland makes up most of Bavaria and a good part of Baden-W�rttemberg. This page provides an overview of Germany 3D maps. This range is situated about forty kilometers to the northeast of G�ttingen and forms the northwestern boundary of the Leipzig Basin, an extension of the North German Lowland. All of the L�nder of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Bremen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Brandenburg, Berlin, most of Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, and parts of Saxony and North Germany has an area of 356,959 square kilometers. A plain dotted with lakes, moors, marshes, and heaths retreats from the sea and reaches inland, where it becomes a landscape of hills crisscrossed by streams, rivers, and valleys. Geographers often divide Germany into four distinct topographic regions: the North German Lowland; the Central German Uplands; Southern southward before joining the Rhine, most of the tributaries of these rivers flow in a west-to-east or east-to-west direction. It is situated on the Spree River, and was divided by a wall of the same name during the Cold War. Roughly the size of Montana and situated even farther north, unified Germany has an area of 356,959 square kilometers. Germany. the Rhine-Main Plain are cultivated extensively, and orchards and vineyards flourish. Blankenship, Glen; Tinkler, D. William. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Germany's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. SOURCES: Library of Congress Country Studies/Area Handbook. Germany is a history nerd’s best friend, given it has such a long and storied history in many different ways; whether it’s the country’s role in the first and second world wars, the Berlin Wall, the German language, landscape and much more, there is so much to learn about the country both past and present. 3 Some ministries remain in Bonn. The North German Lowland is a part of the Great European Plain that sweeps across Europe from the Pyrenees in France to the Ural Mountains in Russia. Germany: geography and landscape Germany’s central and southern regions have forested hills and mountains cut through by the Danube, Main and Rhine river valleys. The Rhine separates these areas from their extensions to the east, the Taunus, and, to the north, the Westerwald. It is indented by a number of small, deep fjords with steep banks, which were carved by rivers when the land was covered with glacial ice. In the west, the Central German Uplands begin with the Rheinish Uplands, a massive rectangular block of slate and shale with a gently rolling plateau of about 400 meters in elevation and peaks of about 800 to 900 meters. /* worldfacts-geography */ lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m According to the U.S. Department of State, in 1919 the Weimar Republic was... Government of Germany. The largest states by population are North Rhine-Westphalia, Bavaria, and Braden-Wurttemberg. 2 Current number of seats; statutory number is 598. The headwaters of the Weser have created a number of narrow but fertile valleys. The Bohemian Forest, with heights up to 1,450 meters, forms a natural boundary between Germany and the Czech Republic. Germany is bounded by the North Sea in the northwest and by the Baltic Sea in the northeast. At its widest, Germany measures approximately 650 kilometers from the Belgian-German border in the west to the Polish frontier in the east. This city was the former capital of East Germany. The Rhine's wide river valley here is in sharp contrast to its high narrow valley in the Rheinish Uplands. Running in a northwesterly direction, it links the Central German Uplands with the Bohemian Massif of the Czech Republic and forms the southwestern boundary of the Leipzig Basin. Some of the states are city-states such as Berlin and Hamburg. Learn germany geography with free interactive flashcards. The Baltic Sea coast of Schleswig-Holstein differs markedly from its North Sea coast. The Ore Mountains border Germany on the south, separating it from the Czech Republic. exclusive economic zone: 200 nm google_ad_height = 90; Topography: Terrain rises from northern coastal lowlands to belt of central uplands, complex and varied in form. google_ad_client = "pub-3994295485955294"; Geography of Germany. Lower temperatures with considerable snowfall in east and south. 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