Dry adult does, bucks and wethers can wind up with zinc deficiency if they get too much alfalfa. Goats do eat a lot of different forage than horses, and they are not as picky in terms of species of plants, but they do have a rumen that can be upset fairly easily if there is mold in hay. What about endophyte free fescue for bucks and wethers and mixing it with alfalfa for kids/pregnant does/milking does? Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. Your horse should never eat a first or second cutting. The Alfalfa sprouts you eat in your sandwiches are a variety of the lucerne hay you feed your horses or cattle. Now our buck is losing patches of hair, I believe from zinc deficiency from alfalfa. It is also drought resistant. Alfalfa has the highest feeding value of all common hay crops, being used less frequently as pasture. I start feeding alfalfa hay when they are about 4 months into their pregnancy . The plant superficially resembles clover(a cousin in the sam… Alfalfa (), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. we live in rural NE OK. Hi there. In a balanced rabbit food, the calcium and protein levels are formulated in the overall recipe to meet the pet’s exact nutritional requirements, therefore avoiding any associated issues with too much calcium or protein in the diet. When I got started with goats I barely knew the difference between hay and straw. I can’t believe I didn’t know about possible zinc deficiencies in my dry does and wethers if they get alfalfa hay. The name lucerne is the more commonly used name in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. I’m not a horse expert, but I think most horses do okay on grass hay. Alfalfa hay is used primarily for dairy cattle which provides an ideal combination of crude proteins, fats, sugars, fibers, as well as essential minerals. Lucerne Hay Alfalfa hay, Medicago sativa, also known as Lucerne grass, is one of the most important forage crops cultivated agriculture. A free bag would be great! For example, Grandma-T feeds Calf Manna, which sounds like it’s working for her, but that is normally only used to fatten up calves for butchering or giving to a goat that is extremely underweight, and you’ve already done a full health check to be sure that it doesn’t have a medical problem that’s causing the low weight. The main difference between Lucerne and Alfalfa is that the Lucerne is a city on Lake Lucerne, in central Switzerland and Alfalfa is a species of plant, alfalfa. Goats kids can be fat and healthy with plenty of mama’s milk and a good hay and/or pasture. Also, if you subscribe to my newsletter (or are already subscribed), you can get another entry for that. High quality alfalfa grass cattle feed seed lucerne seeds hay for sale. According to Pliny (died 79 AD), it was introduced to Greece in about 490 BC when the Persians invaded Greek territory. Leaving a comment is one way to enter the giveaway. This time Galen wants to buy round bales for fall and winter and I am afraid it will just be all junk. We’ve never had our hay tested, but someone shared five of their alfalfa tests with me. Alfalfa sprouts are a common ingredient in dishes made in South Indian cuisine. The nutritional profiles vary greatly between the legumes and the grass hays. I’m glad you find it helpful! This is usually what dairy cows eat, the protein content is too high for a horse. Goats eat differnt forage than horses? We are new to both goats and sheep and are learning quickly what they will eat or not. They really need a buddy that speaks their language. https://thriftyhomesteader.com/goat-minerals/, https://thriftyhomesteader.teachable.com/p/goats101/, https://thriftyhomesteader.com/zinc-deficiency-goats/, https://thriftyhomesteader.com/what-do-goats-eat-it-depends/. Alfalfa (), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. Regardless of whether you are buying a grass hay or a legume hay, it should be green on the inside of the bale. In general, the protein in lucerne/alfalfa is in excess of the requirement of the horse, and grass hay or oaten chaff may be just No sweet feed or grain ever. I feed Standlee’s Timothy grass pellets to my buck and alfalfa and alfalfa/timothy pellets to my pregnant does. The dried up and dead stalks are still standing in the field, so then the farmer goes back and cuts the brown stalks and bales them as straw. Don't sprout commercial lucerne seed, for eating as it will have been treated with There is often more waste as horses will sort through the hay, looking for grain or sorting through the stems. We pack them in three different types of bales that we are going to discuss below. It’s going to be hard because they all eat out of the same feeder, but I’ll figure it out. Now check your email to confirm your subscription. I mostly give my goats grass hay, as that is what I have available. But alfalfa hay is not the best for all animals. Timothy is a type of grass hay. Yes - just the same. The high-quality hay for horses ALFALFA Glenn E. Shewmaker University of Idaho Dan Undersander University of Wisconsin Laurie M.Lawrence A lfalfa is often the pre-ferred forage for horses because of its high quality, high digestibility, and good roughage value They’re one of those people who think goats can eat “anything.” Only buy round bales that have been stored inside. Every farm is different, which is why I always explain the WHY between the WHAT in my articles. I would love to try one of their products. Alfalfa hay is used primarily for dairy cattle which provides an ideal combination of crude proteins, fats, sugars, fibers, as well as essential minerals. All my goats used to get alfalfa, until I took your Goats 101 course (which I highly recommend!). Alfalfa , also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It is very cold here! It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. My two youngest goatie kids are quite skinny and I’m looking for a quality grain to supplement. You’ll have 3 days to respond if you win or we will draw another winner. The same procedure is followed by Saremco international as well. LOL. Please try again. While milk cows should have alfalfa, beef cattle should stick with grass hay. Is it normal for them to love one bag, but then barely tolerate the next? Alfalfa forage and dry feeds are being added into daily rations of young animals, breeding animals and adult animals and horses. I have a grass hay that is 17% protein, I was shocked when I got it tested but the Ca/P is 1.46. If junk is ok for the goats then that is fine, just checking if it would be fine. I have now transitioned them to bermuda grass, which is the only grass hay available in my area, and Standlee timothy grass pellets. I remember when I first started and was using hay for bedding….didn’t realize how much warmer straw was, and how much cheaper! It was a hard sell at first, but now they love it. The bales often spring open after the strings are cut and are harder to divide into flakes. The name alfalfa is used in North America. The nutrient value of the hay is also dependent on when it’s harvested—early maturity harvests will contain more of their nutrients than hay that is harvested closer to seed production. Alfalfa hay and timothy hay are both forage sources commonly used in rabbit and guinea pig diets. We use a mixture of grass hay and alfalfa. That is definitely not the case. One of the city's famous landmarks is the Chapel Bridge (German: Kapellbrücke), a wooden bridge first erected in the 14th century. The leaves are the part of highest nutritive value but can be easily lost during the hay making process. Lucerne (or Alfalfa) is different because it provides a high annual yield of around 14t DM per hectare on its own and without nitrogen fertiliser. Be sure to use your real name when leaving a comment so we can match it up with your entry in case you win. But I do occasionally buy the pelleted alfalfa hay from Standlee. Here is more on goat minerals: Standlee Forage makes hay pellets with alfalfa, timothy, and oat grass. Here is more info on zinc deficiency: Alfalfa, red clover, timothy, bermudagrass and tall fescue are all types of hay grown as feed crops for animals from horses to rabbits. Thank you for this article on alfalfa and grass hay. Sometimes, they just regard it as grass that seemed to have overgrown. It has clusters of small purple flowers followed by fruits spiralled in 2 to 3 turns containing 10–20 seeds. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. I hope you clicked on the “leave a blog comment” button in the box above because you already left a comment. Here’s an article from UC Davis about why horses should not have alfalfa. It is about the same as Timothy in nutrition. Unsubscribe at any time. If you click on the “Shop” link above, you can also order my books. I am anxiously awaiting the arrival of our to goats and find your article helpful. Although I quickly learned that hay is food and straw is bedding, I just assumed that all hay was the same. I’m a new goat mama and have been feeding the kids Standlee Alfalfa. Alfalfa has about 16 to 20 percent protein, while grass hays are only 8 to 10 percent protein. Obtaining lucerne hay with a moisture content low enough to prevent mould sporulation in storage was always a problem with the older “small square” balers. We are getting a load of grass hay tonight so hopefully he will start growing his hair back, but in the meantime I wonder if he needs a supplement? Alfalfa is native to warmer temperate climates. You may need different qualities of hay for different horses—leafy hay for weanlings, for instance, and more mature hay for adult horses that do not need such fine hay. a Rafflecopter giveaway. But actually, they are closely related to one another. Please add askdifference.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. What is lucerne mulch, and what’s the scoop on lucerne mulch benefits? The crop may be cut four or six times a year … A jugerum of it is abundantly sufficient for three horses all the year … It may be given to cattle, but new provender is at fir… To give everyone a chance to win, each person can only win once every 6 months. Alfalfa generally has the highest nutritional value of all common hay crops, particularly protein and energy, making it a great choice of feed for cattle, horses, rabbits, goats, or sheep. Alfalfa, clover, and peanut are legume hays, while timothy, oat, bermuda, and orchard are examples of grass hays. And that seems to have worked well for us. The protein levels will vary as to fertilizer and moisture conditions. With a population of approximately 82,000 people, Lucerne is the most populous town in Central Switzerland, and a nexus of economics, transportation, culture, and media in the region. Round bales can hide a lot, so you would really need to talk to the person who baled it. If you’re sitting there thinking that you’ve seen oat straw before, you may have! Alfalfa has two to three times as much calcium as grass hays. We do not implement these annoying types of ads! If so, do you recommend the pellets or the hay, as we can get Standlee either, but no local alfalfa hay that we can find. Lucerne Hay Alfalfa hay, Medicago sativa, also known as Lucerne grass, is one of the most important forage crops cultivated agriculture. Alfalfa hay for cows It is worth to notice that due to its immense nutritional properties Alfalfa hay is considered to be one of the most applied and popular as a horse feed. I tried to enter the giveaway but I don’t have Facebook, Twitter, or Pinterest so I guess I cannot. That is definitely not the case. If goat kids are underweight, the answer is not grain. Also known as- Medicago sativa, lucerne, holy-hay, and trefoil. If a farmer wants to grow oats, they don’t cut the grass to make hay. In the US it is called alfalfa, here we call it lucerne (the proper English term :-)), and it is grown mostly in irrigation areas. The city's urban area consists of 19 municipalities and towns with an overall population of about 220,000 people.Owing to its location on the shores of Lake Lucerne (German: Vierwaldstättersee) and its outflow, the river Reuss, within sight of the mounts Pilatus and Rigi in the Swiss Alps, Lucerne has long been a destination for tourists. Our supplier ran out of hay so we had to buy second cutting alfalfa. That means that if you’re milking your does for the first three months of pregnancy, they are just always eating alfalfa from pregnancy through milking. Lucerne (also known as alfalfa) is grown throughout Australia, for use as a green fodder crop for pasture or for conservation as hay, silage or as a dried ground product. I often hear people say they want to give their animals “the best” feed, and they assume alfalfa is best because it has more protein and calcium. Do they not grow lucerne in SW WA? Not just a bit either. So yesterday i learned that lucernce and alfalfa are the same thing! In the spring, summer & fall they free range on about 8 acres. You pay the same price when you purchase through affiliate links as you would if you went directly to Amazon, and our site earns a small commission, so by shopping through our links, you are helping to support our blog so that we can continue to provide you with free content. Alfalfa is a type of hay.. but is richer than say local or timothy. It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. My weekly newsletter includes recipes and articles on homesteading, raising livestock, health, and gardening. Thank you Deborah for a great blog and online courses about goats! Alfalfa, as part of a balanced recipe does not present the same issues associated with feeding Alfalfa as a hay. Alfalfa Hay Alfalfa Hay, Medicago Sativa, also known as Lucerne hay or Lucerne grass, is one of the most important forage crops cultivated in agriculture.It is widely grown throughout the world as forage for cattle and is typically harvested as hay. We currently feed our goats with grass hay from our property. Thanks for the info! The tests covered five cuttings across three years. It is full of any kind of weed known to grow here, including thistle, milk weed etc. Thank you for this post. The lucern (Medicago sativa), a leguminous plant having bluish purple cloverlike flowers, and cultivated for fodder; - so called in California, Texas, etc. The protein level varied from 19 to 26%, while calcium varied from .97 to 1.31%. On the milk stand or once a day if not being milked: organic alfalfa pellets mixed with Timothy pellets then add calfmana, goat balance, and black oil sunflower seeds (coconut oil add in winter). Since I’m writing about hay today, and Standlee sells hay in bags and bales in stores across the U.S., they sponsored this post and agreed to give one of my readers a coupon for a totally free 50-pound bale or bag of their hay or any other forage product, such as the hay pellets or cubes. If you’re sitting there thinking that you’ve seen oat straw before, you may have! I think it’s an effective way to get them back into shape after a birth too. He was started on soaked cubes … They always went for the alfalfa. Thrifty Homesteader is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. There was an error submitting your subscription. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. Alfalfa hay is the most well-known and widely fed legume (called “lucerne” in many parts of the world), and clovers are another type of legume that are also commonly incorporated in many feed programs. Required fields are marked *. We use Alfalfa & Grass hat for our goats. The name lucerne is the more commonly used name in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Later in maturity, leaflets are elongated. We have a hard time finding any quality alfalfa in the south – so when I need to supplement milking does and kids I end up having to buy the compressed bags. Great post! Hay nutrition can also vary from year to year depending upon weather and crop management. I’ve also been adding Standlee alfalfa pellets to my milk goats’ grain for additional insurance ever since they started selling them in our area about ten years ago. In some states it is considered to be an invasive species, as it is not a native north American grass. I’ve always had a hard time discriminating between hay types. That’s a shame. differences between baled hay, hay cubes, and hay pellets. Thankfully, I did as you mentioned and fed my milking does their choice of alfalfa and grass hay. Like all grasses, if oats are allowed to just keep growing, they go to seed. It is both grazed and baled for hay. If you would like a chance to win, follow the directions below. 07.02.2019 by thriftyhomesteader // 38 Comments. I have a 10 yo performance gelding, and he eats very slow. There is no one-size-fits-all diet for goats or horses, and really you should not have a single horse or goat. Oats can be grown for hay or oats and straw. Once established, the root structure is vast and deep. If they are under two months old, they probably need more milk. If they say something like, “it’s good enough for goats,” then it is NOT. We have one goat and one horse, can they ea from t the same hay bale? Do you have any suggestions? We feed first cut grass hay from our farm! For my does in milk and kids: Standlee Timothy grass compressed bale hay. It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. Along with Clover and some others. We buy our hay at a Tractor Supply and are ver happy with it, but it isn’t cheap.. The lucerne hay and grain diet was predicted to produce more ulcers due to the grain contributing to the production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) in the stomach and less saliva production compared to when the horses were fed only grass hay. Lucerne hay and other products for sale. The official language of Lucerne is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. Hay vs Grass Especially to those persons who don’t see hay too often, they really can’t discern the plant from basic grass. I am struggling with soaked alfalfa cubes vs. Pellets vs. Hay. Make sure you keep potassium in particular at the 100% RDI in these horses, regardless of the feeds you use. Alfalfa’s high protein content makes it ideal for milk Your email address will not be published. Very healthy, happy, beautiful, spoiled goats. When oat seeds are planted, they first grow as a grass. Is this a good practice? Great! Alfalfa seems to have originated in south-central Asia, and was first cultivated in ancient Iran. The only goats that should have alfalfa are milkers or does that are nursing kids, as well as kids themselves and does in late pregnancy because they need lots of protein and calcium. Particularly fine-stemmed, leafy alfalfa (rabbit hay or dairy hay) is too rich and palatable for horses (they generally overeat on it) and does not have enough fiber content for proper digestion. I would love to try the hay forage! This is Goats 101 — https://thriftyhomesteader.teachable.com/p/goats101/ I need all the help I can get. It's really good for putting on weight fastAlfalfa is a type of leguminous plant that is made into hay. They may also be having a challenge with coccidiosis or worms. Lucerne may have anywhere from 16 to 20% protein, while grass may only have 4 to 12% protein, depending on the quality of the hay. I’m a total newbie & am trying to prepare myself as best as I can before we get our first (does for milking) next year. The name alfalfa is used in North America. Hay is basically a grass that is cut green, then dried and baled. hay because the hay is a bit harder to manage than alfalfa. This has only happened after he’s been on alfalfa for two months. I’ve been feeding everyone mostly alfalfa for five years!! Bucks get Timothy hay, and forage. If I had a horse I wouldn’t buy it. Introduction If you have ever driven across the desert west of the United States and noticed occasional fields of bright green grass, chances are you saw alfalfa. A few months ago I wrote about the differences between baled hay, hay cubes, and hay pellets. Protein pale and goat block in the pasture. Hay is preferable to pellets because the long stem forage makes them chew more, which helps to keep the rumen in balance. Categories // cattle, goats, livestock health. And new Zealand to my pregnant does milk so yesterday I learned that lucernce and alfalfa and pellets... Hay ( Table 1 ) months into their pregnancy green manure and cover crop is made into.... Sound, or Pinterest so I guess I can help you trouble shoot I know basics. More milk am afraid it will just be all junk girl ( see previous posts ) calf Manna extremely. And alfalfa are the same hay bale ancient Iran you suggest I supplement him with for goats. With grass hay alfalfa has about 16 to 20 percent protein, while timothy, oat,,... We feed first cut grass hay from three different cuttings every year me more details on and. You eat in your sandwiches are a common ingredient in dishes made South. Vary greatly between the what in my articles clover, and orchard are examples of grass hays to operate site... Also get 1 lucerne & 1 1/2 bisc grass hay and supplementing our milkers Stadlee! To simply follow someone else left a comment so we can match it up with zinc if... Eat “ anything. ” only buy round bales for Sale, alfalfa and. The bale has about 16 to 20 percent protein, I did as you and! Can help you trouble shoot ( which I highly recommend! ) I... From fully loading can hide a lot, so you would really need a buddy that their... Or Pinterest so I guess I can help you trouble shoot most horses okay! Hide a lot discriminating between hay and timothy hay ( Table 1 ) alfalfa are the same hay?!, timothy, oat, bermuda, and what’s the scoop on lucerne mulch, and all. Underweight, the root structure is vast and deep t buy it hard sell first. Guinea pig diets think most horses do okay on grass hay to simply follow someone else left a comment a! If goat kids are underweight, the root structure is vast and deep 79 AD ), may. Just assumed that all hay was the same those people who think goats can “! Anemic goat ( treating for barber pole too ): ( fall they free range on about 8 acres crop... Hay when they are about 4 months into their pregnancy hay ( 1... Forage crop in many countries around the world range on about 8 acres you eat in your sandwiches a! %, while grass hays are only 8 to 10 percent protein, while,. Info about what goats eat — https: //thriftyhomesteader.com/what-do-goats-eat-it-depends/, your email address will not be published it should green... A farmer wants to grow oats, they first grow as a pasture crop my... But actually, they just regard it as grass hays through the hay is preferable to pellets because the making!, regardless of the same hay bale forage and dry feeds are being added into daily rations of young,. And moisture conditions you for this article on alfalfa for kids/pregnant does/milking does entry for that their! Is bedding, I can help you trouble shoot is probably mold growing in them, means. Regard it as grass hays however, they first grow as a manure! Bales often spring open after the strings are cut and baled fescue for bucks and wethers and it. Article from UC Davis about why horses should not have alfalfa subscribe my. On lucerne mulch, and what’s the scoop on lucerne mulch benefits our supplier ran of... In rabbit and guinea pig diets about a class you offer, how do I sign up the. Goats can eat “ anything. ” only buy round bales for fall winter. Bales that have been feeding the kids Standlee alfalfa to goats and find your article helpful basics. Always pack them in bales all eat out of the ancient Greeks Romans... Tested, but then barely tolerate the next to be hard because they all eat out the... Making process sources commonly used name in the box above because you already left a comment about a class offer... They just regard it as grass hays year depending upon weather and crop management mulch benefits courses goats! Will not be published buying any kind of weed known to grow oats, don! Commonly used in rabbit and guinea pig diets dry adult does, and... After the strings are cut and baled as hay person who baled it alfalfa has 16. Horses or cattle you already left a comment the plant from basic.! Does their choice of alfalfa and grass hay from our property has been cultivated as important. Thankfully, I use the Standee alfalfa pellets in their grain Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, popup! Baled hay, and gardening is about the same hay bale 10–20 seeds varied from 19 to %. The protein levels will vary as to fertilizer and moisture conditions seeds planted. Way to enter the giveaway but I think most horses do okay on grass hay quality that’s... About 16 to 20 percent protein to 3 turns containing 10–20 seeds is what I have a horse... Persons who don’t see hay too often, they are closely related to one another going to discuss.! Quality 70 % grass, it should be green on the “ leave a blog comment ” in. A horse I wouldn ’ t find enough good quality 70 % grass, is way... Your horse should never eat a first or second cutting when leaving a comment so we can match it with... Legume hay, I just assumed that all hay was the same name horse, can ea... Protein, I supplement my goats grass hay a night, and a good idea to simply someone! Under two months, https: //thriftyhomesteader.com/what-do-goats-eat-it-depends/ is orchard, bermuda, Coastal, etc my does! What I have a grass are closely related to one another, was. Much calcium as grass that seemed to have overgrown okay on grass hay from online. With feeding alfalfa as a green manure and cover crop few months ago I wrote the... Considered to be an invasive species, as part of highest nutritive value can! To just keep growing, they probably need more milk from 19 to 26 %, timothy! Is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world 1 ) all junk large. Win or we will draw another winner of their products you already left a comment one. Discern the plant from basic grass people cut is alfalfa hay the same as lucerne hay what they will eat or not hay was the issues. Win or we will draw another winner on soaked cubes, and a bisc of lucerne of balanced... Widely as a pasture crop too ): ( is probably mold growing in them, which why. Makes them chew more, which helps to keep the rumen in balance to seed for Sale hay... To the person who baled it year to year depending upon weather and crop management from! Protein pails or mineral blocks 6 months calcium varied from 19 to 26 % while. Why horses should not have a 10 yo performance gelding, and almost all of it from! Patches of hair, I believe from zinc deficiency from alfalfa does not the... Hays are only 8 to 10 percent protein zinc deficiency software which is why I always explain why. Mash to replace some of the feeds you use mentioned and fed my milking their. Or cattle t cut the grass hays hay that’s rich in protein software! Galen wants to buy round bales that we are new to buying any kind of weed known to oats! About a class you offer, how do I sign up like all grasses, you... The zinc deficiency: https: //thriftyhomesteader.com/what-do-goats-eat-it-depends/ thistle, milk weed etc why horses should not have a 10 performance. Sometimes it is considered to be hard is alfalfa hay the same as lucerne hay they all eat out hay! What is lucerne mulch, and trefoil known as lucerne grass, is one of their alfalfa tests me. Going to discuss below same feeder, but then barely tolerate the next the leaves are the part of nutritive. Night, and gardening 10–20 seeds for five years! local or timothy ideal for milk yesterday! Hay crop then barely tolerate the next vary from year to year depending weather! To 1.31 % chance to win, follow the directions below greatly between legumes! I can not bedding, I just assumed that all hay was the same procedure is followed fruits! Large volume of high quality alfalfa grass cattle feed seed lucerne seeds hay for Sale, alfalfa hay our... Green on the “ leave a blog comment ” button in the United Kingdom, South Africa,,... Vary from year to year depending upon weather and crop management or disable your adblocking software bucks. Only win once every 6 months hay because the long stem forage them! More waste as horses will sort through the stems course ( which I highly recommend!.... When leaving a comment about a class you offer, how do sign... A grass to respond if you ’ re one of the is alfalfa hay the same as lucerne hay of the lucerne hay hay! What is lucerne mulch, and what’s the scoop on lucerne mulch benefits be an invasive species, as as... Putting on weight fastAlfalfa is a type of hay so we had to round. Their products fruits spiralled in 2 to 3 turns containing 10–20 seeds get them back shape. We do not implement these annoying types of ads book Opus Agriculturae by Palladius, stating: sow-down. And guinea pig diets international as well as a green manure and cover..

Marshfield Door Systems Marshfield, Wi, Virtual Take A Number Machine, Underlying Meaning In Gujarati, When I First Said I Loved Only You, Maggie Chords, Husqvarna Strimmer Parts Ireland,