Luxembourg’s smallness is hobbling its response to Europe’s migration crisis and there is a fear among locals that its resources and its cultural identity will be swamped. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The following table lists the percentage of citizens of Luxembourg who are able to speak a native language, or two or more languages. high percentage of people from foreign countries ; Ministry of Education created special reception classes, children are supposed to learn German or French ; after this one-year course, integration in the normal school programme takes place ; … The most common languages spoken by, foreigners include Portuguese, Italian, and English, and native residents of Luxembourg using these foreign languages when they are in establishments frequented by foreigners such as hotels and restaurants. However, this trend-setting version of the language faced widespread rejection all over Luxembourg. Luxembourgish is part of the Indo-European language family and is defined as a West Central Germanic language and part of the High German languages. 80% of Luxembourg citizens identifying French as a second language, and 16% as a native language. About 13 percent of foreigners are not from the European Union. Portuguese 20.96%. Cycle 4: ages 10 to 11 German 49.56%. Basically, French and German are the languages used in legal documents, official declarations, and the like. Those who want to work in construction, for instance, must speak French, whereas those who work in IT mostly need English. Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch), a Franconian language of the Moselle region similar to German and Dutch, was introduced in primary school in 1912. The average Luxembourg resident uses two or three languages on a daily basis: in a 2013 study, 70 percent reported using Luxembourgish at home, at school or work, while 55 percent used French and 30 percent spoke German.Debates in parliament are carried out mainly in Luxembourgish — including the current debate on expanding its use — while official documents are drawn up in French. The use of Luxembourgish by immigrants increased with the length of their stay in the Grand Duchy, the statistics bureau observed. The national language of Luxembourg is (depending on who you talk to) Letzebuergesch, Letzeburgisch or Luxembourgeois. Luxembourg is a major center for large private banking, and its finance sector is the biggest contributor to its economy. The global number of Luxembourgish speakers is estimated to be about 390,000. It is a Mosel-Frankish dialect like the dialects in Germany bordering Luxembourg. French and German are other major native languages spoken in Luxembourg. While German is an official language in Luxembourg, the country is not a member of the Council for German Orthography and was not involved in the drafting of the Germany Orthography Reform in 1996. Luxembourg nationals reported speaking an average of 2.1 languages, with 18% saying they spoke English. 69% of the country's population identify German as a second language, and 2% as a native language. Luxembourg is a point of contact between the Germanic- and Romance-language communities of Europe, and three languages are regularly employed in the grand duchy itself: Luxembourgish, German, and French. Language courses in Luxembourg will help you take full advantage when living in the Grand Duchy, whether it’s for a few months, a few years, or for a lifetime. Luxembourg owes its continued existence to a mixture of good fortune and good diplomacy, which have prevented it from being permanently absorbed into the territories of its larger neighbours despite the small nation's strategic location at the heart of Europe. Luxembourgish is included in education curriculums across Luxembourg, and the language is taught at the pre-primary level and for one hour each week in secondary schools. However, French and German are also widely used but both are considered only as administrative languages. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division.World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. However, in recent years, Luxembourgish is experiencing further standardization through a process known as koineization, which is mainly caused by the mass media’s dissemination of Luxembourgish language. The same study showed that, on average, 2.2 languages are used. A plethora of languages are spoken in Luxembourg, but the three primary languages are Luxembourgish (national and administrative language), German (administrative language), and French (administrative language). In total, Luxembourg had nearly 614,000 inhabitants that year. Percentage of people in Luxembourg who speak the languages below as a mother tongue or foreign language . French is used as the language of legislation in Luxembourg, given the country’s use of the French Napoleonic civil code. According to an EU survey, the mother tongue of roughly 70% of Luxembourgers is Luxembourgish (or Lëtzebuergesch, as they write it). Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 55.8%, Portuguese 15.7%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 12.1%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 3.1%, Italian 2.9%, English 2.1%, other 8.4% (2011 est.) A large percentage of the p… Majority of Luxembourg’s population speak Luxembourgish, which is considered the national language of the country. Fundamental Education in Luxembourg (enseignement fondamental) is a concept combining pre-school and elementary (primary) schools that was adapted in 2009. Between the mid-19th century and the early 20th century, approximately one-third of the Luxembourgish population emigrated. A study showed that 70.5% of the population used Luxembourgish at work, school, and/or home, 55.7% used French, and 30.6% used German. This old language has been enriched by many French words and phrases, and the resulting dialect is spoken by all classes of people in Luxembourg. The multicultural country is home to the Financial Centre, to European Union Institutions and international enterprises. Luxembourg was, at the time, a poor country with an economy dominated by agriculture. University The University of Luxembourg is a multilingual, international research university in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Ethnic Groups The peoples of Luxembourg and their languages reflect the grand duchy’s common interests and close historical relations with its neighbours. The current standardized Luxembourgish language was formulated in the late 20th century by a committee of linguists and experts who drafted the 5-volume “Luxemburger Worterbuch,” which was made official in 1975. While the majority of Luxembourgish speakers are located within Luxembourg, there is a significant population of Luxembourgish speakers in foreign countries, particularly in Belgium, Germany, and France. Most of the foreigners are white, European, and Catholic, and of these, Portuguese constitute the majority (see Table 1). Luxembourgish is used by 77% of the population. Cycle 2: ages 6 to 7 3. Ethnic minorities living in the country include Portuguese, French, Italian, Belgian, German, Spanish, British, and others. The two languages are used extensively by major public institutions, including media and police. Still, Luxembourg has historically experienced commercial pro… But on further examination, it gets a little more tricky, as there’s no agreement on whether Luxembourgish should even be considered a separate language. … However, the version of Luxembourgish used in official communication across country is a standardized version of Luxembourgish. The Luxembourgish language exists in several dialects whose characteristics are defined by the regions in where they are spoken. Luxembourgish is closely related to the German language, and some linguists even claim Luxembourgish is not a distinct language, but rather a standardized form of German language due to many similar characteristics, including a similar consonant inventory. About 25% of the population claims no religion. By the time that Luxembourg's independence was finally confirmed in 1867, the Grand Duchy was left with such a tiny territory that its people had to look across its borders for economic survival. However, the first documented standard Luxembourgish orthography was adopted in 1946 and was known as the “ofizjel lezebuurjer ortografi” or OLO. In 2006, approximately 181,962 foreigners lived in Luxembourg — 39.6 percent of the country's total population. 69% of the country's population identify German as a second language, and 2% as a native language. Currently, 88.4 % of the population of Luxembourg is urban (544,596 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Luxembourg is 238 people per Km 2 (616 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 2,590 Km2 (1,000 sq. Something like this: 1 more than any other country, is not! 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