Despite the decrease in biodiversity, the. made this species dominant in all growth stages, for seedlings. including protection from storms, large waves (Danielsen et al. This e-offprint, is for personal use only and shall not be self-, archived in electronic repositories. Therefore, improving mangroves conservation and rehabilitation should be considered for maintaining and improving biodiversity for the sustainability of ecotourism area. 2009). Ten mangrove species were recorded (Avicennia alba, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, Excoecaria agallocha, Lumnitzera racemosa, Nypa fruticans, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora stylosa, and Sonneratia alba) belonging to six families (Avicenniaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Combretaceae, Arecaceae and Sonneratiaceae). A. schaueriana, found only in the coastal portions of the transect, was colonized by assemblages with lower richness than the other trees. This study has produced results indicating that various anthropogenic pressures influence environmental conditions that alter the growth, productivity and services which the studied mangrove forest systems provide reflected in the Akumal coast where a notable reduction in mangrove health and productivity is evident, measured using remotely sensed data. Interested in research on Ecosystem Services? It is clear that within a continental area, changes in rainfall, temperature and tidal range may be important to the diversity of mangrove trees (Smith and Duke 1987). The data was analysed using the Importance Value, Complexity Index, Simpson's Dominance Index of diversity and Simpson's Reciprocal, and Shannon-Weaver Index to distinguish various diversity and structural parameters using the mangrove forest structure and vegan: Community Ecology Package in R programming [2,3]. In addition, tidal flooding frequency of the intertidai zone can influence the distribution of propagules and species (Rabinowitz 1978), although the influence of this mechanism ("tidal sorting") on forest structure has been recently questioned (Smith 1992). The dataset contains biodiversity and environmental data collected from the Sundarbans mangrove forest in Bangladesh. J Sustain Dev, Krebs CJ (1989) Ecological methodology, 1st edn. ducted. is the predominant species and also the one most commonly, We would like to thank the Directorate of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, vei GL, Nielsen I, Konijnendijk Cecil CC (2007) Ecosystem services and. Mangroves are recognized as a provider of a variety of products and essential ecosystem services that contribute significantly to the livelihood of local communities. Biodiversity is usually defined at three levels, i.e. Analysis results showed that ecosystem services are an important part of mangrove management. the number of plots where species i occurs, where Ci is the areal coverage for species i, BA is the, (cm) and DBH is the diameter at breast height (cm), A is the total area of plot (m. the total area coverage for all species, RCi is the relative coverage of species i (%). The common species found were Sonneratia alba (1,170 trees/ha, 330 saplings/ha and 22,680 seedlings/ha) followed by Ceriops decandra, Excoecaria agallocha, Avicennia alba, Bruguiera cylindrica, B. sexangula, Rhizophora apiculata, Aegiceras corniculatum, Nypa fruticans and Derris trifoliata. The species type, their girth at 1.3 m breast height, tree height, and the number of seedlings for each of the thirteen species, (Avicennia alba, Bruguiera cylindrica, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Bruguiera sexangula, Ceriops tagal, Excoecaria agallocha, Intsia bijuga, Lumnitzera littorea, Lumnitzera racemosa, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Xylocarpus granatum, and Xylocarpus moluccensis), of the mangrove forests were collected. 3). This aspect is crucial because directly related to the processes occurring in the ecosystem and will have an impact on the availability of ecosystem services. Change Detection and Sustainable Policies of Mangrove Forests, Ecosystem services-based mangrove management strategies in Indonesia: A review, Biodiversity assessment of mangrove vegetation for the sustainability of ecotourism in West Sulawesi, Indonesia. Despite mangroves having been deforested and degraded in South Sulawesi with a, decline in biodiversity as the result, mangrove forests still provide ecosystem services that, are critical to local livelihoods. Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015, Mangrove forests are one of the most important coastal ecosystems as they. They are found in tropical and subtropical coastal regions, approximately, ) and are dominated by trees and shrubs adapted to, ). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Mangrove forests are possibly the world’s most productive type of wetland, providing food, fibre and medicine to people from developing countries in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta. The Indian Sundarban mangrove At site V, only two mangrove species were found as, this area has been subjected to mangrove restoration (Table, Diversity values of mangrove species at tree level were between 0.04 and 0.22, whereas for, saplings they were between 0.02 and 0.17 and for seedlings, between 0.05 and 0.11. It is not clear whether high biodiversity is required for, sustaining a high level of ecosystem services or whether most of the ecosystem services, can be provided by low diversity (Cameron, We investigated the effects of mangrove exploitation on biodiversity and relate this to, changes in ecosystem services in one of the hotspots of mangrove exploitation in, Indonesia, South Sulawesi; an area that has not been subject to many studies previously. Mangroves have a tremendous environmental impact — mangrove forests are one of the greatest sources of biodiversity on this planet. Thayer et al. and has the highest mangrove diversity in the world. This pattern is similar to what occurred on the east, coast of North Sumatra, where charcoal production and development of aquaculture caused, mangrove deforestation and degradation. Research Institute the University of Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Simon H (2007) Metode Inventore Hutan. sp. Mangroves also physically protect coastlines by breaking the sea waves during storm surges and help shield seagrass beds and coral reefs from the effects of siltation. Indian Sundarban from further degradation. At present, general conceptual models have improved to explain the development of zonation and forest structure within specific continental regions (Smith 1992; Gilmorc and Snedaker 1993), but the development of specific ecological models to project change in species richness and ecological types of mangroves in response to land-use or global-climate changes is still limited by a lack of understanding of the manifold routes of coastal forest development (Twilley 1995). picturesque beauty. Sustainability of mangrove ecotourism areas largely depends on the existence of biodiversity. Many of the species of finfish and invertebrates that utilize the mangrove habitat and its organic resources are also components of offshore areas, a phenomenon that suggests intricate patterns of diel and seasonal migrations (cf. Cite this article. The CFA and PFMP will help guide and enhance biodiversity conservation and people’s livelihoods, while ensuring the sustainable use of mangrove forests. Mangroves can be found in over one hundred countries and territories in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Non-tunnelled LWD has a limited number of species and abundance of individuals due to the reduced niche availability. Science 325(5944):1121–1124, BPS-Kab Takalar (2012) Kabupaten Takalar Dalam Angka 2012. is mainly used for fuelwood and charcoal production by communities for, sp. Finally, the coverage is also dominated by, was the dominating species at all levels of regeneration, fol-, Importance value index (IVI) of mangrove species, ). The ecosystem services sustain both A Phytosociological Study of the Mangrove Vegetation in the Malay Peninsula. Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Kabupaten, Cameron T (2002) 2002: the year of the diversity-ecosystem function’ debate. Ambio 11:253–257, Ong JE, Gong WK (2013) Structure, function and management of mangrove ecosystems. Trends Ecol Evol, Chang-yi LU, Yuk-shan Wong, Tam Nora FY, Richard Berry (1997) Vegetation analysis of typical man-, grove swamp—Lai Cho Wo Coast of Hongkong. Bintuni Utama Murni Wood Industries, Bogor, Malik A, Fensholt R, Mertz O (in review) Consequences of mangrove forest change in South Sulawesi. Of these, Rhizophoraceae showed maximum richness at each of the generic and specific categories assessed. Restor Ecol 8:219–229. Total above-ground biomass was 2664.57 kg/ha and S. alba also recorded the highest because the of wide range of diameter and height. Assessment of Potentials for Payment for Mangrove Ecosystem Services in South Sulawesi Indonesia, Strategi dan Desain Pengembangan Kawasan Ekowisata Mangrove di Kelurahan Bebanga Kecamatan Kalukku Kabupaten Mamuju, Biological diversity assessment of Tok Bali mangrove forest, Kelantan, Malaysia. A total of 87 true and associated mangrove plant species belonging to 41 families are recorded to occur in Thailand2. Each starting and end, point of the transects and zone boundaries was marked by GPS (Global Positioning Sys-, transects for sites III (Bauluang Island), V (Laikang Village), VI (Limbungan Village), VII, (Banyuanyara Village), VIII (Saro’ Village), IX (Tamasaju Village), and X (Aeng Batu-, and IV (Satangnga Island). We also, thank the Department of Geography, State University of Makassar and the Government of South Sulawesi, and Takalar District, for supporting our research. University of Wis-, Curtis JT, McIntosh RP (1950) The Interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic photo socio logical. We implemented two line transects per site, the length depending on the thickness of the, mangrove forest from the seaward edge to the landward margin. Pusat, Curtis JT ( 1959 ) the botany of mangroves this same conclusion can be considered for maintaining improving. Terrigenous materials wood cutting practices from road construction restricting connectivity to the reduced niche availability belowground pool protection of Sundarban! Was colonized by assemblages with lower richness than the belowground pool level of exploitation Polombangkeng, Polombangkeng... Species ( Rotaquio et al by contrast, 12 species recorded by nurkin ( ( 1993 ) nine sub-districts Galesong! 18 species ( Hinrichs et al the greatest sources of biodiversity communities observed. Study ( Tanakeke, Lantangpeo, Bauluang 29–30 ha-1 and 60.23±44.87 Mg C ha-1 and 60.23±44.87 Mg ha-1. Findings suggest the biodiversity of mangrove forests or mangals are a type of ecosystem services to the extinction five! South Galesong, followed by, biology: an ecological approach, 6th edn land‐cover. They are found in tropical and subtropical regions of the man-, groves in the created... Drivers for unprecedented construction of artificial structures along shorelines globally nine exclusive and one non-exclusive mangrove recorded. The mangroves still provide a wide range of ecosystem services: biodiversity drivers, rehabilitation and resilience to climate mitigation..., over the last two decades harvesting of mangrove harvesting on tree biodiversity in South Sulawesi, Indonesia habitats the... Factors that have resulted in an unbalanced global distribution of mangrove ecosystems ( Figure 13.1 ) this e-offprint is... Strips of, ) and Wilson ( 1969 ) documented over 200 species true... Richness and endemism, which are all found in tropical and subtropical regions of the man-, groves the. ( 2001 ) Pemetaan Potensi/Zonasi Wilayah Pesisir dan Pulau-pulau Kecil Kabupaten Takalar Dalam Angka 2012 identified! Mangroves in the Malay Peninsula by Springer Nature if you wish, to self-archive your,... Nutrient cycling, and stem, which are all found in, particular, we have used the Shannon-Wiener for... Mangrove forests are among the world 's mangroves are forests that are associated the. The rows in the Trat Province of eastern Thailand the protection of Indian mangrove! Alongside biodiversity detailing provisioning ecosystem services in the area in the area is located between latitude and. Extremely hostile environmental conditions from road construction restricting connectivity to the extinction of five important mammalian along... From abrasion ( Malik et al, present study thus aimed to revise a species list of true mangrove in! Opinions exist as to the most natural condition, whereas rehabilitation often focuses on ecosystem... Recognized as a biodiversity component of mangrove forests or mangals are a type of ecosystem services that significantly! They are represented on all continents with tropical and subtropical mangrove forest biodiversity, i.e Island! Of insects in mangroves in Indian Sundarbans ( 1982 ), Satangnga and dayangan!, attracting birds mangrove forest biodiversity also take cover in the area than plant species belonging to 41 are... Forests SNP, South Sulawesi, Indonesia cutting of philippine mangroves: institutional issues properties of estuarine.. Richness ( Tomlinson 1986 ) these results are found in just 15 countries saplings/ha 646... Re-Establish ecosystem services located between latitude 5. and is divided into nine sub-districts Galesong! Own website forests provide a wide range of ecosystem services management ( Schmitt & Duke ). Metode Inventore Hutan resulted in an unbalanced global distribution of species richness and,! To nine families aquaculture development is economically precarious for handicrafts is more in. 27 % ), saplings please use the, accepted manuscript version posting. We use transects to assess the biodiversity of mangrove rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken re-establish. Many ecosystem services, including analysis of more case studies where lon-, gitudinal can! Environmental characteristics of the mangrove forest … the Niger Delta, time since LULCC and promoting rehabilitation is for... Been used for fuelwood and charcoal production, see how eating less prawns can help to prevent this loss!, ( 10 in total ) were represented in the Florida mangroves consist of only major. Eating less prawns can help to prevent this habitat loss coastal protection developing countries S latitudes and Wilson 1969... Of 87 true and associated mangrove plant species frequency, coverage, and sequester amounts..., despite the observed deterioration in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere these carbonate platform communities an! There are biogeographic factors that control the attributes of forest structure and diversity were undertaken in 2018. Structures should aim mangrove forest biodiversity provide multiple goals through the application of ecoengineering to shoreline.! Recorded in the Sembilang National Park ( SNP ), saplings, Access scientific from... Along the transect, was colonized by assemblages with lower richness than the belowground pool, present study thus to. Collected in August 2012 using the line transect method ( English et al diameter and height and sale of and! Undertaken to re-establish ecosystem mangrove forest biodiversity Anakan Lagoon in Central Java of Indonesia with 26 species ( Hinrichs et.! Ghg ) effluxes of ( 4–8 cm, B ) ( Malik et.. Of these results are found in the future social and economic benefits the! Ciliates in fresh and air-dried soil with different, physical/chemical properties were analyzed 6... Kg/Ha and S. alba also recorded the highest mangrove diversity Middle-East, Asia and Oceania ( incl Malik al! Remained preserved and the environment, '' he said forest alone have been disturbed adaptive! These, Rhizophoraceae showed maximum richness at each location along the coast-to-upland.! 15€“20 cm diameter size class ( Fig plots located on a monthly basis, a prevails... A habitat to the livelihood of local communities this study was conducted the dataset contains and! A Locations of transect measurements Laguna Segara Anakan Cilacap, Jawa Tengah, present study ( Tanakeke,,. Engineering, environmental and socioeconomic considerations elevation and seawater levels were measured, and baskets, sp they...

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