The house was occupied by the extended families. Beds and benches lined the walls, and other features included lamps for light, … Facts about Longhouses. The inside of a longhouse was divided into compartments for different families. Two rows of high posts supported the roof and ran down the entire length of the building, which could be up to 250 feet long. Where timber was scarce, such as in Iceland, the walls would be made from turf and sod, giving rise to the Turf House. It doesn't sound like much when you count by fires. Each longhouse can live up to 6 families including the parents, the children, the aunts, the uncles and the grandparents. Vikings lived in a long, narrow building called a longhouse. A reconstructed Viking longhouse in Lofoten, Norway Facts about Longhouses 2: Germanic cattle farmer longhouses. They were made up of wooden support posts which lined the walls, a residential area centered around a hearth, a byre in which animals lived during the winter, benches flanking the longhouses longer sides, and various supporting rooms. The average longhouse was about 60 feet long by about 18 feet wide. The outside of the longhouse was covered by sheets of elm tree bark. The frame of the Iroquois longhouse was made by sewing bark and using that as shingles. Most had timber frames, with walls of wattle and daub and thatched roofs. Most longhouses had an elliptical or cigar-shaped outline, with straight sides and rounded or … Viking longhouses were between five and seven meters wide. The Neolithic long house type was traced back in 5000 BCE to 7000 years ago. But longhouses were really long - they could be over … Longhouses were very long houses built by the Iroquois, or Haudenosaunee, where many related families lived together. Read more: A Viking Timeline. They had no chimney or windows, so smoke from the open fire drifted out through the roof. Longhouses featured fireplaces in the center for warmth. Candles during this time were unheard of. Lamps made from cotton grass and cod liver oil got used to bring better lighting with little smoke or odor. Longhouses are typical of villages that archaeologists tend to assume are ancestral to Iroquoian-speakers, although other peoples used longhouses too. a longhouse was one such dwelling. Sometimes, 20 or more families lived in one longhouse… They had no chimney or windows, so smoke from the open fire drifted out through the roof. Longhouses were not measured by feet. Longhouses were usually made of wood, stone or earth and turf, which kept out the cold better. In some depiction of longhouses, some windows provided both light and ventilation, but it’s unclear if these are merely modern depictions. The first farmers who lived in western and central Europe introduced this longhouse type. By bending a series of poles, the Iroquois were able to create an arc shaped roof for the longhouse. The frame of the longhouse was either post and beam or made from bent saplings. Longhouses were usually made of wood, stone or earth and turf, which kept out the cold better. The walls were usually built bowed giving the overall shape of a boat. A longhouse might be referred to as 10 fires long, or perhaps as 12 fires long. To build the Iroquois longhouse, the Indians set poles in the ground. They were measured by camp fires. The walls were made of either clay, wooden planks or wattle and daub. Where wood was scarce, as in Iceland, longhouses were made of turf and sod. Doors were constructed at both ends and were covered with an animal hide to preserve interior warmth. Holes were made above the hearth to let out smoke, but such smoke holes also let in rain and snow. Especially long longhouses had doors in the sidewalls as well. Horizontal poles supported those poles. 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