Silverhill Seeds and Books, Suite 18, Bergvliet, 7864 Cape Town, South Africa Telephone: +27 21 705 4226 / Fax: +27 86 591 3472 E-mail: info@silverhillseeds.co.za In contrast the most diverse families are those known to be among the largest families worldwide including the Poaceae Asteraceae and Leguminosae. Australian Native Garden Australian Plants Garden Nursery Plant Nursery Burgundy Flowers Yellow Flowers Burgundy Color Hello Hello Plants Low Maintenance Garden. Other endemic flora species from this region include the Bird of Paradise Flower, the Red Disa, the Rhinoceros Bush, the Cushion Restio, the Clanwilliam Cedar, Rhynchocalyx, the Kammanassie Erica, Bergeranthus jamesii, the Keurboom, the Silver Tree, the Buck Bay Vygie, Kniphofia leucocephala, the Belladonna Lily, the Cape Strawflower, the Forest Lily, the Tree Pagoda, Penaea acutifolia, and the national flower, the King Protea. South Africa has over 13,000 vascular plant species that are found nowhere else. An endemic family of the non-vascular plant is the aquatic moss Wardiaceae. Peculiar to a particular area or region; not found in other places. Impact of genetically modified plants on the South African flora  Thomas, Annie ( University of Pretoria , 2006-09-06 ) Please read the abstract in the section 00front of this document Even plant-supporting soil fungi affected by global warming, study finds. Malaria is endemic … The Botanical Society of South Africa encourages the wise use of indigenous plants in southern Africa. Male hirolas however turn a shade of grey as they age. Plants. The ZZ Plant is known by many names, including Zanzibar Gem, Zuzu Plant, Emerald Palm and the Eternity Plant. However, studies on climate change effects rarely consider endemic species and their niche properties. South Africa is a paradise for lizard lovers, so if you consider yourself to be a gecko freak, then you must come and see these amazing reptiles. South America - South America - Animal life: South American animal life is particularly rich and well diversified as a result of the wide range of habitats. The endemic mammal species here include Cape Grysbok, the Cape Elephant Shrew, the Cape Horseshoe Bat, the Spectacled African Dormouse, and the Cape Mole-rat while other endemic species include the Riverine Rabbit and three types of golden mole: Chrysospalax, Cryptochloris, and Neamblysomus. Some are confined to restricted areas in South Africa, such as the Table Mountain ghost frog and the natal ghost frog. We decided to set this right*. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). I made a return trip to South Africa, this time to the East Cape, in January 2008, and spent two wonderful weeks botanizing from morning to night with the noted South African plant authority Cameron McMaster. Amphibians that can only be found in South Africa include the Table Mountain Ghost Frog, the Knysna Spiny Reed Frog, the Bush Squeaker, the Spotted Snout-burrower. South Africa has a fabulous array of indigenous flowers that enhances the country’s natural beauty and diversity. Mar 07, 2016. The Fynbos ecoregion in South Africa boast of high plant diversity and endemism and has been identified as a biodiversity hotspot by the conservation international. Prevalent in a particular area or region. Around 80% of the South African population use traditional medicines to meet their primary health care needs; however, only a few South African medicinal plants have been exploited to their full potential in terms of commercialization. Among the unique butterfly species, you can find Waterberg Copper, the Brenton Blue, the Forest Swallowtail, the Karkloof Emperor, and Dingaan’s Widow. Also unique to South Africa are Victorin’s Warbler and the Orange-breasted Sunbird. Baobabs are odd-looking trees with thick trunks and thin, root-like branches, and native South African legend has it that the gods planted the baobab tree upside-down. Endemic flora and occurrence data. There are about 164 families of higher plants and of these 32 are represented by only one species. It flowers from July to November … Apr 19, 2016. What we do. But there are a good number of endemics elsewhere too. Author: Prof Rudy can der Elst ~ Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban ( Article Type: Overview) South Africa is endowed with an exceptionally rich marine environment. Image of closeup, green, canary - 186900683 The plant species, which are unique to a defined geographic unit such as an island/nation or habitat type and are not found elsewhere, are known as endemic plant species. These are indigenous plants that you see growing in the unspoilt areas where you live, but are found only within the confines of South Africa. Park, 56 species endemic to KwaZulu-Natal, 108 species endemic to the Republic of South Africa, while 467 are listed as threatened in South Africa. South African endemic succulent plant in the Cape Province in South Africa - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Sales: 800-685-3602 Sell Most of the birds in South Africa are threatened due to habitat loss and alteration leading to a steady decline in their populations. Inside Africa View All. Using species distribution models, we assessed the impact of climate change on the endemic flora of the richest centre of endemism in the Alps: the South-Western Alps. In some places we have recorded up to eight Peninsula endemics growing within a. Explanations for such a concentration of endemics include past climate shifts, geotectonic events, modern ecological interactions, and limited dispersal.   However, an epidemic refers to an outbreak of a disease. The Andes region of South America harbours one of the largest assemblages of endemic plant and animal species and is one of the most biodiverse and threatened areas of the world [1-5]. These are important not only intrinsically, but also for ecological functioning and as flagships for South Africa’s economically valuable avitourism sector. Doidge (1950) noted that with the introduction of crop plants into South Africa, there have been many Mar 07, 2016. Acacia caffra (=Senegalia caffra) is a very hardy, deciduous, drought … Explanations for such a concentration of endemics include past climate shifts, geotectonic events, modern ecological interactions, and limited dispersal. Distribution of endemic plant species on the Peninsula does not appear to be random, and all areas are not equally blessed with localized species. Article by Beauty Corner . The enormous baobab tree grows mostly in the semi-arid areas of South Africa, north of the Soutpansberg Mountains. One of South Africa’s marvels is its incredible diversity of plant and flower species found in the Cape Floral Kingdom (or the Cape Floristic Region) on the country’s Western Cape. Climate change seriously threatens biodiversity, particularly in mountain ecosystems. Incredibly, more than 6,200 (69 percent) of these species are found nowhere else in the world. Some of these exotic birds are: the Southern Black Bustard, the Hottentot Buttonquail, the Forest Buzzard, the Knysna Woodpecker, the Cape Parrot, Botha’s Lark, the Red Lark, the Cape Rockjumper, the Knysna Warbler, the Cape Bulbul, the Cape Sugarbird, the Cape Siskin, and the Protea Canary. Traditional healers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa are extensively using the bark of C. latifolia as a … The endemic species include the southern black and blue korhaans, the grey-winged francolin, the Knysna turaco, the Hottentot buttonquail, the southern bald ibis, the forest buzzard, the ground woodpecker, the Cape and Drakensberg rockjumpers, the Cape, eastern and Agulhas long-billed larks, the red, Karoo, Rudd's and Botha's larks, the Cape bulbul, the Victorin's and Knysna warblers, the Drakensberg prinia, … Outdoor Revival – Reconnecting us all with the Outdoors. As one of the most bio-diverse countries in the world, South Africa boasts an inordinate number of bird species, making it a fabulous destination for keen bird-watchers and wildlife enthusiasts. It is endemic in large parts of Africa as well as some areas of South America. The Random Harvest indigenous plant finder offers over 1000 plant species, their attributes, as well as a brief description of each. Good Hope Garden Nursery shared some great tips on indigenous plants that you can easily grow and harvest in your very own garden for medicinal remedies and exciting culinary experiences. 1953; Gorter 1977); however, they have not received attention as invaders of natural ecosystems. The family Heleophrynidae is endemic to Southern Africa and are known as the ghost frogs. Kangaroos are endemic to Australia. Some of the Hawaiian endemic plant species include Yellow hibiscus, Alula, Hawaii silversword, and Akala. South African endemic mountain plant gives itself up after 147-year absence. Obesity is endemic in this country. The mammals in South Africa are quite numerous, and most of them can’t be found anywhere else in the world, which makes them extremely special. Biodiversity plays an important role in … An epidemic occurs when a disease is spreading through one or more populations. If you have any comments then please drop us a message on our Outdoor Revival Facebook page. Hawaii and the neighboring islands have a wealth of locally-evolved species. The Somalian population is believed to be extinct. Distribution: C. robusta is endemic to the east coast of South Africa, with its distribution as isolated populations from Port St. Johns in the south (Eastern Cape Province) to Mzimkulu River in the north (KwaZulu-Natal) (Swanevelder, 2003), with a few northern outliers at Oribi Gorge, Paddock, Umtentweni, Southport and one southern outlier just south of Port St. Johns. Edible indigenous plants offer a great way to eat well and garden with indigenous plants. This study was conducted to examine how climate change is perceived by a rural community in Limpopo Province, South Africa, and to investigate how such changes affect endemic plant species upon which community members depend for their livelihoods. South African shelduck, Tadorna cana; Cape shoveler, Anas smithii; Hottentot buttonquail, Turnix hottentotta; Knysna woodpecker, Campethera notata; Ground woodpecker, Geocolaptes olivaceus; Acacia pied barbet, Tricholaema leucomelas; Monteiro's hornbill (Damara hornbill), Tockus monteiri; Southern yellow-billed hornbill, Tockus leucomelas In total, there are more than 6,350 vascular plant species in this hotspot, nearly 2,440 of which are endemic (40 percent). Photo about South African endemic succulent plant in the Cape Province in South Africa. One of the world’s rarest and most Endangered antelope, the hirola is endemic to north-east Kenya and south-west Somalia. If you have a good story to tell or blog, let us know about it on our FB page; we’re also happy for article or review submissions, we’d love to hear from you. You will be surprised by how many unique plants and animals live in this part of the world. So high is South Africa’s plant … The Role of Edaphic Substrate Versus Altitudinal Climate in Endemic Plant Distribution Patterns in the Cape Midlands Escarpment, Eastern Cape, South Africa V. Ralph Clark & Nigel P. Barker 7.8. The Geometric Tortoise, the Speckled Padloper, the Southern Adder, Fisk’s House Snake, the Black Thread Snake, the Giant Girdled Lizard or Sungazer, the Pondo Flat Gecko, the Augrabies Flat Lizard, the Namaqua Plated Lizard, the Knysna Dwarf Chameleon, Austen’s Gecko, and the Cape Legless Skink. A Podocarpus may be an indigenous South African plant but it is only endemic to certain areas, such as the coastal forest regions in the Eastern Cape, but it is not endemic to Gauteng. It is endemic in large parts of Africa as well as some areas of South America. Other endemic species include the Soutpansberg Rock Lizard and Peringuey’s Coastal Leaf-toed Gecko. These range from the fine grasses of the Free State Province and scrubby bushes of the Karoo Region to the dense greenery of the Garden Route forests and the mountain plains of the country's inland. Marine Life of Southern Africa. Other endemic plants include the Bird of Paradise Flower , the Red Disa , the Rhinoceros Bush , the Cushion Restio , the Clanwilliam Cedar , Rhynchocalyx (iNaturalist), the Kammanassie Erica , Bergeranthus jamesii , the Keurboom , the Silver Tree , the Buck Bay Vygie , a poker Kniphofia leucocephala , the Belladonna Lily , the Cape Strawflower , the Tree Pagoda (Biodiversity Explorer), Penaea acutifolia , and the national flower… Of course, this is only a very small example of the diverse plant life of South Africa. As one of the most bio-diverse countries in the world, South Africa boasts an inordinate number of bird species, making it a fabulous destination for keen bird-watchers and wildlife enthusiasts. The Solar Fire species usually grows to a height of about 0.05 to 0.5 m high and has finely divided leaves. (Especially of diseases.) Families of plants unique to South Africa include Grubbiaceae, Bruniaceae, Lanariaceae, Roridulaceae, and Geissolomataceae. Self censorship is endemic in the UK. An endemic species is one whose habitat is unique to a defined geographical location, such as a country, an island or a defined zone of analysis. In South Africa, pathogens of crop plants have been well documented (Crous, Phillips & Baxter 2000; Doidge & Bottomley 1931; Doidge et al. Furthermore, five of South Africa's 12 endemic plant families and 160 endemic genera are found only in this hotspot. South African endemic succulent plant in the Cape Province in South Africa - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock The Andes region of South America harbours one of the largest assemblages of endemic plant and animal species and is one of the most biodiverse and threatened areas of the world [1-5]. Birds Endemic and Near-Endemic to South Africa. The CFR includes 5 endemic plant families and 160 endemic genera. South Africa boasts a world of plants that are both fascinating and beautiful. It produces individual flower heads with a long stalk. South Africa hosts some endemic birds in its grasslands. The hirola is slender with a sandy-coloured coat. Endemic diseases are often confused with epidemics. The South African Fynbos biome, a global biodiversity hotspot with high endemism and species richness, has six endemic bird species. Get ready for a nature lesson! The region includes exquisite flowers such as the king protea (South Africa’s national flower).   However, an epidemic refers to an outbreak of a disease. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Endemic_flora_of_South_Africa&oldid=957464070, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 301–600 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 May 2020, at 00:20. Other endemic flora species from this region include the Bird of Paradise Flower, the Red Disa, the Rhinoceros Bush, the Cushion Restio, the Clanwillia… If you ever decide to visit South Africa, you should prepare yourself with some basic knowledge of the flora and fauna you will discover there. Also found here are the Montane Marsh Frog, Drewes’ Moss Frog, the Mistbelt Chirping Frog, the Tradouw Mountain Toadlet, the Kloof Frog and the Micro Frog. 30m2 area! Among the best-recognized plant species in the hotspot are the proteas, particularly the king protea (Protea cynaroides), which is South A… Photographer Filipa Domingues captures striking photos of South Africa's endemic plants. Stupidity is endemic in No Zeal-and. The endemic religion of Easter Island arrived with the Polynesian settlers. Taxonomic Composition and Spatial Pattern of Endemic Seed Plant Species in Southwest China Wenjing Yang, Jihong Huang & Keping Ma 7.9. While studies on a number of these species are ongoing, little was known about the status and viability of populations of the majority of rare, threatened and endemic species in The CFR is home to about 9,000 vascular plant species, 69 percent of which are endemic (Goldblatt and Manning 2000), and 1,435 (16 percent) of which have Red Data Book status in the South African plant Red Data Book (Hilton-Taylor 1996). There are also two extinct endemic species including Blue Antilope and Quagga. Cryptocarya latifolia (Lauraceae) is an indigenous South African plant used in ethnomedicinal practices. The e-Flora of South Africa (e-Flora SA) project was initiated to produce an online, open-access Flora in response to a global effort to conserve our plant biodiversity. There is a growing interest in natural plant-based remedies as a source for commercial products. Endemic diseases are often confused with epidemics. (Especially of plants and animals.) Distribution of endemic plant species on the Peninsula is not random, and all areas are not equally rich in localised species. Leucadendron is a genus of about 80 species of flowering plants in the family Proteaceae endemic to South Africa where they are a prominent part of the fynb. Endemism is the ecological state of a species being native to a single defined geographic location, such as an island, region, state or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. To start, we defined the Cape Peninsulaas the areawest ofa line connecting Paarden Island to Muizenberg, including a small part of the western edge of the area known as the Cape Flats. They inhabit fast-moving streams. With such a huge number of mammal species, a few are certain to be endemic. 1953; Gorter 1977); however, they have not received attention as invaders of natural ecosystems. Gewone Haakdoring, katdoring, Common Hook Thorn, Cat Thorn, Morutlhare, Muvunda-mbado, Umtholo, Motholo, Mbvhinya-xihloka. The tree is big enough to have its own little ecosystem. In South Africa, pathogens of crop plants have been well documented (Crous, Phillips & Baxter 2000; Doidge & Bottomley 1931; Doidge et al. 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