Wernher Von Braun was a renowned German-American scientist popularly known as ‘Father of Rocket Science’. Early life. He died on June 16, 1977 in Alexandria, Virginia, USA. The moon landing in 1969 would not have been possible without this German rocket pioneer. During this period, Von Braun also become a legal U.S. citizen in 1955. After receiving a telescope from his mother at a young age, von Braun … With his new dedication to his studies, von Braun became a top student. After World War II, he committed suicide to escape capture. He disapproved of military use of the rocket and surrendered willingly to American troops in 1945, eventually becoming technical director of the U.S. Army Ordnance Guided Missile Project in Alabama. The A-4 became known as the "V-2," meaning "Vengeance Weapon 2." He belonged to an aristocratic family, inheriting the German title of Freiherr (equivalent to Baron). Leading the Army's Redstone Arsenal team, von Braun was responsible for the first stage Redstone Juno-I rocket that launched Explorer I. There, working alongside Dr. William H. Pickering, former director of JPL, and Dr. James A. van Allen, he was an integral part of the team that successfully launched the first American artificial earth satellite, Explorer I on January 31, 1958. Maria von Trapp was best known for performing with the Trapp Family Singers in the 1930s and '40s. Wernher von Braun joins technical ability, passionate optimism, immense experiences and uncanny organizing ability in. The Voice of Dr. Wernher von Braun: An Anthology (Apogee Books Space Series) by Dr. Dr. Wernher von Braun and Irene E. Powell-Willhite | May 1, 2007 5.0 out of 5 stars 2 Heinrich Himmler was the commander of Adolf Hitler's Schutzstaffel, and later of the Gestapo in Nazi Germany. Dornberger arranged a research grant from the Ordnance Department for Braun, who then did research at a small development station that was set up adjacent to Dornberger’s existing solid-fuel rocket test facility at the Kummersdorf Army Proving Grounds near Berlin. Albert Einstein was a physicist who developed the general theory of relativity. Her memoir was the basis for the ‘The Sound of Music’ musical and film. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Thus, the legend of the Roswell UFO crash entered the public zeitgeist. Two years later Braun received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Berlin. Wernher von Braun’s Record on Civil Rights. Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (23 March 1912–16 June 1977) was a German engineer and scientist.He worked as a rocket designer between the 1930s and 1970s. He started reading books of famous physicist at an early age which are believed to have cultivated his interest in science and mathematics. He was also chiefly responsible for rocketry for the nation's space program. The grant financed von Braun's research at a research station not far from Berlin, next to the solid-fuel rocket facility of then-Captain Walter Dornberger, a department head for the Ordnance Department's armed forces. Under his leadership, the Redstone, Jupiter-C, Juno, and Pershing missiles were developed. Von Braun was brought to America after the war because our government considered his knowledge and expertise too vital to fall into the hands of our enemies. He converted from being Atheist all his life to believing in God 10 years before […] Not long after, however, Hitler personally released von Braun. Wernher von Braun. Braun’s early interest in astronomy and the realm of space never left him thereafter. A turning point in his life occurred in 1925 when he acquired a copy of Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen (“The Rocket into Interplanetary Space”) by a rocket pioneer, Hermann Oberth. He then enrolled at the University of Berlin to study physics. Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun was a German, and later American, aerospace engineer and space architect. Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (* 23. In 1932 he graduated from the Technical Institute with a B.S. As director of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Braun led the development of the large space launch vehicles, Saturn I, IB, and V. The engineering success of each rocket in the Saturn class of space boosters, which contained millions of individual parts, remains unparalleled in rocket history. Franz Boas was a German-born anthropologist who founded the relativistic, culture-centered school of American anthropology that dominated 20th century thought. • Dr Wernher Von Braun (pictured above) was a Nazi rocket scientist in the secret spacecraft development plant at Peenemünde during World War II , then through Operation Paperclip recruited as a high-level NASA aeronautical engineer during the 1960’s and early 70’s. Liquid-fueled rocket aircraft and jet-assisted takeoffs were successfully demonstrated, and the long-range ballistic missile A-4 and the supersonic antiaircraft missile Wasserfall were developed. Wernher von Braun, (born March 23, 1912, Wirsitz, Germany [now Wyrzysk, Poland]—died June 16, 1977, Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.), German engineer who played a prominent role in all aspects of rocketry and space exploration, first in Germany and after World War II in the United States. Von Braun died on June 16, 1977. HUNTSVILLE, Alabama (AFP) — Wernher von Braun was the rocket engineer who designed the Nazis’ dreaded V-2 missile that rained death on Allied cities in … Because he was good looking and outgoing, von Braun was occasionally the butt of both humorous and serious verbal attacks regarding the notion of former German scientists working for the U.S. space program. Wernher von Braun was a German engineer who worked on rocket technology, first for Germany and then for the United States. In March 1970 Braun was transferred to NASA headquarters in Washington, D.C., as deputy associate administrator for planning. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Today, von Braun is still considered one of the most important weapons specialists in the field of rocketry and jet propulsion in the United States. After moving to Huntsville, Alabama, in 1952, Braun became technical director (later chief) of the U.S. Army ballistic-weapon program. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. “After all,” he said, “if we are good, it’s because we’ve had 15 more years of experience in making mistakes and learning from them!”. In 1972, von Braun became vice president at the aerospace company Fairchild Industries, Inc. Updates? There are other, better biographies of Von Braun available, namely the one by Ernst Stuhlinger and Frederick Ordway, who knew and worked with the German rocketry pioneer. He was married to Maria Luise von Quistorp. In 1978, investigative reporter Stanton Friedman interviewed former Air Force intelligence officer Major Jesse Marcel, a Roswell eye witness who said that it was no weather balloon that crashed in the desert, but a UFO. He recognized the military potential of liquid-fueled rockets and the ability of Braun. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. In 1925, now living with his family in Berlin, von Braun began reading Hermann Oberth's Die Rakete zu den Planetenrumen ("The Rocket into Interplanetary Space"), which spurred his desire to better understand science and math, as the subjects related to space exploration. Von Braun was brought to America after the war because our government considered his knowledge and expertise too vital to fall into the hands of our enemies. And physics to print: Corrections Reich ; † 16 models of the work of American anthropology dominated! 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