Most of those in our sample worked in security, an especially dangerous job. Given how centrally private military companies feature in American foreign policy debates lately, Americans may assume that their policymakers are working from a detailed understanding of the contractor workforce. While it might seem natural to have military bases being run and operated by military... Construction. Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. Two U.S. private security contractors investigate the site where a military armored bus was damaged by a roadside bomb on the highway near Baghdad International Airport in Baghdad, Iraq in 2004. The United States has gradually increased the types of tasks and roles for The use of private contractors in Iraq is essential, given the varied skills and expertise required over a substantial period. Without this data, scholars cannot ask even the most basic questions of whether using contractors works better than the alternative, namely military personal or local forces – or, indeed, whether it works at all. The debate on privatizing the war in Afghanistan is heating up yet again, with Democratic lawmakers pledging to end so-called “forever wars.” The public is slowly recognizing the war’s hidden costs and global scale. Reporting a major milestone, the Los Angeles Times wrote in July 2007 that the number of U.S.-paid private contractors in Iraq exceeded that of … The public still knows almost nothing about military contractors or the organizations they are affiliated with. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 117,800 academics and researchers from 3,797 institutions. What are the unintended consequences of reliance on contractors in terms of human rights, legal complication, mismanagement and accountability? For a discussion on DOD’s use of contractors in Iraq and 46 Iraq Contractor jobs available on Indeed.com. Many more of them died in Baghdad or on the roads than did at work or on a base. If encountering unexpected threats, their support was less organized and effective. Are they equipped to succeed in this important task? In September, 2011, the US State Department placed an online prospectus calling for private military companies to operate surveillance drones in “high conflict” areas, such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen, and Iraq. Are they equipped to succeed in this important task? Many others are veterans from other countries, such as Peru, Colombia, Fiji and Uganda. In 2016, one in four U.S. personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan was a private contractor. We learned that the contractors in our sample are predominantly white man in their 40s who choose contracting as a second career. Featured Jobs. Assistant Professor of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, Texas Tech University, Assistant Professor of Military Operations and Military Studies, Royal Danish Defence College. The average salary for private contractors is $ Some bring less institutional experience, as the industry recruits former child soldiers from Sierra Leone and ex-guerrilla fighters from the FARC. The corporate war dead of future conflicts will almost certainly include Americans who previously served their country honorably in uniform. Not surprisin… The Role of Private U.S. Despite the fact that those companies act as proxies of the state, they are not legally obligated to share information with the public on their actions, organization or labor force. It’s hard to get data about private military contractors, mainly because of the proprietary business secrets. Most contractors are not Westerners, but rather third country nationals, recruits from Iraq and Afghanistan. Contractors’ variation in experience, training and capabilities is broad and not well understood. From our sample of the corporate war dead, most of their deployments were short, between a week to a month. We are researchers who study the privatization of security and its implications. By 2006, contractors in Iraq outnumbered soldiers. Indeed, these contractors were more likely to be killed by enemy action than the American service members they worked alongside. Their views are not necessarily shared by Navy Times and its staffers. The firm was spun off from Halliburton in 2007. Is the U.S. using them effectively, making the most of what they do offer and mitigating those areas where they fall short? He was working for National Response Corp. of Long Island as a fireman. Since it is impossible to say anything directly about the total population of American and British contractors who have served in Iraq, we sought out a sample for which records do exist – namely, those who died and whose deaths were recorded in obituaries. This makes sense, considering that contractors that often lacked a protective umbrella of support from other units. … Last year the figure was estimated at being as high as 20,000, but it is thought the total has fallen significantly in the last 12 months. After all, the point is to weigh the contractors’ merits against uniformed service members, about whom the public have excellent information. These contractors practically own our government and fuel the military industrial complex. The Rise of Private Security Contractors LISTEN: Stars & Stripes “Force for Hire” Podcast – Episode 2: Soldier turned contractor talks Blackwater training, Iraq mission Episode 7: Leveraging military skills, expertise to forge a new career The Rise of Private Security Contractors. Of course, all of the members of our sample died. Posted in Iraq, private contractors in Iraq. Contractors faced mortal peril in different places than service members. From their limited use in China during World War II, for example, to their often clandestine use in Vietnam ferrying supplies before the war escalated in 1964 and 1965 when their role became more prominent, public-private military contractors (PMC's) have made essential … Posts about private contractors in Iraq written by 1461carol. There isn’t a detailed account of the private military industry’s practices, workforce, misconducts or contracts. Using this data we gathered demographic information from obituaries and news articles, on 238 contractors who perished in Iraq between 2006 and 2016. From our sample of the corporate war dead, most of their deployments were short, between a week to a month. Their lives should be viewed as no more expendable as contractors than as soldiers, sailors, airmen or Marines. Our sample represents less than a quarter of the private military contractors’ total population. Episode 7: Leveraging military skills, expertise to forge a new career. Iraqi officials, however, argue that drone operations disrespect Iraqi sovereignty. Noticing this gap, in 2008, Congress instructed the Department of Defense to start collecting data on private security personnel. Are contractors better or worse than service members in achieving a country’s political ends abroad? We are researchers who study the privatization of security and its implications. This makes sense, considering that contractors that often lacked a protective umbrella of support from other units. Get the military's most comprehensive news and information every morning. LISTEN: Stars & Stripes “Force for Hire” Podcast – Episode 2: Soldier turned contractor talks Blackwater training, Iraq mission. • April 10, 2003 – American, Robert Grimm, was killed in a vehicle accident on the Kuwait-Iraq border. We collected open source data from iCasualties, a site that collects basic data on soldiers and contractors casualties. Many more of them died in Baghdad or on the roads than did at work or on a base. What was it like to be a contractor in Iraq? The simple truth is that there is little reliable data about this industry. The U.S. employed more private contractors in Iraq than in any previous war, at times exceeding the number of regular military personnel, and roughly 10% of them were in armed roles by the end of the war. After all, the point … Without this data, scholars cannot ask even the most basic questions of whether using contractors works better than the alternative, namely military personal or local forces – or, indeed, whether it works at all. Sign up for the Early Bird Brief - a daily roundup of military and defense news stories from around the globe. The public still knows almost nothing about military contractors or the organizations they are affiliated with. They are more likely to have a college degree than their active duty counterparts, but less likely than their fellow veterans in the general population. Recently, 16 security contractors spent several days in Marine custody in Iraq, where they say they were abused. The United States hired hundreds of thousands of civilians to work in the two war zones. He studies power in democracies, particularly its concentration in the military and other state institutions; its flow through media; and its contestation by civil society actors. What are the unintended consequences of reliance on contractors in terms of human rights, legal complication, mismanagement and accountability? Most are veterans with significant military experience. The public is slowly recognizing the war’s hidden costs and global scale. Is the U.S. using them effectively, making the most of what they do offer and mitigating those areas where they fall short? Private military contractors are profiting off wars that we don’t need to fight. My View of It . Private Security Contractors in Iraq: Background, Legal Status, and Other Issues Introduction The 110th Congress is grappling with a broad range of issues regarding the use of private contractors to provide security for people and property in Iraq and elsewhere. After all, the point is to weigh the contractors’ merits against uniformed service members, about whom the public have excellent information. Estimates on the number of private security contractors working in Iraq vary widely. Given how centrally private military companies feature in American foreign policy debates lately, Americans may assume that their policymakers are working from a detailed understanding of the contractor workforce. Many security guards are former special forces soldiers. Most are veterans with significant military experience. Because contractors operate in the shadows, without effective public oversight, they allow policymakers to have their cake and eat it too – by appearing to withdraw, while keeping proxy forces in theater. Iraq VOIP: +44 (0) 20313 70546-1-206 Iraq Mobile: +964 (0) 780 921 1374 Email: dcollins@aegisworld.com Skype: aegis.dep.country.manager.iraq. Some very big questions still lack any answer at all. Of course, all of the members of our sample died. It’s hard to get data about private military contractors, mainly because of the proprietary business secrets. He was a Lecturer at the Sociology Department at the University of Texas at Austin before joining Texas Tech University. What risks is the U.S. asking them to take? They are the corporate war dead. But this does not appear to be the case. Given how centrally private military companies feature in American foreign policy debates lately, Americans may assume that their policymakers are working from a detailed understanding of the contractor workforce. When injured on the job, their medical care is supposed to be paid for by private insurance companies, primarily AIG. The authors do not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and have disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Their lives should be viewed as no more expendable as contractors than as soldiers, sailors, airmen or Marines. Private security contractors have contributed to improved world peace and stability. Student loans are the bridge for many to earn a college degree. What was it like to be a contractor in Iraq? To make informed decisions about whether and how to privatize future military commitments, the public needs at least a general understanding of the people tasked with projecting American force abroad. Estimates on the number of private security contractors working in Iraq vary widely. In our study, published on Dec. 5 in Armed Forces and Society, we shed light on some of the aspects of this largely invisible workforce for the first time. What did private security contractors do in Iraq? The Great Iraq Swindle • September 26, 2007 • Leave a Comment. The rest provide mission essential functions, such as engineering, communication and transportation and many others. Talk of the Nation looks at the murky position of private contractors in Iraq. Since it is impossible to say anything directly about the total population of American and British contractors who have served in Iraq, we sought out a sample for which records do exist – namely, those who died and whose deaths were recorded in obituaries. Despite the fact that those companies act as proxies of the state, they are not legally obligated to share information with the public on their actions, organization or labor force. They are not a representative sample, since some occupations and some personalities are more likely to risk death in combat than others, but in a setting without any reliable information they offer us a glimpse to this industry’s workforce. Most contractors are not Westerners, but rather third country nationals, recruits from Iraq and Afghanistan. The debate on privatizing the war in Afghanistan is heating up yet again, with Democratic lawmakers pledging to end so-called “forever wars.” The public is slowly recognizing the war’s hidden costs and global scale. Dr. Ori Swed studies world polities and organizations in the context of peace and conflict. Offers an examination of the role that private security and military contractors have played in Iraq since the fall of Saddam Hussein. We collected open source data from iCasualties, a site that collects basic data on soldiers and contractors casualties. Indeed, these contractors were more likely to be killed by enemy action than the American service members they worked alongside. But this does not appear to be the case. Among those contractors who were previously deployed as service members, many are former officers and about half of them are Special Forces veterans. The private personnel were charged with the responsibility of protecting government installations and oil fields, providing security to foreign professionals working in Iraq, and bolstering staffing in military prisons. They are not a representative sample, since some occupations and some personalities are more likely to risk death in combat than others, but in a setting without any reliable information they offer us a glimpse to this industry’s workforce. They were also routinely tasked with different types of missions: less combat work, and more logistics, maintenance or security type work. These types of missions – for example, driving the supply trucks to and from a base – are less protected and have routines that can be detected by insurgents. Synopsis. And we know that some private military contractors have been directly implicated in civilian deaths; the employees of Blackwater, now Academi, a US private … Our contribution to the ongoing debate on contractors is important, but modest. Some bring less institutional experience, as the industry recruits former child soldiers from Sierra Leone and ex-guerrilla fighters from the FARC. The rest provide mission essential functions, such as engineering, communication and transportation and many others. Description of Services: AEGIS is a London based, privately owned, British security and risk management company with overseas offices in Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Dubai, Libya, Africa and the USA. 54,000 armed private military contractors working in Iraq and Afghanistan at the height of the War on Terror (Krahmann, 2012, p.344), employment opportunities in the region have long since been in decline following the drawdown of Coalition operations, forcing many contractors to move on and assume new identities as ‘private military veterans’. You can pay back those loans and still stay within your budget. Personal finance expert Jeanette Mack discusses several options to get ahead on your payments and avoid paying for more interest further down the road. Apply to Instructor, Arabic Role Player, Program Manager and more! In 2016, one in four U.S. personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan was a private contractor. Private Security Companies in Iraq PSCAI MEMBERS Key Yes: Started Process: O Revoked: Ø Security Services Provided Private Security Company B a gh da d MO I R e gi st rat i on KRG M O I R e gi st rat i on Pers onal C o n v oy Static Cons ul t a nc y Othe r Private Security Company Website 1. Private military and security companies do not have real incentive to share these data, but the public interest is clear: The public needs it. In our study, published on Dec. 5 in Armed Forces & Society, we shed light on some of the aspects of this largely invisible workforce for the first time. Archive for the 'private contractors in Iraq' Category. Ori Swed, Texas Tech University, and Thomas Crosbie, Royal Danish Defence College, Time to repay your student loans- Here's what you need to know, Money Minute: Preparing your wallet for the holiday season, Money Minute: Ways to use your home equity loan, Money Minute: Get better at budgeting with digital apps and tools, Defense bill would pause Army Combat Fitness Test roll-out pending an independent study, Dozens of AFRICOM-bound troops in limbo since mid-October, Chuck Yeager, 1st to break sound barrier, dies at 97, Army to fire, suspend officers and enlisted soldiers over violence at Fort Hood, Offutt Air Force Base lab brings closure to Pearl Harbor families, https://www.militarytimes.com © 2020 Sightline Media Group. to private contractors injured in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to a new federal report [1] (PDF). Using this data we gathered demographic information from obituaries and news articles, on 238 contractors who perished in Iraq between 2006 and 2016. Are contractors better or worse than service members in achieving a country’s political ends abroad? 1 Iraq and Afghanistan appear to be the first two instances where the U.S. government has used private contractors extensively for protecting persons and property in combat or stability operations, although private contractors have performed security guard functions in other circumstances. There isn’t a detailed account of the private military industry’s practices, workforce, misconducts or contracts. However, this data is limited, as security contractors comprise just 10 to 20 percent of DOD contractors in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite the fact that those companies act as proxies of the state, they are not legally obligated to share information with the public on their actions, organization or labor force. US Department of Defense, United States Air Force, and a number of private companies: … There are 48,000 'security contractors' in Iraq, working for private companies growing rich on the back of US policy. Contractors Using Military Clinics They come from parts of the U.S. or United Kingdom with higher unemployment rates and fewer job opportunities – not the areas with the strongest traditions for military service. What risks is the U.S. asking them to take? Contractors in Iraq and Afghanistan Logistics and Base Support. To make informed decisions about whether and how to privatize future military commitments, the public needs at least a general understanding of the people tasked with projecting American force abroad. KBR employed more American private contractors than any other firm in Iraq. His current research focuses on the recent global trend of the privatization of security, with emphasis on accountability aspects. They come from parts of the U.S. or United Kingdom with higher unemployment rates and fewer job opportunities – not the areas with the strongest traditions for military service. Those roles take place in conflict areas and place those contractors at similar risk level as the soldiers. Many contractors treated it as a temporary job, taking a few tours. Dr. Thomas Crosbie is an assistant professor at the Centre for Joint Operations, Institute for Military Operations, Royal Danish Defence College. A US defence contractor was killed and several American and Iraqi troops were wounded Friday in a rocket attack in northern Iraq, US officials said. These types of missions – for example, driving the supply trucks to and from a base – are less protected and have routines that can be detected by insurgents. Because many of the positions needed in Iraq and Afghanistan directly support military or intelligence operations, the need for contractors with valid security clearances is high in the Middle Eastern combat zones, and workers with security clearances may earn the highest salaries in the private sector. However, this data is limited, as security contractors comprise just 10 to 20 percent of DOD contractors in Afghanistan and Iraq. These were American civilian contractors, employees of one of the private security companies the U.S. government has hired to pacify and reconstruct postwar Iraq. Contractors faced mortal peril in different places than service members. Who are the contractors who actually execute American policy? The simple truth is that there is little reliable data about this industry. The corporate war dead of future conflicts will almost certainly include Americans who previously served their country honorably in uniform. They are more likely to have a college degree than their active duty counterparts, but less likely than their fellow veterans in the general population. If encountering unexpected threats, their support was less organized and effective. Private military and security companies do not have real incentive to share these data, but the public interest is clear: The public needs it. We learned that the contractors in our sample are predominantly white man in their 40s who choose contracting as a second career. Our contribution to the ongoing debate on contractors is important, but modest. It’s hard to get data about private military contractors, mainly because of the proprietary business secrets. Many contractors treated it as a temporary job, taking a few tours. Many others are veterans from other countries, such as Peru, Colombia, Fiji and Uganda. This means that the war is already being outsourced, yet scholars, the media and the general public know almost nothing about it. Because contractors operate in the shadows, without effective public oversight, they allow policymakers to have their cake and eat it too – by appearing to withdraw, while keeping proxy forces in theater. About This Page. Some very big questions still lack any answer at all. By giving us your email, you are opting in to the Early Bird Brief. In 2016, 1 in 4 U.S. armed personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan was a private contractor. Who are the contractors who actually execute American policy? Contractors’ variation in experience, training and capabilities is broad and not well understood. This means that the war is … Most of those in our sample worked in security, an especially dangerous job. Dec. 11, 2009 — -- The CIA and the military special forces have quietly expanded the role of private contractors, including Blackwater, to include their involvement in raids and secret paramilitary operations in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq, four current and former U.S. military and intelligence officers tell ABC News. This means that the war is already being outsourced, yet scholars, the media and the general public know almost nothing about it. Our sample represents less than a quarter of the private military contractors’ total population. Noticing this gap, in 2008, Congress instructed the Department of Defense to start collecting data on private security personnel. Those roles take place in conflict areas and place those contractors at similar risk level as the soldiers. Among those contractors who were previously deployed as service members, many are former officers and about half of them are Special Forces veterans. 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