Rabat (AFP) For three decades, a UN-monitored ceasefire has kept a fragile peace in the disputed Western Sahara. Morocco and the Polisario Front fought for decades over control of Western Sahara, until a 1991 UN-brokered ceasefire froze the conflict and left Rabat in control of most of the desert area. The conflict originated from an insurgency by the Polisario Front against Spanish colonial forces from 1973 to 1975 and the subsequent Western Sahara War against Morocco between 1975 and 1991. Van Walsum does not deem this realistic because both the parties in the conflict do not want to make concessions. Droits d'auteur © 2010–2020, The Conversation France (assoc. It’s in Western Sahara – a disputed territory bordering Morocco to the north and Mauritania to the east – a stone’s throw from the Canary Islands. To make matters worse, they are suspicious that Morocco are flying drones over their territory – something that has been denied by Morocco. ... morocco want the sahrawi from tindouf to return home and have a decent life, but that does nt benefit to … The Western Sahara, controlled by the Spanish since 1884 and by Morocco since 1975, is home to the Sahrawi, a collective name for the indigenous peoples living in and around the region. So why do they want to fight? In Morocco the name “Western Sahara” does not exist. But an imposed solution would not guarantee lasting stability in the region. Water scarcity is the lack of water in a region. There are currently three major airways affected. Western Sahara is not a independent country Its a state and part of Morocco. The Saharawi people were expelled from their homes by force, including the use of napalm. The AU had recognised the Western Sahara – or Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) as an independent nation back in 1982 – and Morocco wasn't happy about it. Morocco stepped in to claim sovereignty over Western Sahara, a territory nearly its size on its southern border. Continue to monitor Safeairspace.net as this situation develops. It refers to the territory it controls as its "southern provinces". Over the years, Morocco has maintained a stiff position on its claim to Western Sahara. Right now it is escalating and shots are being fired. Western Sahara is PART of Morocco. The occupation sparked a guerrilla war between Morocco and Algeria's Polisario Front that ended in 1991 after the United Nations negotiated a ceasefire and deployed a peacekeeping force. Instead it is often referred as “The Southern Provinces” and there is never a dashed line on the map of Morocco. The Polisario made headlines last week when they declared war on Morocco. It wouldn’t be the first time an aircraft has been shot down there either – the Polisario downed two DC-7 airliners with missiles back in 1988. One of Morocco’s biggest diplomatic steps was reintegration into the African Union (AU) in 2017. The ceasefire has held, but there still has not been a referendum. Western Sahara. (El Pais) Western Sahara's Conflict Traps Refugees in Limbo (June 4, 2008) A cease-fire and proposed referendum bring promise for peace in the territory, but U.S. leadership is needed to insure its … Since Morocco invaded Western Sahara it has built a 1,700-mile desert barrier keeping Sahrawis out of the resource-rich west Published: 22 Sep 2018 Build a wall across the Sahara? Not much of a warning – just a recommendation that you don’t fly too low on some airways. There sure is. Western Sahara is the second country in the world threatened most by water scarcity in the world. Morocco’s tactics have centred on diplomacy. Demonstrations supporting Western Sahara’s self-determination are not permitted. The North Atlantic Datalink Mandate – What are the rules? The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) was proclaimed in 1976 by the Polisario to embody its independence project. Western Sahara is PART of Morocco. The Sahara Desert is the largest and the hottest desert in the world. Western Sahara has been part and parcel of Morocco dating back to the nomadic, semi-nomadic to the most recent sedentarisation of the mixed people of the Sanhaja Amazigh, Arabs and black Africans who unified under the direct rule of the Moroccan authorities, at least since the XIth century under the Amazigh Almoravid Empire followed by that of the Almohads of the post-modern Arab-Muslim period, … But it cannot be implemented as presented. The GCCC/Canarias FIR has issued a new airspace warning this week for an emerging conflict zone in Western Sahara – a remote territory in the Northwest of Africa. Morocco IS WESTERN SAHARA. It covers the most of North Africa and is as big as the United States. Recently a Polisario protest blocked a whole bunch of Moroccan truck drivers at the border with Mauritania, shutting down an essential route that connects Morocco to the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa. It has relied on Algerian support for decades and, while it is likely that Algiers will continue to support the Sahrawis’ self-determination case, it is unclear how far it is willing to go. Morocco and the Polisario Front fought for decades over control of Western Sahara, until a 1991 UN-brokered cease-fire froze the conflict and left Rabat in control of most of the desert area. 125,000 people still live there to this day. After Morocco occupied Western Sahara in 1975, they fired most of the Sahrawis working in the phosphate industry, replacing them with Moroccan settlers. The king of Morocco's recent declaration that his country wants to return to the African Union after a 32-year absence appears to be a political maneuver to gain ground in the Western Sahara dispute. Morocco supported the U.S.–led first Gulf War and offered to mediate the Arab–Israeli conflict in an attempt to persuade the United States—which maintains a long-held neutral position on control of the Western Sahara—to endorse Morocco’s claim to the area. The United Nations considers Western Sahara a non-decolonized, non-self-governing territory. Question? Through this strategy, the kingdom has been gathering continental support, primarily from Francophone African states. This sparked one of the most important diplomatic crises involving a UN Secretary-General in the organisation’s history. Ending the Algerian-backed separatists’ fight for control of the Western Sahara is one of Morocco’s top priorities. Morocco weren’t happy, and breached the ceasefire agreement by sending forces into the demilitarized zone to remove them. The situation in Western Sahara had been stagnant for 40 years and the International Court of Justice had recognized Morocco’s presence as an occupation that must come to an end, he said. Morocco Western Sahara FILE - In this May 20 2008 file photo, pro-independence Polisario Front rebel soldiers prepare tea in the Western Sahara region of Tifariti. The old guard is likely to soon give way to younger leaders, who might prefer to take up arms for their cause. As much as the international community hopes for the termination of the conflict, it must refrain from opting for an easy fix. In the top right corner of this building in the city of Casablanca there is a picture of current King Mohammed VI. Today, U.S. Sen. Jim Inhofe (R-Okla.) spoke on the Senate floor about the struggle in Western Sahara. In doing so, it invoked ancestral cultural and political ties. By Pambazuka News. This strategy also expands beyond the continent. Since Morocco invaded Western Sahara it has built a 1,700-mile desert barrier keeping Sahrawis out of the resource-rich west Published: 22 Sep 2018 Build a wall across the Sahara? I have explored elements of Morocco’s push to dominate the narrative about Western Sahara as part of my research. At the UN, Morocco has used its institutional involvement, particularly by threatening to withdraw its peacekeepers deployed around the world, to dominate and direct discussions about Western Sahara. The Moroccan government invaded and has occupied the Western Sahara since Spain withdrew in 1975. Rabat hopes it can push those who oppose to reconsider their options in favour of Western Sahara becoming an autonomous region, and weakening the possibility of changes being made to its Autonomy Plan. Petitioners Give Morocco’s Proposed Autonomy Plan Mixed Reviews in Hearing. On 31 October 1975, Morocco and Mauritania invaded Western Sahara as Spain (the former colonial power) looked on. Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. Western Sahara and the Polisario enjoy the backing of numerous human rights groups around the globe. » Subscribe to NowThis World: http://go.nowth.is/World_SubscribeSubscribe to Sourcefed! Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. The two have never gotten along. Algeria support the Polisario, so the conflict has potential to grow beyond borders. Algeria is, after all, facing its own political crisis. Today, U.S. Sen. Jim Inhofe (R-Okla.) spoke on the Senate floor about the struggle in Western Sahara. The official position of the Kingdom of Morocco since 1963 is that all of Western Sahara is an integral part of the kingdom. Université de Montréal apporte un financement en tant que membre adhérent de The Conversation CA. The big deal is that the Polisario are likely to have access to anti-aircraft weaponry left over from the previous war. Western Sahara has been occupied by Morocco, just north along the coast, since 1975. Écrivez un article et rejoignez une communauté de plus de 117 700 universitaires et chercheurs de 3 797 institutions. The FAA were onto it when they immediately carried out a risk assessment and published a notice. Faced with consistent pressure from Morocco and Mauritania and itself undergoing a period of domestic uncertainty, Spain agreed to the partition of Western Sahara between the two countries despite a World Court ruling that Morocco’s and Mauritania’s legal claims to the Spanish Sahara were tenuous and did not negate the right to self-determination by the Sahrawis. The people of Western Sahara have been forced to live here, struggling to return to a homeland where they can determine their own future. Because it is the diplomatic and democratic way to do things not by force.
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